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ILLUSTRATIONS 



OF 



TYPICAL SPECIMENS 



OF 



LEPIDOPTERA HETEROCERA 



IN 



THE COLLECTION 



OF 



THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 



ti\ 



Part IV.— NORTH-AMERICAN TORTRICIDiE. 
By lord WALSINGHAM. 




LONDON: 
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 

1879. 



o 



C\ 



ALE RE 



PLAMMAM. 




PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, 
RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 






PREFACE. 



The present part of the " Illustrations of Typical Specimens of Lepidoptera 
Heterocera in the British Museum " deals exclusively with the Tortricidce of 
North America in the National Collection. Many species originally named by 
the late Mr, Walker are now fully described and figured. But our knowledge of 
this group has received, besides, an important addition by numerous new species 
discovered and collected by Lord Walsingham in 1871 and 1872, chiefly in 
California and Oregon. These are now for the first time described, the types 
having been presented by him to the Museum. 

ALBEET GUNTHER, 

Keeper of the Department of Zoology . 

British Museum, November 29, 1879. 



INTRODUCTION. 



In describing several new species of Tortricidce from North America, and re- 
describing such of Mr. Walker's species as had not been anticipated by other 
authors, and of which the types are now in the British Museum, I have thought 
it advisable to adopt as far as possible the system of classification laid down by 
Heinemann in his ' Schmetterlinge Deutschlands und der Schweiz,' published 
in 1865. 

Many systems of generic subdivision have been suggested for this difficult 
group ; but all appear to have been founded upon a study of European species 
only. So far as I have been able to judge, none of these various systems are 
sufficiently perfect and natural to facilitate the arrangement of a cosmopolitan 
collection. It is very desirable that some comprehensive system should be 
devised ; but for this purpose a very careful study of specimens from all parts 
of the world is obviously necessary, and it may be long before such a work can 
be successfully undertaken. Until this has been done, any arrangement of this 
group of insects must, I think, be considered, in part at least, provisional. 

In the meanwhile Heinemann's system, although not infallible when applied 
to large numbers of species with which he was necessarily unacquainted, seems 
to afford a wider and sounder basis for generic classification than those of other 
authors. He attaches much value to differences of neuration; and although 



vi INTEODUCTION. 

perhaps (in opposition to the views urged by the late Mons. PeyerimhofF in the 
* Annales do la Societe Entomologique de France,' 1876, p. 577) he depends too 
much upon the presence or absence of the costal fold for generic division, his 
critics have not yet produced any system of classification which can be said 
to supersede that of Heinemann, or to depart from the general guiding principles 
which he laid down. Many genera which have been perhaps linked together by 
the discovery of intermediate forms, or which have not presented in themselves 
sufficiently strong permanent characteristic differences, besides some few, perhaps, 
which might possibly have remained clearly defined and acknowledged, seem to 
have been merged by him under more comprehensive generic titles, in which 
they have sunk to the rank of subgenera. It may be objected to this system that 
distinctions sufficient to separate the numerous subgenera are really equally 
sufficient to be of full generic value. 

Whilst following the method of determination laid down by Heinemann, I 
have ventured so far to depart from his system of arrangement for the purposes of 
this volume as to recognize his subgenera as genera, thus avoiding that departure 
from' strict binominal nomenclature which is involved in the practice of writing 
names in such a form as '■'■ ToHfix [Caccecia) rosaceana, Harris;" and had I been 
following it less faithfully I should have been much disposed to break up the 
large genus Pcedisca into at least three separate divisions, which could, I think, 
be clearly defined. 

Heinemann uses Grapholitha, H.-S., as one of the subgenera of Grapholitha, 
Tr. Since Heinemann's limitation of the subgenus is not exactly coextensive with 
Herrich-Schafier's limitation of the genus, I have preferred to speak of Gra'pho- 
litha (H.-S.), Hein,, as expressing that Heinemann's subgenus is adopted as distin- 
guished from the larger and more comprehensive genus of Treitsche. 

An additional reason for adopting Heinemann's method seems to be presented 
by the fact that Prof. C. H. Fernald, of Maine State College (who is, I believe, 
about to publish a complete list of the North-American Tortricidce), has been 
guided in his investigations by the rules laid down by Heinemann ; and as the 
present volume treats exclusively of North-American species, it will be found 
convenient that their classification corresponds, as far as possible, with that which 
has been adopted in compiling such a national catalogue. 



INTEODUCTION. vii 

I must express my grateful acknowledgments to those gentlemen who have 
assisted me in acquiring the necessary information for this volume — to H. T. 
Stainton, Esq., to Mr. C. G. Barrett, and others in this country, to Prof. P. C. 
Zeller, of Stettin, and especially to Prof. Fernald, of Maine State College, and to 
Mr. Cresson and others of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia, for enabling 
me to become acquainted with many of the species described by American, as well 
as European, authors whose types I have had no opportunity of examining. 

I hope that all adequate precaution has been taken against mere additions to 
synonymy, which in this group of insects is already so extensive ; but I can scarcely 
expect to have entirely avoided the error of redescription in a family of Lepidoptera 
peculiarly difficult to render recognizable even by coloured figures, and equally 
difficuk to recognize from mere descriptions. Many Californian species approach 
very closely to well-known European forms, but seem to have some constant, 
although slight, distinguishing peculiarities. I have not knowingly ventured to 
describe any such as new, except where I have been able carefully to compare a 
considerable series of specimens, as in the case of Penthina vetulana, Penthina 
consanguinana, Pcedisca hirsutana, Pcedisca illotana, Mhyacionia juncticiliana, and 
others. I have in all cases stated the number of specimens now in the British 
Museum collection only, without reference to those available for comparison in my 
own collection. 

To facilitate the study of the North-American Tortricidm represented in the 
collection of the British Museum, I have given after each genus a list of such of 
Mr. Walker's species as were placed in that genus by him, but which, for various 
reasons, have not now retained this position in the catalogue of types. 

In these lists reference is made to such synonyms only as are entitled to take 
precedence of the names given by Mr. Walker. For these I am indebted partly to 
Messrs. Grote and Eobinson (Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 1868, ii. pp. 83, 84), partly to 
information received from Prof. Fernald, whose observations on Walker's types will 
probably appear before this volume is printed, and partly to my own observation 
and comparison of Walker's specimens, by which means I have in all cases carefully 
verified the synonymy. 

I have ventured to add a list of all the European species which up to 
the present time have been observed in North America, together with such as I 



Viu INTEODUCTION. 

have myself met with or recognized, and which have not before been recorded as 
occurring in that country. 

Mr. Edwin Wilson has exercised great care and patience in faithfully render- 
ing the form and markings of the various specimens. In the case of some of 
Mr. Walker's types, which are in extremely poor condition, this has been a difficult 
task; but the measure of success with which it has been accomplished will, 
I trust, be the means of preserving a reliable record of this portion of Mr. Walker's 
work. 

WALSINGHAM. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Family TORTRICID^. 



TERAS, Tr. 

subnivana, WalTc., p. 1, PI. LXI. f. 2. 
nivisellana, Whm., p. 2, PL LXI. f. 3. 
simpliciana, Wlsm., p. 2, PL LXI. f. 4. 
foliana, Wlsm., p. 3, PL LXI. f. 5 & 6. 
pulverosana, Walk., p. 3, PL LXI. f. 7. 

HENDECASTEMA, Wlsm... 

cuneanum, Wlsm., p. 4, PL LXI. f . 8 & 10. 
var. adumbranum, p. 5, PL LXI. f. 9. 

PLATYNOTA, Clem. 

rostrana, Walk., p. 5, PL LXII. f. 1, 

CAC(ECIA, Huh. 

patiilana, Walk., p. 6, PL LXI. f. 1. 
semiferana, Walk., p. 7, PL LXII. f. 2. 
semiferana, var., p. 7, PL LXII. f. 3. 
transiturana, LTaZt., p. 8, PL LXII. f. 4. 
argyrospila, Walk., p. 8, PL LXII. f. 5 & 6. 
georgiana, TfaZ^., p. 9, PL LXII. f. 7. 

PTYCHOLOMA, Steph. 

melaleucanum, Walk., p. 10, PL LXII. f. 8. 

HETEROGNOMON, Led. 

conflictanus, Walk., p. 10, PL LXII. f. 9. 

PANDEMIS, Huh. 

albaniana, Walk., p. 11, PL LXII. f. 10. 

LOZOT.ffiNIA, H.-S. 

obsoletana, Walk., p. 11, PL LXIII. f. 1. 
fucana, Wlsm., p. 12, PL LXIII. f. 2. 
retiniana, Wlsm., p. 12, PL LXIII. f. 3. 



LOZOT.ffiNIA {continued). 

retana, Wlsm., p. 13, PL LXIII. f. 4. 
franciscana, Wlsm., p. 13, PL LXIII. f. 5. 
glaucana, Wlsm., p. 13, PL LXIII. f. 6. 

LOPHODERUS, StpJi. 

gloveranus, Wlsm., p. 14, PL LXIII. f. 7. 
afflictanus, Walk., p. 14, PL LXIII. f. 8. 
triferauus, Walk., p. 15, PL LXIII. L 9. 

(ENECTRA, Guen. 

inconditana, Wlsm., p. 16, PL LXIII. f. 10. 
rudana, Wlsm., p. 16, PL LXIV. f. 1 & 2. 
senecionana, Wlsm., p. 17, PL LXIV. f. 3. 

CENOPIS, Zell. 

directana. Walk., p. 17, PL LXIV. f. 4. 
gracilana, Wlsm., p. 18, PL LXIV. f. 5. 
diluticostana, Wlsm., p. 18, PL LXIV. f. 6. 
niveana, Wlsm., p. 19, PL LXIV. f. 7, 
pulcherrimana, Wlsm., p. 19, PL LXIV. f. 8. 
demissana, Wlsm., p. 19, PL LXIV. f. 9. 
xanthoides, Walk., p. 20, PL LXIV. f. 10. 

DICHELIA, Guen. 

tunicana, Wlsm., p. 20, PL LXV. f. 1. 
ealiforniana, Wlsm., p. 21, PL LXV. f. 2 & 3. 

CAPUA, Stph. 

furcatana. Walk., p. 21, PL LXV. f. 4. 
lentiginosana, Wlsm., p. 22, PL LXV. f. 5. 

SCIAPHILA, Tr. 

borariana, Wlsm., p. 22, PL LXV. f. 6. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



SCIAPHILA (conii)uted). 

txigoiuma, Whm., p. 22, Tl. LXV. f. 7. 
basiplagaiia, Whm., p. 23, Tl. LXV. f. 8. 

SYNNOMA, 117.v»). 

Ij-nosp-aua, ir/.<!)H., p. 24, Tl. LXV. f. 9, 10. 

RETINIA, (?«<■«. 

subcervinaua, ir/sn;., p. 25, PL LXVI. f. 1. 

IDIOGKAPHIS, Led. 

fulviplicana, Whm., p. 25, PL LXVI. f. 2 & 3. 
tegraua, Whm., p. 26, PL LXVI. f. 4. 
floccosaua, Wall:, p. 27, PL LXVI. f. 5. 

COCHYLIS, Tr. 

iutactana, TFZshi., p. 27, PL LXVI. f. 6. 
fernaldana, Whm., p. 27, PL LXVI. f. 7. 
scissaua, WalJc, p. 28, PL LXVI. f. 8. 
parallelana, Whm., p. 28, PL LXVI. f. 9. 
transversana, Whm., p. 28, PL LXVI. f. 10. 
saxicolaua, Whm., p. 29, PL LXVII. f. 1. 
latipunctana, Whm., p. 29, PL LXVII. f. 2. 
dilutana, Whm., p. 29, PL LXVII. f. 3. 
campicolana, Whm., p. 29, PL LXVII. f. 4. 
parvimaculana, Whm., p. 30, PL LXVII. f. 5. 

PENTHINA, Tr. 

consanguinana, Whm., p. 30, PL LXVII. f. 6. 
conditana, Whm., p. 31, PL LXVII. f. 7. 
hebesana, Wal7<:., p. 31, PL LXVII. f. 8. 

SERICORIS, Tr. 

vetulana, Whm., p. 32, PL LXVII. f. 9. 
auricapitana, Whm., p. 33, PL LXVII. f. 10. 
puncticostana. Walk., p. 33, PL LXVIII. f, 1. 
dilutifuscana, Whm., p. 33, PL LXVIII. f. 2. 
dealbana. Walk., p. 34, PL LXVIII. f. 3. 
cbalybeana, Whm., p. 34, PL LXVIII. f. 4. 
inquietana. Walk., p. 35, PL LXVIII. f. 5. 

PH.ffiCASIOPHORA, Grote. 

donfixana. Walk., p. 36, PL LXVIII. f. 6. 

EXAETEMA, Clem. 

sericoranum, Whm., p. 36, PL LXVIII. f. 7. 
ptmctanum, Whm., p. 37, PL LXVIII. f. 8. 
ferriferanum. Walk., p. 37, PL LXXV. f. 4. 
griseoalbanum, Whm., p. 38, PL LXVIII. f. 9. 



P.ffiDISCA, Tr. 

ciilminana, Whm., p. 38, PL LXVIII. f. 10. 
iUotana, Whm., p. 39, PL LXIX. f. 1. 
terracoctana, Whm,., p. 39, PL LXIX. f. 2. 
rectiplicana, Whm., p. 40, PL LXIX. f. 3. 
albangulana, Whm., p. 40, PL LXIX. f. 4. 
basipunctana, Whm., p. 40, PL LXIX. f. 5. 
subplicana, Whm., p. 41, PL LXIX. f. 6. 
nigralbana, Whm., p. 41, PL LXIX. f. 7. 
agricolana, Whm., p. 42, PL LXIX. f. 8. 
atomosana, Whm., p. 42, PL LXIX. f. 9. 
bolanderana, Whm., p. 42, PL LXIX. f. 10. 
crambifcana, Whm., p. 43, PL LXX. f. 1. 
larana, Whm., p. 43, PL LXX. f. 2. 
luridana, Whm., p. 44, PL LXX. f. 3. 
argentialbana, Whm., p. 44, PL LXX. f. 4. 
resumptana. Walk., p. 44, PL LXX. f. 5. 
pulveratana, Whm., p. 45, PL LXX. f. 6. 
primulana, Whm., p. 45, PL LXX. f. 7. 
biquadrana, Whm., p. 45, PL LXX. f. 8. 
shastana, Whm., p. 46, PL LXX. f. 9. 
cataclystiana, Walk., p. 46, PL LXX. f. 10. 
bipunctella, Walk., p. 47, PL LXXI. f. 1. 
grandiflavana, Whm., p. 47, PL LXXI. f. 2. 
subflavana, Whm., p. 48, PL LXXI. f. 3. 
maculatana, Whm., p. 48, PL LXXI. f. 4. 
irroratana, Whm., p. 48, PL LXXI. f. 5. 
perdricana, Whm., p. 49, PL LXXI. f. 6. 
passerana, Whm., p. 49, PL LXXI. f. 7. 
giomerana, Whm-., p. 49, PL LXXI. f. 8. 
fulminana, TTZsm., p. 50, PL LXXI. f. 9. 
canana, Whm., p. 50, PL LXXI. f. 10. 
hirsutana, Whm., p. 50, PL LXXII. f. 1. 
improbana. Walk., p. 51, PL LXXII. f. 2. 
transmissana. Walk., p. 52, PL LXXII. f. 3. 
strenuana. Walk., p. 52, PL LXXII. f. 4. 
radicana, Whm., p. 53, PL LXXII. f. 5. 
abruptana, Whm., p. 53, PL LXXII. f. 6. 
graduatana, Whm., p. 54, PL LXXII. f. 7. 
palpana, Whm., p. 54, PL LXXII. f. 8. 
abbreviatana, Whm., p. 54, PL LXXII. f. 9. 
solicitana. Walk., p. 55, PL LXXII. f. 10. 

SEMASIA, U.S. 

radiataua, Whm., p. 55, PL LXXIII. f. 1. 
elongana, Whm., p. 56, PL LXXIII. f. 2. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XI 



SEMASIA (continued). 

artemisiana, Wlsm., p. 56, PI. LXXIII. f. 3. 
scalana, Wlsm., p. 57, PL LXXIII. f. 4. 
Columbiana, Wlsm., p. 57, PI. LXXIII. f. 5. 
decempunctana, Wlsm., p. 58, PI. LXXIII. f. 6. 
perangustana, Wlsm., p. 58, PI. LXXIII. f. 7. 
lapidana, Wlsjn., p. 58, PI. LXXIII. f. 8. 
sublapidana, Wlsm., p. 59, PL LXXIII. f. 9. 
tenuiana, Wlsm., p. 59, PL LXXIII. f. 10. 
parvana, Wlsm., p. 60, PL LXXIV. f. 1. 
stramineana, Wlsm., p. 60, PL LXXIV. f. 2. 
minimana, Wlsm., p. 60, PL LXXIY. f. 3. 
argenticostana, Wlsm., p. 61, PL LXXIV. f. 4. 
griseoeapitana, Wlsm., p. 61, PL LXXIV.-f. 5. 
paUidicostana, Wlsm., p. 62, PL LXXIV. f. 6. 
infuscana, Wlsm., p. 62, PL LXXIV. f. 7. 
oregonana, Wlsm., p. 62, PL LXXIV. f. 8. 
amphorana, Wlsm., p. 63, PL LXXIV. f. 9. 
refusana, Walk., p. 63, PL LXXIV. f. 10. 
perstructana, Walk., p. 64, PL LXXV. f. 1. 

HYSTEICHOPHORA, Wlsm. 

leonana, Wlsm., p. 65, PL LXXV. f. 2. 
var. aurantiana, p. 65, PL LXXV. f. 3. 

GRAPHOLITHA, U.S. {Hein.). 

vitrana, Wlsm., p. 65, PL LXXV. f. 5. 
Cffiruleana, Wlsm., p. 66, PL LXXV. f. 6. 
conversana, Wlsm., p. 66, PL LXXV. f. 7. 
lunatana, Wlsm., p. 66, PL LXXV. f. 8. 



GRAPHOLITHA (continued). 

americana, Wlsm., p. 67, PL LXXV. f. 9 & 10. 
trossulana, Wlsm., p. 67, PL LXXVI. f. 1. 

PROTEOPTERYX, Wlsm. 

emarginana, Wlsm., p. 68, PL LXXVI. f. 2-6. 

PTHOROBLASTIS, Led. 

texanana, Wlsm., p. 70, PL LXXVI. f. 7. 

CARPOCAPSA, Tr. 

latiferreana, Wlsm., p. 70, PL LXXVI. f. 8. 

STEGANOPTYCHA, Steph. 

liturana, Wlsm., p. 71, PL LXXVI. f. 9. 
lagopana, Wlsm., p. 71, PL LXXVI. f. 10. 
biangulana, Wlsm., p. 71, PL LXXVII. f. 1. 
purpuriciliana, Wlsm., p. 72, PL LXXVII. f. 2. 

PHOXOPTERYX, Tr. 

discigerana, Walk., p. 72, PL LXXVII. f. 3. 
pacificana, Wlsm., p. 73, PL LXXVII. f. 4. 
apicana. Walk., p. 73, PL LXXVII. f. 5. 
muricana, Wlsm., p. 74, PL LXXVII. f. 6. 
divisana. Walk., p. 74, PL LXXVII. f. 7. 
cometana, Wlsm., p. 74, PL LXXVII. f. 8. 

RHYACIONIA, ^.-.S'. 
juncticiliana, Wlsm., p. 75, PL LXXVII. f. 9. 

DICHRORAMPHA, Gum. 

radicicolana, Wlsm., p. 75, PL LXXVII. f. 10. 



I L LUSTRATIONS 



TYPE SPECIMENS 



LEPIDOPTEEA HETEROCERA. 



TOUTRICID^. 

TERAS, TV, 
Teras sulbnivana. (Plate LXI. fig. 3.) 

Penthina subnivana, Walk. Cat. Lep. Set. xxyiii. pp. 376, 377. 

Teras deflectana, Bob. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 283, pi. vii. fig. 71; Zeller, Verh. z.-h. Ges. Wien, 
XXV. p. 211, 

Palpi white above, reddish brown beneath, projecting scarcely the length of. the head 
beyond it ; the short apical joint obtuse, exposed : head and thorax white. Fore wings — 
with the costa considerably arched towards the base, emarginate beyond the middle, the apex 
not produced — white, with a few tufts of raised white scales before the middle and some few 
pale ferruginous spots and streaklets beyond the middle ; a conspicuous triangular ferru- 
ginous costal patch, in which the white ground-colour is more or less visible on its upper edge 
internally, contains some minute dots of raised black scales ; the apical margin and anal angle 
are clouded and spotted with pale ferruginous ; and there are one or two minute streaks or 
spots of the same colour near the base of the costa : cilia dusky grey, tinged with ferruginous. 
Hind wings cinereous grey, with a slender pale ochreous line at the base of the cilia. 
Type c? . Expanse of wings 16 millims. 

Nova Scotia. From Lieut. Redman's collection. Robinson gives Pennsylvania as its 
locality. 

Zeller (Verh. z.-b, Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 211) points out that Teras deflectana, Rob., is nearly 
allied to the European Teras boscana. The same difi'erences which he notices are to be 

B 



2 TORTRICIDJi. 

found iu Walker's type of subn'wana, especially the brown (not black) colouring of the costal 
patch, and the grey (not pure Mhite) cilia of the fore wings, as well as its smaller size. I 
took a specimen at Washington in ]\Iay 1871 ; and I have seen another specimen from 
North America, both of which approach the European form more closely in these particu- 
lars. It may eventually be found that the true boscana also occurs there. 



Teras nivisellana. (Plate LXI. fig. 3.) 

Head, palpi, and antennse dark ferruginous brown ; thorax white. Fore wings white, with 
numerous tufts of raised scales ; a triangular brownish patch rather beyond the middle of the 
costa, containing towards its apical angle a bluish-purple shade, internally margined with 
black ; an ochreous shade runs through the costal patch and is diffused over the wing towards 
the anal angle, containing one or more spots of raised scales of the same colour and extending 
towards some rich ferruginous-brown streaks near the apical margin and apex ; there is a 
conspicuous tuft of raised ferruginous -brown scales near the basal third of the dorsal margin, 
with a small black dot on the fold immediately above it : underside pale reddish brown, the 
costa touched with white : cilia reddish brown. Hind wings pale reddish fuscous. 2 $ . 
Expanse of wings 16 millims. 

Mount Shasta, California, August 1871, at an elevation of about 5000 feet. The species 
was also met with in May of the following year near Rouge River, in Oregon. 

This is evidently the North- American representative of the common European T. varie- 
gana, Schiff. ; but it differs from all varieties I have seen of that insect in the costal trian- 
gular spot being distinctly divided from the apical shade, as well as in the form of the apical 
shade itself, which in the species above described occupies a wider space on the dorsal than 
on the costal margin. I should hesitate to consider it a mere variety unless some intermediate 
forms should yet be found. 



Teras simpliciana. (Plate LXI. fig. 4.) 

Antennse fuscous ; head, palpi, and thorax white. Fore wings white with a slight 
yellowish tinge, with some streaks of dusky scales towards the apex : a purplish-black sub- 
obtuse triangular patch at the costa slightly beyond the middle, reaching over the upper edge 
of the cell ; in this patch are a few slightly raised darker scales : a minute black spot lies in 
the basal thii'd of the wing below the fold, and sometimes another smaller one on the cell 
above it, rather nearer the base. Hind wings tinged with brownish grey ; cilia paler. 2 ? . 
Expanse of wings 14 millims. 

Camp Watson, on John Day's River, Oregon, March 1872. 

Allied to Peronea gallicolana, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 516, which is figured by 
Robinson, Proc. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. pi. vii. fig. 72, but much smaller and paler, not having the 
strong brownish-grey colour peculiar to that species. 



TEEAS. 



Teras foliana. (Plate LXI. figs. 5 & 6.) 

Head and palpi oclireouSj the latter projecting not more than the length of the head 
beyond it^ second joint thickly clothed with ochreous scales which partly conceal the short 
apical joint J antennse brownish ochreous, slightly pubescent in the male; thorax brownish 
ochreous in front, pale straw-colour behind, where there is a raised tuft of scales of the same 
colour. Fore wings — with the costa arched ; apex produced, almost falcate ; dorsal margin 
nearly straight — pale straw-colour, more or less suffused or reticulated with ochreous brown; 
a very pale yellowish triangle is preceded by a pale oblique chestnut -brown shade from the 
middle of the costa, which in some specimens is carried round more faintly on its outer edge ; 
a narrow pale chestnut-brown line runs along the apical margin; and in some specimens (as in 
fig. 6) the whole surface of the wings is strongly reticulated with the same colour : cilia at 
the anal angle straw-coloured, along the apical margin paler : underside glossy pale reddish 
straw-colour, the costal triangle sometimes indicated in pale staw-colour. Hind wings pale 
straw- colour, with a faint rosy tinge; cilia and legs lighter. Expanse of wings 19-21 millims. 

Southern extremity of Lower Lake, Lake County, California, June 23rd, 1871. 

This species is nearly allied to Teras contaminana, No. 683 of Staudinger and Wocke's 
Catalogue, placed by Wilkinson in the genus Dictyopteryx of Stephens, which genus is 
apparently merged in Teras, Tr., by Heinemann. 

The types figured are both males. There are six males and one female in the Museum 
collection. 

Teras piilverosana. (Plate LXI. fig. 7.) 

Teras pulverosana, Walh. Gat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 291. 
Sciaphila implexana, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 338. 

Palpi projecting about the length of the head beyond it, thickened in the middle; the 
apical joint short, depressed. Fore wings — with the costa rather abruptly arched near the 
base, straighter beyond; the apical margin oblique, slightly impressed below the apex — 
purplish cinereous, slightly irrorated with fuscous ; paler beneath, with two oblique angulated 
lines of slightly raised fuscous scales, the first before the middle forming the inner edge of an 
indistinct purplish-fuscous fascia; the second beyond the middle reaching the apical margin 
above the anal angle and enclosing the apical portion of the wing, which is indistinctly streaked 
and mottled with purplish fuscous. Hind wings paler, with a faint purplish tinge, indistinctly 
speckled transversely towards the costal margin. Type ? . Expanse of wings 19 millims. 

St. Martin's Falls, Albany River. Presented by Dr. Barnston. 

I have thought it desirable to figure this specimen, which, although nearly allied to the 
common Teras hastiana, Linn., and not in good condition, is probably the type of a smaller 
and distinct species, having perhaps also a wide range of variation. It is apparently darker 
than any of the specimens figured by Robinson in plate vii. of the ' Transactions of the 

B 2 



4 T011TE1CID.E. 

American Entomological Society ; ' bnt T have specimens from California which nearly ap- 
{iroach it. Some of these are now in the Museum collection. 

The other supposed North-American specimens placed by Walker in the genus Teras are 
as follows : — 

Teras rostrana, Walk. : see Plaiijnota rostrana, p. 5. 

vicariana, Walk., = LopoUema rosaceana, Harris. 

albaniana, Walk. : see Pandemis albaniana, p. 11. 

obsoletana, Walk. : see Lozotcenia obsoletana, p. 11. 

retradana, Walk. : the type of this species is labelled " Australia." 

subauratana, Walk., = " Crcesia? " reticulatana, Clem. 

tinctana, Walk., = Platynota flavedana, Clem. 

xanthoides, Walk. : see Cenopis? xanthoides, p. 20. 

hudsoniana, Walk., = Teras hastiana, Linn. ? 

directana, Walk. : see Cenopis directana, p. 17. 

caliginosana, Walk., = Teras hastiana, Linn. 

HENDECASTEMA*. r=^ (hyn6 ^ 

Caput vestitum. Palpi capite bis longiores utrinque a medio fastigati. Antenna 
J" utrinque pectinatce. Alee anticce latitudine plus quam bis longiores; costd prcecipue apud 
basin arcuatd, apice vise producto : ^ venis undecim singulis, vend septimd apud costani ante 
npicem finitd ; ? vend septimd furcatd, apice furcam interjacente. 

Head thickly clothed above and in front. Palpi twice as long as the head, thickened in 
the middle, the apical joint slightly depressed, tapering. Antennae pectinated on both sides 
in the male. Fore wings more than twice as long as wide, without a costal fold ; costa 
arched abruptly at the base ; apex scarcely produced ; apical margin not oblique, slightly 
concave below the apex : veins of the fore wings in the male eleven, branch 7 ending in the 
costal margin. The female slightly larger than the male and almost without ornamentation ; 
branch 7 of the fore wings forked before the apex, which lies between its two branches. 

This genus is separated from Lo^otcenia, H.-S., Heterognomon, Ld., &c. by the pectinated 
antennae and by the number of veins in the fore wings of the male ; differing in this latter 
character, as well as in the form of the wings themselves, from Amphisa, Curt., Dichelia, Gn., 
&c., in which genera veins 7 and 8 arise from a common pedicle in both sexes. 

Type Hendecastema cuneanum. 

Hendecastema cuneanum. (Plate LXI. figs. 8-10.) 

Head clothed with chestnut-brown scales above and in front : palpi chestnut-brown, the 

middle joint enlarged towards the end ; the apical joint slightly depressed, tapering to a 

blunt point : antennae dull straw-colour, strongly pectinated in the male on both sides : 

thorax and abdomen pale straw-colour, with a tuft of long hairs on each side behind the base 

* hceKa, eleven ; arrjun, vein. 



HENDECASTEMA. — PLATYNOTii. 5 

of the hind wings. Fore wings pale straw-colour ; the costa arched somewhat abruptly at the 
base, where there is a strong chestnut-brown shade : a wedge-shaped spot of a similar colour 
points outwards from the costa before the middle towards the anal angle ; a narrow chestnut- 
brown shade extends vertically downwards from the apex halfway along the apical margin, 
the v/ing thence being rounded off obliquely to the dorsal margin: cilia very pale straw- 
colour. Hind wings yellowish white, with a chestnut-brown shade at the apex. Legs pale 
straw-colour; the first pair of tarsi chestnut-brown above. The female slightly larger than 
the male ; fore wings unicolorous ochreous chestnut, hind wings yellowish white : antennae 
simple. 3 (J, 1 ? . Expanse of wings J* 30 millims., $ 33 millims. 

Var. adumlDranum. 

In this var. ^J the chestnut-coloured wedge-shaped mark on the costa is much occupied 
by dark fuscous scales, and it blends into a chestnut shade, which is continued along the costa 
to the apex, and downward through the wing to the dorsal margin beyond the middle, forming 
a sort of large irregular triangle, from the inner edge of which a slight projection extends 
towards the base of the wing along the fold. There is an oblique line of faint fuscous scales 
halfway between the costal wedge-shaped mark and the apex, reaching downwards towards 
the anal angle. The space between the thorax and the middle shade is of a more ochreous 
tint than the space beyond it above the anal angle, which is very pale straw-colour. The 
female has the fore wings darker than in the typical form, but nearly unicolorous ; a paler 
oblique fascia, scarcely perceptible beyond the middle ; the space above the anal angle also 
pale. 1 c?j 1 ? . Expanse of wings J" 30 millims., ? 33 millims. 

Both varieties of this species occur in the month of August, on the western slopes of 
Mount Shasta, California, at an elevation of about 6000 feet, among thickets of " Man- 
zanita," Arctostaphylos glauca (Lindl.), on which I have little doubt the larva feeds. In a 
considerable series I have met with no varieties intermediate between the two forms above 
described ; but it would be at least premature to consider them distinct species. 

PLATYITOTA, Clem. 

Platynota rostrana. (Plate LXII. fig. 1.) 

Teras rostrana, Wallc. Oat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 290. 
Teras restitutana, WalTc. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 292. 
Teras connexana, Walh. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 293. 

Palpi very long, projecting fully three times the length of the head beyond it; the second 
joint nearly three times as long as the apical joint, slightly enlarged towards its base, tapering 
forward : antennae simple. Fore wings — with the costa abruptly arched near the base, straight 
beyond, the apex not rounded; apical margin straight, not oblique — tawny fawn-colour, the 
whole surface streaked with very minute detached streaks of tawny-fuscous scales in broken 



I) ToirnuciD.E. 

uavy linos, some slightly raisod ; with a slender raised tawny-fuscous line from about 
tlie miikllo of the costa, bulged outward^ and i-nnning to the dorsal margin before the anal 
angle ; another from the costa before the apex to the anal angle^ nearly parallel to the apical 
margin, and a very slender similar line along the apical margin itself. Hind wings with a 
rufous tinge, very faintly mottled ; cilia paler. Underside of fore wings reddish ochreous. 
Type ? . Expanse of wings 30 raillims. 

"With a specimen from San Domingo and another from Ega are two specimens labelled 
" United States, Donbleday." A marginal note in the British Museum register, by Mr. E. 
Doubleday, states that the collection presented by him was made by himself in the United 
States in 1837-1838, '' with a few additions from other sources,^'' — I presume, North-American 
sources. In any case there seems to be no sufficient reason for doubting that two specimens 
of the species above described are from North America. 

The species is most nearly allied to " Tortrix " laterana, Rob. ; but whereas in Robinson's 
species the "central fascia is distinctly limited " and "filled in with blackish above and 
deep ferruginous below the middle," Walker's rostrana has the raised margins of the central 
fascia interrupted, and the interjacent space scarcely perceptibly darker than the ground- 
colour of the wing j moreover the general arrangement of the lines is not the same in both 
species, so far as I am able to judge from specimens in my own collection. Walker's descrip- 
tions of his three species — rostrana, restitutana, and connexana — will be found to be, almost 
word for word, the same, the only noticeable diflPerence being in the palpi. 

rostrana. " Third joint nearly half the length of the second." 

restitutana. " Third joint not more than one third the length of the second." 

connexana. "Third joint not more than one fourth the length of the second." 

I have been unable to perceive these differences in his type specimens, which appear to belong 
without doubt to one and the same species. 



CACffiCIA, Hub. 

Cacoecia patulana. (Plate LXI. fig. 1.) 

Tortrix patulana, WnVc Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 325. 

Palpi short, thickened in the middle, projecting nearly the length of the head beyond it; 
together with the head brownish ochreous : antennae with the basal joint thickened, paler. 
Fore wings — with the costa rounded towards the base, deeply impressed beyond the middle ; 
the apex produced, subfalcate ; the apical margin concave below the apex — shining pale reddish 
straw-colour, thickly covered with minute detached transverse streaks of slightly raised black 
and chestnut-brown scales : three subobsolete, abbreviated, oblique chestnut-brown fasciae 
are faintly indicated — the first very indistinct near the base; the second from the middle of 
the costa ; and the third beyond it, followed by four minute very oblique black streaklets in 
the depressed portion of the costa : cilia at the apex chestnut-brown, below it paler. H[ind 
wings very pale straw-colour, tinged with reddish towards the apical margin. Underside of 



CACCECIA. 7 

the fore wings reddish straw-colour, of the hind wings paler; both with scattered black 
streaklets along the costal margin. Type $ . Expanse of wings 39 millims. 
Oajaca, Mexico. From Mr. Salle's collection. 

This species, which seems to be a true Oacoecia, should properly have been figured on 
Plate LXII., among the other species of that genus. 



Caccecia semiferana. (Plate LXII. figs. 2 & 3.) 

Lophoderus ? semiferanus, WaVc. Cat. Lep. Hct. xxviii. p. 386. 
Tortrix flaccidana, B,oh. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. pi. vi. fig. 53, p. 277. 
Tortrix (Lozotsenia) flaccidana, Zell. Verh. z.-b. Gcs. Wien, xxv. p. 219. 

Fore wings — fully twice as long as wide, with the costa arched at the base, concave 
beyond the middle, with a well-developed appressed costal fold in the male ; apex produced ; 
apical margin scarcely indented below the apex — reddish chestnut, with shining whitish 
ochreous spots and markings containing some silvery scales : an irregular whitish ochreous 
oblique fascia, angulated at its outer edge below the middle, forms the external margin of a 
rather mottled basal patch ; beyond it, about the middle of the costa, is a triangular whitish 
ochreous spot, followed by two irregular spots of the same colour tending towards the anal 
angle, giving the appearance of an oblique fascia broken up into three parts, the middle part 
preceded by a spot of fuscous scales at the end of the cell : beyond the median costal spot 
are four smaller spots, also on the costa, the third from the apex being the most conspicuous : 
cilia pale whitish ochreous. Thorax and abdomen whitish ochreous. Hind wings pale reddish 
chestnut. The anal appendages large and hirsute. Type ^J . Expanse of wings 20 millims. 

The locality of Walker's type is not known ; but it agrees precisely with Robinson's 
figure, who gives Texas as the habitat of the species. I have several specimens from Texas 
in my own cabinet (some now added to the national collection), which, although exhibiting 
some variation from the original type, are probably correctly referred to this species. 

The very decided costal fold in the male seems to separate this species from the genus 
Lo^otcenia according to Heinemann's limitation, to which reference is made in the remarks 
which follow the description of Caccecia argyrospila. 

I have thought it desirable to figure a variety of this species received from Canada, which 
approaches somewhat nearly to the Texan varieties mentioned above, but is perhaps even 
more deprived of the typical markings. 

In this specimen, a male, the palpi (which are missing in the type) are slender, not 
profusely clothed, having the apical joint exposed; the antennae strongly pubescent. The 
fore wings pale yellowish fawn-colour, shaded with brown towards the costa and 
with scattered fuscous scales towards the apical margin ; four very pale yellowish-fawn 
spots on the costa, the first rather triangular scarcely beyond the middle, the last two 
towards the apex containing some silvery scales posteriorly; a spot of fuscous scales at 
the end of the cell is followed by a pale shining dash. The fasciseform arrangement of the 
pale markings in the type is completely lost in this variety. The dorsal margin is touched 



8 TOllTEICID.E. 

with fuscous iuuncdiiitoly before the anal aug-lc ; cilia shining ochreous gYGj. Hind wings 
paU^ brownish ochreous, with slightly paler cilia. Expanse of wings 20millims. 

Cacoecia transiturana. (Plate LXII. fig. 4.) 

Cacoooia transiturana. Wall-. Oat. Lep. Hct. xxviii. ^. 312. 
Tortrix sanbornaiia, lioh. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. ^il. i. fig. 8. 

Palpi short, reddish ochreous, the apical joint obtuse. Head, antennae, and fore wings 
reddish ochreous; the latter with minute transverse irregular reddish-brown streaks, the 
most conspicuous of these forming the inner margin of an oblique subobsolete central fascia, 
which contains some purplish-fuscous scales towards the costa and below the middle, and 
reaches the dorsal margin before the anal angle. Beyond the middle of the costa is a spot 
also containing a shade of purplish fuscous, and indicating a subobsolete abbreviated fascia 
pointing towards the apical margin above the anal angle ; there is also a subobsolete 
outwardly obliqiie basal patch, indented above the middle. Hind wings pale greyish ochreous, 
darker towards the abdominal margin : cilia concolorous, but very shining. Type ? . Ex- 
panse of the wings 26 millims. 

North America. From Mr. Carter^s collection. 

Robinson gives Texas, Florida, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New York as localities 
for the species. 

Cacoecia argyrospila. (Plate LXII. figs. 5 & 6.) 

Eetinia argyrospila, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 373. 
Tortrix furvana, Roh. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. pi. i. fig. 9, p. 265. 
Tortrix (Lozotsenia) furvana, Zell. Verh. z.-h. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 219. 

Head and palpi brownish ochreous ; thorax and antennae deep brownish red. Fore wings 
— with the costa arched to the middle, flattened towards the apex ; an appressed costal fold 
at the base in the male; the apical margin not indented, slightly oblique — deep brownish red, 
with several paler transverse streaks and mottlings, especially noticeable above the anal 
angle and before the middle of the dorsal margin ; with three conspicuous shining yellowish- 
white costal spots — the first halfway between the middle and the base of the wing, elongate 
oblique, abruptly terminated on the upper edge of the cell ; the second triangular (not oblique 
or fasciseform, as in some varieties of the same species from California), interrupted on the 
costa by one or two minute reddish-brown costal dots ; the third near the apex, smaller than 
the preceding ones, blending into a pale streak before the apical margin. Hiud wings 
brownish fuscous, with a reddish tinge towards the apex. Expanse of wings 20 millims. 

In paler varieties, such as fig. 6, the reddish-brown colour is restricted to an oblique 
median fascia, a costal spot, and an indistinctly mottled basal patch, all possible intermediate 
gradations being met with. 



CACCECIA. 9 

Type ? (fig. 5) : Georgia, from Mr. Milne's collection. Var. ^ (fig. 6) : May 19, 1871, 
near San Francisco. 

I should have been inclined to follow Prof. Zeller in placing this species in the genus 
Lo^otcenia, on account of the apex not being produced as in most species of Caccecia ; but it 
cannot be said to have only a weak costal fold^ " sehr schwachem Umschlage und zuriick- 
gestrichener Behaarung an demselben,'' which is considered by Heinemann (p. 31) to be 
characteristic of Lo^otcunia, the fold in this species being very decided. 

The species also occurred about Mendocino in the middle of June, and as far north as 
Mount Shasta in August. One specimen emerged on the 31st of June from a pupa found a 
few days previously between united \e&-ves oi jEsculus californica (Nutt,), the Californian 
horse-chestnut. 

It is widely distributed — Missouri, Ohio, Massachusetts, New York, and Texas being 
given as localities for it by Zeller and Robinson. 

There are now five males and one female in the collection, besides the two named above. 



Caccecia georgiana. (Plate LXII. fig. 7.) 

Eetinia georgiana, Wallc. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 372. 

Tortrix georgiana, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. pi. i. fig. 4, vol. i. p. 15. 

Palpi projecting nearly the length of the head beyond it, together with the head reddish 
ochreous, the short apical joint exposed : antennae dull reddish ochreous, pubescent in the 
male. Fore wings — with appressed costal fold at the base in the male ; the costa rounded 
towards the base; apex rounded; apical margin convex — bright reddish chestnut, with 
shining pinkish ochreous bands and mottlings ; a wide basal patch, its external margin out- 
wardly angulated at the middle, consists of three parallel shining pinkish ochreous fasciae 
widening in equal gradations from the base ; a rather narrow oblique fascia of the same 
colour, from the middle of the costa running to the anal angle, is divided about the middle 
into three separate branches, all reaching the dorsal margin, the first only being narrowly 
interrupted below the middle (in some varieties these three branches become detached and 
form separate spots) ; one or more pinkish ochreous streaks cross the apical portion of the 
wing from the costa to the apical margin : cilia pinkish ochreous. Hind wings brown, with 
pale ochreous cilia. Type 2 . Expanse of wings 23 millims. 

Georgia. From Mr. Milne's collection. 

In the above description I have departed from the usual custom in taking the darker 
shade to be the ground-colour. 

The other North- American specimens, placed by Walker in the genus Cacoecia are as 
follows : — 

Cacoecia fervidana, Walk., = Lozotania rileyana, Grote. 
(name preoccupied). 

triferana, Walk. : see Lophoderus triferanus, p. 15. 

— — ? velutinana, Walk., = Lophoderus triferanus, p. 15. 



10 TOETEICIDiE. 

PTYCHOLOMA, Sfph. 

Ptycholoma melaleucanum. (Plate LXII. fig. 8.) 

Lopliodcrus melaleucanus, Walk. Cat. Le}.K Ilet. xxviii. p. 335, 

Conchylis inTcxaiia, Walk. Cat. Lep. Ret. xxviii, p, 359. 

rtycholoma? scmifuscana, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 519 ; Grote Sf Mob. Ins. Tracts N. A. 

i. p. 18, 
Tortrix melaleucana, Bob. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. pi. iv, fig. 29, p. 271, 
Tortrijs; (Ptyclioloma) melaleucana, Zell. Verh. z.-b. Oes. Wien, xxv, p. 223. 

Palpi projecting less than the length of the head beyond it; the second joint clothed, 
obtusely thickened; apical joint short, exposed: antennae of the male slightly pubescent. 
Fore wings — with the costa arched ; an appressed costal fold at the base in the male, a tuft of 
long yellowish hairs projecting from the base of the costal fold; apical margin obliquely 
convex — pale shining whitish straw-colour, with lustrous metallic streaks and spots, white 
towards the costal and apical margins, steel-blue on the darker portions of the wing towards 
the dorsal margin ; a wide umber-brown dorsal patch extending from before the anal angle 
to the middle of the dorsal margin, and thence, with a slight interruption, less distinctly to 
the base of the wing ; the base of the costal fold in the male is also shaded with umber- 
brown ; and a spot of the same colour lies beyond the middle of the costa in both sexes : 
these umber markings are all surrounded by a diffused margin of bright yellow, which 
extends to the costa at a point a little before the middle. Hind wings greyish fuscous, with 
whitish cilia. Expanse of wings <S 18 millims., $ 21 millims. 

North America. From Mr. Carter's collection. Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Maine 
{teste Robinson), Ohio {teste Zeller), 

HETEROGNOMON, Led. 

Heterognomon conflictanus. (Plate LXII. fig. 9.) 

Tortrix conflictana, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 323. 

Palpi stone-grey, projecting about the length of the head beyond it; apical joint exposed, 
short : antennae stone-grey, slightly pubescent in the male. Fore wings more than twice as 
long as wide — with the costa abruptly arched near the base, without a costal fold in the male ; 
the apical margin convex, rather oblique — dark purplish grey, with some slender purplish- 
fuscous transverse streaks, especially on the apical portion of the wing ; an indistinct purplish- 
fuscous oblique central fascia, much widened at and below the middle^ protruding on the 
middle of its outer edge, where it is indistinctly connected with a costal spot of the same 
colour beyond the middle; an obliquely outer-margined basal patch is also indistinctly 
indicated. Hind wings brownish fuscous, with paler cilia. 2 6,7 2 . Expanse of wings 
cJ 26 millims., $ 30 millims. 

St. Martin's Falls, Albany River, Hudson's Bay. Presented by Dr. Barnston. 



HETEEOGNOMON.— LOZOT^NIA. 11 

Walker places this species in the genus Tortrix, Linn.^ and with it the following : — 

Tortrix frigidana, Walk., = Sarrothripa, sp. (probably revayana) , and should be 
classed with Noctuidce. 

scriptana, Walk. The same remarks apply to this specimen. 

concursana, Walk., = Platynota flavedana, Clem. 

■ patulana, Walk. : see Cacoecia patulana, p. 6. 

PANDEMIS, Hub. 

Pandemis albaniana. (Plate LXII. fig. 10.) 

Teras albaniana, Wallc Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 288. 

Tortrix lamprosana ?, Boh. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. vol. ii. p, 264, pi. i. fig. 5. 

Palpi short_, projecting less than the length of the head beyond it : antennae of male 
scarcely pubescent, notched at the base. Eore wings — with the costa arched more especially 
towards the base ; apex slightly produced ; apical margin concave — pale testaceous, with 
reddish fawn- brown markings, consisting of an almost obsolete outwardly angulated basal 
patch, a central fascia dilated at the middle and towards the dorsal margin, and an apical 
patch chiefly conspicuous towards the costa, with several transverse interjacent streaks of the 
same colour. Hind wings rather yellowish white. Type d" . Expanse of wings 23 millims. 

St. Martinis Falls, Albany River, Hudson^s Bay. Presented by Dr. Barnston. 

I also met with the species in California from May to July 1871. Walker^s specimen is 
in bad condition, but appears to agree with Robinson's figure of T. lamprosana ; the basal 
patch, however, is too much rubbed to admit of an accurate comparison. In my Californian 
specimens, of which one male and one female are now in the British Museum, this is slightly 
more angulated than in the figure. 

X 
LO^OT^NIA, H.-S. 

Lozotaenia ohsoletana. (Plate LXIII. fig. 1.) 

Teras obsoletana, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 288. 

LozotaBnia vesperana, Clem. Proc. Hhit. Soc. Phil. v. p. 136. 

Tortrix vesperana, Rob. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. vol. ii. pi. i. fig. 12, p. 266. 

Palpi very short, scarcely projecting beyond the head; apical joint exposed. Fore 
wings — vrith the costa much rounded, especially towards the base ; apex rounded ; apical 
margin convex ; dorsal margin bulged at the base, straight beyond — sericeous, pale reddish 
straw-colour, with an indistinct reddish-brown basal patch, serrated at its outward edge; 
a narrow, oblique, pale reddish-brown central fascia from before the middle of the costa to 
beyond the middle of the dorsal margin ; a second abbreviated fascia beyond the middle, and 
some minute dots along the apical margin of the same colour : underside very shining 
subdued straw-colour : cilia especially shining. Hind wings whitish grey, with slightly paler 
cilia. Type ^J . Expanse of wings 20 millims. 

c2 



12 TOETEICIDJ?:. 

North America. From Mr. Carter's collection. Robinson gives Massachusetts, Texas, 
New York, and Philadelphia as localities. 

This is one of several instances in which Mr. Walker has described the outer margin as 
convex M'herc it is rather concave. I can only account for this by supposing that he has 
described the appearance given to it by the cilia, which may often deceive the eye as to the 
actual shape of the wing-margin. 

Lozotsenia fucana. (Plate LXIII. fig. 3.) 

Head, thorax, palpi, and antennae greyish ochreous : abdomen yellowish grey. Fore 
wings — with the costa evenly rounded, the apical margin not oblique, the costa slightly bent 
over towards the middle, but not folded in the male — glossy pale ochreous or straw-colour, with 
a patch of rusty-brown scales towards the base : an oblique brown fascia commences before 
the middle of the costa, and runs to beyond the middle of the dorsal margin; this fascia 
is enlarged on its outer edge by a projection following the upper and outer margins of 
the cell : the veins are indicated towards the apical margin by fine lines of the same colour ; 
and there is a small patch towards the apex, wider at the costa than beneath it : cilia glossy, 
pale ochreous. Hind wings white. A variety (not figured) has the fore wings glossy yellowish 
ferruginous, the costal patch and fascia indicated in rusty brown ; hind wings whitish, 
slightly spotted and dusted with pale fuscous. 4 ^ . Expanse of wings 20 millims. 

Southern Oregon, middle of May 1873. 

This species diflPers from Caccecia costana of Europe, to which at first sight it would seem 
to be allied, principally in the brown shade or fascia being carried conspicuously quite across 
the wing instead of being partially obsolete below the middle as in that species, as well as in 
the absence of any decided costal fold in the male, which (in following Heinemann) would be 
required to class it with that species and C. semialbana in the genus Caccecia. 

Lozotsenia retiniana. (Plate LXIII. fig. 3.) 

Head, thorax, and palpi brownish ochreous : palpi very short, ascending ; the apical 
joint slightly depressed : antennae brownish pubescent. Fore wings — with the costa rather 
straight, slightly bent over along the middle, but without any decided fold ; apical margin 
convex, scarcely oblique — stramineous ochreous, much reticulated, with slightly raised ferru- 
ginous brown streaks and spots, between some of which they are more or less suffused with 
light reddish brown (1st) on the basal portion of the wing, (3ndly) at the costa before and 
beyond the middle, (3rdly) on the dorsal margin within the anal angle, and (4thly) above the 
middle of the wing towards the apical margin, which has a row of ferruginous brown spots 
running parallel to it. Hind wings and cilia greyish fuscous. The underside of all the wings 
greyish fuscous, somewhat spotted with pale ochreous along the costal margins. 1 ^ . Ex- 
panse of wings 25 millims. 

Mount Shasta, California, August 1871. 



LOZOTiENIA. 13 

Lozotsenia retana. (Plate LXIII. fig. 4.) 

Palpi very short, scarcely projecting beyond the head ; apical joint slender, exposed, 
together with the liead and antennae yellowish ochreous : thorax yellowish, inclining to 
reddish ochreous, with some pale yellow appressed scales posteriorly ; a tuft of long whitish 
hairs on each side at the base of the abdomen. Fore wings — with the costa slightly arched 
(without a costal fold in the male) ; apex rounded ; apical margin convex — pale golden yellow, 
with an irregularly margined basal patch widely reticulated with ferruginous lines, its outer 
half tinged with pinkish ochreous, and an oblique pinkish ochreous central fascia, interrupted 
above the middle and narrowly margined with ferruginous, irregulai'ly connected with a dorsal 
spot of the same colour between them ; beyond these is another irregular fascia of the same 
colour, margined with ferruginous, curved downwards towards the anal angle, and not reaching 
the apical margin ; some ferruginous spots or streaks crossing the apex, the whole having a 
widely reticulated appearance. Hind wings and cilia yellowish white. 2 cJ , 1 ? . Expanse 
of wings 18 millims. 

Texas. 

Allied to " Tortrix" houstonana, Grote (Bull. Buff. Soc. i. p. 15, pi. i. fig. 5), of which 
it may prove to be a variety, although it differs from Grote's figure in the absence of the 
central shade along the cell and in the presence of a more decided fascia. 

Lozotaenia franciscana. (Plate LXIII. fig. 5.) 

Antennae pubescent, annulated with white and pale brownish fuscous : head, thorax, 
palpi, and fore wings whitish, the latter more or less irrorated or suffused with pale brownish 
fuscous, with an ill-defined and indistinct patch at the base of the wing ; an oblique fascia from 
before the middle of the costa to within the anal angle, a triangular spot at the costa beyond 
the middle, and a slight shade along the apical margin ; all minutely irrorated with brownish- 
fuscous scales disposed in slender lines. Hind wings very pale brownish fuscous ; the cilia 
whitish. Some specimens are much darker than others, the spaces between the dark markings 
being more suffused with subfuscous scales. 2 ^ . Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

May 16, 1871, San Francisco. 

Taken amongst plants of wild Lupin on the sand hills. 

Lozotaenia glaucana. (Plate LXIII. tig. 6.) 

Head, thorax, antennae, and palpi brownish grey ; the palpi with the second joint thickly 
clothed with greyish scales, somewhat projecting above the base of the short apical joint. Fore 
wings — with the costa arched before the middle and slightly indented before the apex ; the 
apical margin oblique — shining pale brownish grey, sometimes minutely speckled transversely 
with brownish fuscous ; a narrow, indistinct, brownish -fuscous fascia before the middle, 
chiefly visible at the costa, sharply angulated internally below the middle of the wing ; a long 



14 TOETEICID.E. 

semiovate spot of tlic same colour along the costa halfway between the fascia and the apex : 
oilia scarcely paler than the ground-colour of the wing : the underside with a slight ochreous 
tinge along the costa. Hind wings whitish, dusted and speckled with pale brownish fuscous, 
especially towards the margin. Abdomen whitish grey ; anal tuft large, with a slight ochreous 
tinge. 2 (J , 1 ? . Expanse of wings 15^ millims. 
Southern Oregon, about the middle of May 1872. 

Allied to L. sescuplana, Zell., but larger, darker, and more distinctly marked. I have 
specimens of the true L. sescuplana from Shasta County, California, taken at the end of July 
1871, as well as some received from Texas, of which specimens are now in the British- Museum 
collection. 

LOPHODEEUS, Stph. 
Lophoderus gloveranus. (Plate LXIII. fig. 7.) 

Head whitish grey, thickly clothed above and in front ; palpi whitish grey, brownish at 
the sides, projecting the length of the head beyond it : antennae slightly pubescent : thorax 
with a raised ferruginous tuft of scales at the back ; patagia of the same colour. Fore wings 
— with the costa arched ; apical margin very oblique, slightly emarginate below the apex — 
rather shining leaden grey, with a ferruginous patch at the base extending over one fourth of 
the wing, externally margined with brownish fuscous; an irregular, waved, greyish-fuscous 
fascia about the middle, clearly defined only on its inner edge ; beyond and before it are some 
transverse streaks and lines of brownish fuscous, especially towards the apex ; the apical 
portion of the costa clothed with brownish fuscous, and some streaks of the same colour 
running through the grey cilia. Hind wings pale brownish fuscous ; cilia paler. 1 ^ . 
Expanse of wings 19 millims. 

Near Mount Shasta, California, Sept. 3rd, 1871. 

This species appears to differ from the genus Lophoderus, as defined by Stephens, in 
having the apical margin of the wing slightly indented or emarginate below the apex ; but as it 
agrees in all other particulars, it may perhaps be placed in that genus, at least provisionally. 
I have named it in honour of Prof. Glover, of the Smithsonian Institute at Washington, who, 
at the time of my visit in 1871, was most assiduously engaged in entomological work, and to 
whose kindness I am much indebted. 

Lophoderus aflflictanus. (Plate LXIII. fig. 8.) 

Sciaphila afflictana, Walh. Gat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 337. 

Lozotsenia fuseolineana, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. v. p. 137. 

Tortrix fuscolineaua, Eoh. Trans. Am, Ent. Soc. ii. pi. i. fig. 11, p. 266. 

Palpi projecting less than the length of the head beyond it, dingy grey ; antennae the 
same. Fore wings — with the costa arched, with a fold or flap near the base in the male, not 
closely appressed ; apical margin oblique, not concave — pale ashy grey, with minute wavy 



LOPHODERUS. 15 

transverse fuscous streaks ; an angulated greyish-fuscous fascia near the base, narrowly mar- 
gined with darker fuscous, a rather oblique greyish-fuscous central fascia also narrowly dark- 
margined, and an apical patch of the same colour reaching nearly to the anal angle. Hind 
wings pale greyish fuscous, with whitish grey cilia. The male is slightly larger, with the fasciae 
more distinct and conspicuous. Type S . Expanse of wings 19 millims. 
Nova Scotia. From Lieut. Redman^s collection. 

Robinson gives Virginia and Massachusetts as localities. I have two females bred from 
larvae found hanging from shoots of fir at the beginning of August 1871 on Mount Shasta, 
California, which emerged at the end of the same month ; one is now in the British Museum. 

Lophoderus triferanus. (Plate LXIII. fig. 9.) 

Cacoecia triferana 5 , Walk. Cat. Lejo. Het. xxviii. p. 313. 

Cacoecia velutinana c? , Wallc. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 314 ; Orote Sf Boh. Tr. Am. Ent, Soc. vol. ii. p. 83. 
Tortrix lutosana c? , Clem. Proc. Ent. Soe. Phil. v. p. 138 ; Bob. Trans. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 279, pi. vi. f. 59. 
Tortrix (Lophoderus) lutosana, Zell. Verh. z.-h. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 225. 

Tortrix incertana 5 , Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. v. p. 138 ; Boh. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 278, 
pi. vi. figs. 57, 58 ; PacJc. Mass. Board Ag. 1870. 

Palpi extending about the length of the head beyond it; the apical joint short, exposed; 
these, together with the head, dull reddish ochreous : antennae scarcely pubescent. Fore 
wings — vidth the costa arched towards the base, apex not produced, apical margin convex — 
pale reddish towards the base, with a brownish-fuscous irregular-shaped elongate spot ex- 
ternally pale-margined at the base of the dorsal margin ; a wide, oblique, central fascia, deep 
brownish red, margined on both sides by a narrow shining pale line, and having an inden- 
tation on its inner side above the middle ; a brownish-fuscous triangular costal spot beyond 
the middle is preceded by a purplish shade, and followed by a shining silvery patch adjacent 
to the apical margin, reaching to the anal angle and containing a few ochreous and fuscous 
scales : cilia shining reddish ochreous. Hind wings pale greyish fuscous ; cilia paler. In 
the male C velutinana, Walk. {T. lutosana, Clem.), which is somewhat smaller than the female, 
the central fascia is narrower and more deeply indented on its inner edge below the costa ; 
the basal patch is more constricted below the middle, and the costa is somewhat less arched 
towards the base. Type $ . Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

North America. From Mr. Carter's collection. Robinson gives Massachusetts, New 
York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio as localities. 

Prof. Zeller (Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 237), after giving most careful comparative 
descriptions, expresses the opinion that T. lutosana, Clem., is not specifically distinct from 
T, incertana, Clem., and that the two together are not distinct ivoro. politana. Haw. Grote 
and Robinson {I. c.) point out that C. velutinana. Walk., is the same as triferana, Walk. 
A careful comparison of Walker^'s types shows that his triferana is the form described as incer- 
tana by Clemens, and that his velutinana is equivalent to lutosana. Messrs. Grote and 
Robinson are therefore in accord with Professor Zeller in regarding these two as forms of 
the same species. 



IG T0ETEIC1D.E. 

I should have been content to drop Walker's two names in favour of poUtana, Haw., being 
thus guided entirely by Zeller ; but he seems to state his views rather as opinions only, than 
as conclusions which need -ixo further verification. Finding it impossible to conceive that 
Herrich-ScliUffer's figure (4'13) of lepidana, H.-S.j which is a synonym oi politana, Haw., 
and Robinson's figures of incertana and lutosana, could have been intended for the same 
species, I have carefully compared specimens of these latter with a large series of the European 
politana, of which, however, I have no German specimens. With the exception of some few 
varieties, which do not approach the American forms, the whole of the series-agree well with 
Herrich-Schaffer's figure, but not with those of Robinson nor with my American examples. 
I have therefore been induced to retain. Walker's name for the present, until some further 
evidence is brought to bear upon the matter. Walker's specimen of triferana is a female, 
not a male, as stated by him in his catalogue ; his two specimens of velutinana are both males. 

Walker's other North- American species are : — 

Lophoderus"^ semiferanus, Walk. : see Caccecia semiferana, p. 7. 

vestitanus, Walk., of which the type is missing in the British-Museum collection. 

melaleucanus , Walk. : see Ptycholoma melaleucanum, p. 10. 



(ENECTRA, Guen. 
(Enectra inconditana. (Plate LXIII. fig. 10.) 

Head and thorax ochreous ; palpi oehreous, slightly brownish at the sides ; antennae 
brownish ochreous, ciliated on both sides in the male. Fore wings not more than twice as 
long as wide — with the eosta rounded at the base, slightly arched beyond it ; the apex slightly 
produced ; the apical margin nearly straight — together with the cilia unicolorous oehreous, 
with a slight brownish shade at the base of the eosta. Hind wings and cilia whitish ochreous. 
Underside of all the wings tinged and faintly reticulated with bright saffron towards the 
margins. Legs and abdomen pale ochreous, saffron beneath. 3 (J, 1 $ . Expanse of 
wings 20 millims. 

Pitt River, California, July 26, 1871, and Rouge River, S. Oregon, May 1872. 

(Enectra rudana. (Plate LXIV. figs. 1 & 2.) 

Palpi chestnut-brown, paler beneath, nearly three times the length of the head ; head, 
thorax, and abdomen somewhat paler j antennae pubescent in the male. Fore wings — with 
the eosta nearly straight, apex acute — ochreous or straw-colour ; the eosta brown at the base, 
with a brownish-purple abbreviated fascia, of varying length, extending from the eosta before 
the middle obliquely outwards towards the dorsal. margin; a wide spot of the same colour at 
the eosta, beyond the middle, may sometimes be traced by a row of dots in a crescent across the 
cell, which in one variety are reduplicated towards the apical margin ; a faint chestnut-brown 
shade runs along the apical margin within the cilia, which are slightly paler than the wings : 



CENECTEA.— CENOPIS. 17 

the underside of the fore wings greyish fuscouSj sometimes tinged with ochreous along the 
margins. Hind wings greyish fuscous. 4 ? . Expanse of wings 22 millims. 

May and June^ near San Francisco^ 1871 ; one specimen occurring near Rouge River^ 
Oregon, May 1872. 

Var. a. (Plate LXIV. fig. 2.) 

Head, thorax, palpi, and fore wings entirely suffused with chestnut-brown ; the half- 
fascia and costal spot more or less faintly indicated in a purplish tinge. In the brighter and 
more ochreous specimens the legs are often ochreous, except the first pair of tibiae, which are 
darker above ; but in the darker specimens the legs are of the same dusky shade as the whole 
underside of the wings. 2 (^ . 

May 17th, 1872, Petaluma, near San Francisco. 

(Enectra senecionana. (Plate LXIV. fig. 3.) 

Antennae strongly pubescent in the male : head, palpi, thorax, and fore wings ochreous 
yellow, with an oblique pale purplish chestnut fascia before the middle of the costa, not 
reaching the dorsal margin ; a shade of the same colour extending from beyond the middle of 
the costa over the whole apical third of the wing, sinuated on its inner margin, and sometimes 
interrupted by the pale ground-colour between the veins, within and parallel to the apical 
margin. The female has the fore wings usually unicolorous pale ochreous chestnut, the fascia 
and apical shade faintly indicated by a purplish hue : hind wings pale cinereous ochreous, 
sometimes with a rosy tinge. 3 c^, 2 ? . Expanse of wings 16-19 millims. 

This species occurred from June 20th to August 6th, from Lake County to Mount Shasta, 
California; and again at the beginning of May, in Southern Oregon. I bred one specimen 
from a larva found feeding on a species of Senecio in May, which emerged early in June. 



CENOPIS, Zell. 

Cenopis directana. (Plate LXIV. fig. 4.) 

Teras directana, Walh. Gat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 309. 

? Cenopis testulana, Zell. Verh.z.-h. Ges. Wien, sxv. p. 241, 

Palpi reddish brown, projecting more than the length of the head beyond it; the second 
joint thickened towards its base, and tapering towards the short conical apical joint : head 
thickly clothed, together with the antennae reddish brown : thorax reddish brown in front, 
ochreous behind. Fore wings more than twice as long as wide — the costa evenly arched ; apex 
obtusely rounded ; apical margin rather convex, not oblique — deep orange ochreous, minutely 
irrorated with greenish metallic scales, with an oblique, slender, brownish-purple fascia dilated 
towards the costa before the middle, and reaching the middle of the dorsal margin ; an 

n 



IS TOETElClDiE. 

irregiilarly triaiigixlai' brownish-purple costal spot beyond tlie middle^ merging into and 
followed by se^•eral slender transverse purplish streaks across the apical portion of the wing : 
cilia shining })ale ochrcous, shot with purplish. Hind wings shining brownish ochreous. 
Expanse of wings 20 niillims. 

This appears to be a pale variety of a species from Texas, which I am assured by Prof. 
Fcrnald, who has seen the type, is Cenopis testulana of Zeller (Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. 
p. 341). I can detect no difference between the specimens except in the generally paler hue, 
especially of the ground-colour of the wing, in Walker^s example, for which, unfortunately, no 
locality is given. One of my dark Texan specimens is now in the British-Museum, 



Cenopis gracilana. (Plate LXIV. fig. 5.) 

Head, palpi, antennae, and fore wings stramineous ochreous, the latter with a narrow 
oblique purplish-fuscous fascia running from before the middle of the costa to the middle of 
the dorsal margin, dilated at both extremities. Slightly beyond the middle of the costa is a 
slender angulated line of the same colour, which crosses the wing to a point opposite to the 
middle of the apical margin, whence it is bent downwards, reaching the dorsal margin 
before the anal angle ; the costa is faintly speckled with reddish ochreous, as is also the 
apical portion of the wing beyond the angulated line ; the cilia and apical margin reddish 
ochreous. Hind wings greyish white, the cilia having a faint yellowish tinge. Type ? . 
Expanse of wings 21 millims. 

This species differs from " Crcesia ?" reticulatana, Clem. (Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phil. 1860, 
p. 353), to which it is allied, chiefly in the form of the angulated line, which is not bent above 
the middle, and in the absence of any dark shading beyond it or attached to it. The fascia 
also is less oblique. I have seen no other specimen but the one above described, which was 
originally given to me by Monsieur de Heidemann, of St. Petersburg, who had received it from 
New York. 



Cenopis diluticostana. (Plate LXIV. fig. 6.) 

Head, palpi, and antennse dull reddish ochreous. Fore wings more than twice as long as 
wide — with the costa arched ; apical margin not convex, dorsal margin scarcely rounded — 
chestnut-brown, paler (with a yellowish tinge) towards the costa, which is purplish brown at 
the base, with three purplish-brown fasciae ; the first before the middle oblique, dilated towards 
the costa, becoming obsolete towards the dorsal margin ; the second beyond the middle, 
narrower, curved outwardly from beneath the costa, and reaching to the anal angle; the third 
covering the apex and apical margin nearly to the anal angle. Hind wings grey. 1 ^ . 
Expanse of wings 13 lines. 

From the Eastern States of North America. 



CENOPIS. 19 

Cenopis niveana. (Plate LXIV. fig. 7.) 

Palpi about twice the length of the head, reddish brown beneath, pale greenish yellow 
above; the second joint depressed, exposed: head and thorax pale greenish yellow. Fore 
wings bright shining white, suffused with reddish brown, shot with bright purple over two 
thirds of their surface, leaving only a conspicuous costal spot, a short basal patch, with a 
projecting angle at the upper edge of the cell, and a wide band over the cilia and apical 
margin ; the suffused portion of the wing has a mottled appearance on the dorsal half as of 
the white ground-colour partly appearing through the shading ; two small reddish-brown 
spots on the costa near the base of the wing. Hind wings suffused with very pale ochreous 
brown over all their surface, except the shining Avhite margins and cilia ; underside white, 
the red markings showing through the wing over the whole middle surface. Expanse of 
wings 23 millims. 

Canada. 

I have not had an opportunity of comparing this species with Tortrix alisellana, Rob. 
(Trans. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 265, pi. i. fig. 15), to which it is nearly allied. That species, 
however, has not been described as being variable; and the Canadian form figured in this 
volume differs decidedly from Robinson's figure in the extent and arrangement of the white 
spaces on the fore wings ; but it is possible that it may prove to be only a variety of Robinson^'s 
species, which is from Ohio. 

Cenopis pulcherrimana. (Plate LXIV. fig. 8.) Q^aJuMa^^ 

Palpi scarcely twice as long as the head; both pale yellow straw-colour; antennae tinged 
with chestnut-brown. Fore wings — with the costa abruptly arched at the base, nearly straight 
beyond, slightly rounded at the apex; the apical margin convex; the dorsal margin bulged at 
the base, straight beyond — pale yellow straw-colour, suffused over a great part of their surface 
with pale chestnut-brown, such parts having a slightly mottled appearance. The pure ground- 
colour of the wing appears only in a large triangular costal spot extending from near the base 
to beyond the middle, in a smaller spot near the base of the dorsal margin, and on the apical 
margin, where it forms an ovate blotch. Hind wings shining white. 1 ?. Expanse of 
wings 17 millims. 

From Texas. ^ „ 

Cenopis demissana. (Plate LXIV. fig. 9.) ^JicJU£i''<K 

Palpi, head, and antennae ochreous, more or less shaded with fuscous. Fore wings twice 

as long as wide — with the costa abruptly arched near the base ; the apical margin oblique, not 

indented; the dorsal margin rounded — ochreous straw-colour, with a faintly reticulated 

appearance, having an indistinct ochreous spot at the end of the cell. Hind wings very pale 

straw-colour, tinged along the apical margin with ochreous. 1 $ ,% ? . Expanse of wings 

7-8 1 lines. 

Texas. 

D 2 



20 TORTEICID.E. 

Cenopis (?) xanthoides. (Plate LXIV. fig. 10.) ^'[K JpMC/M,< 

Bogimna xantlioidcs, ^Y(l^k. Cat. Lep, Het. xxvii. p. 190. 
Teras xantlioidcs, WaVc. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 290, 
Loptoris brcvionuitana, Clem. Froc. Eat. Soc. Phil. v. p. 140. 

Head and palpi oclireous cliestnut, tlie latter projecting three times the length of the 
head beyond it ; the middle joint enlarged near the base, tapering towards the short slender 
apical joint : antennte ochreous^ not ciliated in the female. Fore wings — with the costa arched, 
especially towards the base ; the apex produced, apical margin concave — ochreous, with a faint 
purplish gloss; the veins traceable in slender ochreous-chestnnt lines connected at short 
intervals, especially over the apical portion of the wing, by minute transverse streaks of the 
same colour, giving a reticulated appearance ; a darker shade, tending obliquely inwards from 
the costa beyond the middle, is but slightly indicated ; an indistinct spot of tawny-fuscous 
scales lies on the upper edge of the cell, before the middle of the wing. Hind wings slightly 
emarginate below the apex, shining whitish, with a faint ochreous tinge, especially about the 
apical portion of the wing. Type ? . Expanse of wings 23 millims. 

Vancouver's Island. From Dr. LyelFs collection. 

Walker originally created the genus " Begunna" for the reception of this species, and 
afterwards transferred it to the genus Teras. The type was long missing from its proper 
place in the collection, and was only lately found at the end of the series of " Teras" rostrana 
immediately above it. 

There can be no doubt that this is the specimen described by Walker under the name 
Begunna xanthoides ; but in the generic description there are two remarkable errors : one is 
the statement that the "exterior border'' is "^"^ convex" (the word must have been intended 
to be concave, a conspicuous character in this insect) ; the other is the asserted absence of a 
proboscis, which, although not easily observed, can be detected by a careful examination. 
I have no doubt that this is the female of Leptoris breviornatana of Clemens ; and if it does 
not belong to the more comprehensive genus Cenopis of Zeller, in which I have placed it with 
some hesitation. Walker's genus Begunna must probably be retained on the ground of priority. 

Before coming to the genus Dichelia, Walker describes : — 
Batodes bipustulana = Grapholitha costomaculana, Clem. 
AmpMsa luridana = Simaethis, sp. 

DICHELIA, Giien. 

Dichelia tunicana. (Plate LXV. fig. 1.) 

Head, thorax, and antennse ochreous brown ; patagia ochreous ; palpi brown, paler beneath, 
projecting beyond the head scarcely more than its length ; the apical joint depressed ; abdomen 
brown, the anal tuft ochreous ; legs pale yellowish grey. Fore wings ochreous yellow, with 
an oblique chocolate-brown fascia extending from before the middle of the costa nearly to the 
dorsal margin, and a broad chocolate-brown patch from beyond the middle of the costa 
covering the whole apical third of the wing, the pale ground-colour forming a sinus on the 
middle of its inner side ; this patch is sometimes connected with the outer edge of the central 



DICHELIA.— CAPUA. 21 

fascia at a point near tlie upper edge of the cell (under a lens these chocolate brown markings 
are found to be irrorated with sublustrous greenish scales) : cilia ochreous yellow. The 
underside brownish fuscous^ with a yellow patch at the base and on the middle of the costa. 
Hind wings brownish fuscous ; the underside greyish fuscous : cilia greyish fuscous on the 
inner margin^ yellowish grey on the outer margin and at the apex. 2 J* . Expanse of 
wings 16 millims. 

Lake County, California, May 10th, 1871. 

Dichelia californiana. (Plate LXV. figs. 2 & 3.) 
Head, thorax, and palpi brownish ochreous ; antennse paler, pubescent in the male ; 
abdomen greyish fuscous, the anal tuft ochreous. Fore wings ochreous, a light reddish- 
brown fascia from the costa from before the middle, extending obliquely outwards towards the 
dorsal margin, to the middle of which it is connected by a narrow streak : a wider angulated 
fascia of the same colour, beyond the middle, is sometimes connected with the central fascia on 
the dorsal margin. In some varieties the whole apical third of the wing is suflFused with the 
same colour; in others there is a slender streak within the apical margin, and the pale 
ground-colour encroaches on the outer edge of the second fascia : cilia pale ochreous. Hind 
wings greyish fuscous. Legs pale yellowish, except the first pair of tibise, which are reddish 
brown. 3(^,2$. Expanse of wings J* 15 millims., ? 20 millims. 
North California, June and July 1871. 

In the genus Dichelia Walker describes two North- American species : — 
Bichelia inconclusana, Walk., = '^ Smicrotes" peritana, Clem. 
furcatana, Walk. : see Capua furcatana, infra. 



CAPUA, Stph. 
Capua furcatana. (Plate LXV. fig. 4.) 

Dichelia furcatana, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 319, 

Tortrix furcatana, Rob. Trans. Am. Eat. Soc. p. 270, pi. iv. fig. 27. 

Tortrix (Dichelia) furcatana, Zell. Verh. z.-h. Ges. Wien, v. p. 232. 

Palpi extending about the length of the head beyond it, both pale straw-colour : antennae 
pubescent in male. Fore wings — with a brown appressed costal fold at the base in the male, 
fringed posteriorly — very pale shining straw-colour, white beneath, crossed by numerous pale 
ferruginous streaks ; a pale ferruginous fascia, narrowly dark-margined, runs obliquely from 
before the middle of the costa to the anal angle, emitting a branch at right angles on its 
inner side, which reaches the dorsal margin near the base ; this fascia, passing round the anal 
angle, is connected with a second, shorter ferruginous fascia which leaves the costa beyond the 
middle, and has also an excrescence on its inner side : the costa at the base and apex is 
streaked with pale ferruginous, of which colour there is also a slender line along the apical 
margin. Hind wings white. Type c? • Expanse of wings 17 millims. 



22 TOETEICiDiE. 

North America. From Mr. Carter's collection. Robinson gives Pennsylvania, Zeller 
gives New York and Ohio as localities for this species. 

Although INIr. Walker's type is a male, he fails to mention the very conspicuous costal 
fold ; and Prof. Zeller, -who follows him in placing the insect in the genus Dichelia, describes 
it from two female specimens only, adding the words " revolucro ^ nuUo ? " 

The presence of the costal fold in the male excludes it from the genus Dichelia ; but 
although this and the following species agree in all essential points with the distinguishing 
characteristic of the genus Capua mentioned in Heinemann's synopsis, and with Stephens's 
original description of it, they differ somewhat from his typical species Capua ochraceana in 
the form of the anterior wings, especially in the less oblique apical margin. 

Capua lentiginosana. (Plate LXV. fig. 5.) 

Palpi triangular, depressed, acute, dull ochreous at the sides, paler above ; head whitish 
grey; antennae dull ochreous, pubescent. Fore wings — with the costa arched (an adpressed 
costal fold at the base in the male) ; apical margin scarcely oblique, not indented — more than 
twice as long as wide ; dull brownish ochreous, sparingly dotted with fuscous towards the base 
and apex and along the apical margin, with a conspicuous abbreviated fuscous fascia beyond 
the middle of the dorsal margin, extending two thirds across the wing, having its inner edge 
angulated below the middle. Hind wings pale subochreous grey. 2 ^. Expanse of wings 
14 millims. 

Texas. 

These specimens are in bad condition. I should not have described the species without 
better types, had it not been for its obviously distinct and interesting characters. 

SCIAPHILA, 7'r. 

Sciaphila horariana. (Plate LXV. fig. 6.) 

Head, palpi, and thorax cinereous grey ; antennge simple in both sexes. Fore wings 
lanceolate in the male, more than three times as long as wide, grey, sparsely irrorated with 
cinereous : a narrow outwardly-bent fascia near the base, and another wider about the 
middle, both cinereous, edged and irrorated with blackish-fuscous scales ; the latter is narrowed 
in the middle, assuming the form of an hourglass, and is connected along the costal and 
dorsal margins with a pale cinereous shade extending over the apical portion of the wing, 
leaving a circle of the paler ground-colour between them. Hind wings pale greyish fuscous ; 
cilia slightly paler. A greyish anal tuft in both sexes. \ ^ , 1 ? . Expanse of wings 
^ 22 millims., ? 18 millims. 

Crooked River, near Fort Klamath, Oregon, Sept. 21st, 1872. 

Sciaphila trigonana, (Plate LXV. fig. 7.) 
Palpi slender, not clothed, projecting about the length of the head beyond it ; the apical 



SCIAPHILA. 23 

joint about half as long as the middle joint : antennae simple : head whitsh grey. Fore 
wings — with the costa arched near the base and slightly bent downwards towards the apex, 
but flattened along the middle; apex somewhat rounded; apical margin oblique — pale whitish 
grey, irregularly speckled and mottled with dusky cinereous, most conspicuously so in an 
oblique abbreviated fascia from before the middle of the costa, and a triangular costal patch 
beyond it, the intermediate space being shaded and streaked with the same colour : some 
minute abbreviated dusky streaks along the dorsal margin, an irregular double row of dusky 
cinereous mottlings parallel to the apical margin, and three conspicuous black dots, two before 
the fascia and one at the end of the cell : cilia stone-grey. Hind wings and cilia rather shining 
stone-grey. The type figured is a female. 1 c?, 5 ? . Expanse of wings 19 millims. 
Near Mendocino, California, June 4th, 1871. 

SciapMla basiplagana. (Plate LXV. fig. 8.) 

Fore wings lanceolate, three times as long as wide — the anal angle almost obsolete in the 
general curve of the apical and dorsal margins — stone-grey, slightly mottled with faint greyish 
fuscous ; a dull greyish-fuscous basal patch extending less than one fourth along the wing, 
with a narrow streak of dull fuscous scales from the costa at its outer edge, followed by two 
smaller streaks of fuscous scales below and beyond it, tending obliquely towards the middle of 
the dorsal margin ; at a short interval another oblique line of fuscous streaks, each followed 
by a faint greyish-fuscous shade, appear to indicate the direction of a subobsolete central fascia : 
there are some faint greyish- fuscous spots along the costa. Hind wings pale brownish grey. 
1 (J. Expanse of wings 17 millims. 

Texas. 

None of the North- American species placed by Walker in this genus can be considered 
true SciapMla : — 

SciapMla primariana,WsLlk., = "Retinia" septentrionana, Curt. 

improbana, Walk. : see Pcedisca improbana, p. 51. 

afflictana, Walk. : see Lophoderus afflictanus, p. 14. 

direptana, Walk., = Steganoptycha august ana, Hiib. 

implexana, Walk. : see Teras pulverosana, p. 3. 

vilisana, Walk., = Steganoptycha augustana, Hiib. 

destitutana, Walk., is in too bad condition to be distinguishable. 

puncticostana, Walk. : see Sericoris puncticostana, p. 33. 

confixana, Walk. : see Ph(Bcasiophora confixana, p. 36. 

decisana, Walk., = Exartema fascial anum, Clem. 

meanderana, Walk., = Exartema permundanwn, Clem. 

perductana, Walk., = Phaecasiophora confixana, p. 36. 

hebesana, Walk. : see PentMna hebesana, p. 31. 

luctiferana, Walk., = Rhophobota noRvana, Hiib. 

ferriferana. Walk. : see Exartema ferriferanum, p. 37. 

perstructana, Walk. : see Semasia perstructana, p. 64. 

indivisana, Walk., = 7 S. destitutana, 'Walk., and is equally undistinguishable. 



24 TOETEICID.E. 



SYNNOMA*. 



Palpi recte Itirsuti, capite ter Jongiores ; articulo secundo fastigate tumido ; articulo 
ap'icaVi dimidio breoiore, tenui. Haustellum nullum. Antenncs J* pectinatce, ? simplices. Alee 
an fine costd apud basin subarcuatd; $ sine revolucro, margine apicali obliquo ; venis 1^ et 2fi a 
communi pedicido. Ala posticce margine subapicali vix impresso, venis S"- et 4** sine pediculo, 
vend 5** singula non deflectd, venis Q>^ et 7^ a brevi pediculo. Tibice hirsute. ? abdomen tumidum, 
ultra alas poster iores extensum. Larvae gregatim sub tela alitce. 

Palpi extended nearly three times the length of the head beyond it ; the first joint short, 
second joint somewhat flattened and enlarged towards the base; the apical joint about half the 
length of the second, slender ; all thickly clothed with long, straight, hair-like scales : proboscis, 
none : antennae of the male pectinated, of the female simple. Fore wings with the costa 
arched towards the base, straight beyond ; the apical margin oblique ; dorsal margin slightly 
bulged near the base : without a costal fold in the male : branches 7 and 8 of the fore wings 
from a common stem. Hind wings with the margin below the apex slightly indented ; veins 
3 and 4 from the same point without a pedicle ; vein 5 separate, not bent over towards 
them near the base ; veins 6 and 7 arising from a short pedicle. Tibise hairy. Female with 
large abdomen, extending beyond the hind wings ; the fore wings darker and more suffused 
than those of the male, which are crossed by silvery streaks. 

Allied to Exapate, Hiib. 

Type Synnoma lynosyrana. 

Syimoma lynosyrana. (Plate LXV. figs. 9 & 10.) 

Palpi three times the length of the head, profusely clothed with straight grey and black 
hair-Kke scales : antennae grey and black, pectinated m. the male. Fore wings nearly three 
times as long as wide — costa nearly straight; apical margin oblique — ochreous, profusely 
speckled with groups of black scales, and with some scattered steel-blue scales about the 
middle. On the costa are several short alternate black and yellowish- white spots, tending 
obliquely inwards, not outwards, as in the costal streaks of most of the Tortricina : two irre- 
gular oblique shining silvery fasciae, one near the base and one at the middle of the wing, 
become less distinct as they recede from the costa ; the outer one is angulated in crossing the 
cell : cilia greyish white, tipped with ochreous. Hind wings and the basal half of their cilia 
purplish fuscous ; the points of the cilia yellowish grey. Abdomen black ; hind tarsi and anal 
tuft yellowish grey. Female with the abdomen larger and much longer than that of the male ; 
antennae simple : fore wings much darker than in the male, the black scales preponderating 
over the ochreous, and the silvery fasciae almost obsolete ; the cilia also darker. Legs black, 
the spurs of the tarsi whitish, and the tarsi spotted with whitish. 5 (J , 2 $ . Expanse of 
wings ^ 16 millims., ? 20 millims. 

* avv, together ; vojxos, law. 



STNNOMA. — IDIOGEAPHIS. 25 

The larvse feed in colonies^ in a web^ on Lynosyris viscidiflora, the cocoons being also 
formed in the common web^ after the manner of some species of the genus Hyponomeuta 
among the Tineina. I met with them on the plains to the north-east of Mount Shasta, Cali- 
fornia, at the beginning of September 1871 ; and the perfect insects emerged at the end of 
October. 

RETINIA, Guen. 

Eetinia subcervinana. (Plate LXVI. fig. 1.) 

Head pale fawn-colour above; face white; palpi white, very short, the second joint 
roughly clothed ; antennae simple. Fore wings silvery whitish, transversely lined and. blotched 
with pale fawn-colour, giving tliem an almost reticulated appearance, with a few thinly 
scattered fuscous scales, especially along the costa : cilia white, tipped with fuscous. Hind 
wings pale brownish fuscous. Legs white, the first pair spotted with fuscous. 2 ? . Ex- 
panse of wings 14 millims. 

Rouge River, June 187'2. 

In the genus Retinia, Walker^s two American species are as follows : — 

Retinia georgiana, Walk. : see Cacmcia georgiana, p. 9. 
argyrospila, Walk. : see Caccecia argyrospila, p. 8. 

IDIOGEAPHIS, Led. 

This genus, used by Lederer (Wien. entom. Monat. no. 8. 1859, Band iii. p. 242) and 
by Heinemann (Schmett. Deutsch. und der Schw. Band i. Heft 1, pp. 31-38) as a subgenus of 
Tortrix, Linn., for the reception of a single species, T. centrana, H.-S., = T. inopiana, Haw., has 
been very shortly characterized by these authors. Its affinities appear to bring it nearer to 
the genus Cochylis, Tr., than to Tortrix, Linn. The palpi project more than the length of 
the head beyond it; the second joint is stout and thickly clothed, the apical joint short and 
exposed. The antennae are pubescent in the male. The fore wings — with an appressed fold, 
covering about one third of the costa in the male — are slightly arched, the apical margin 
rather oblique, convex, the dorsal margin also slightly convex. Vein 2 of the fore wings 
arising from the outer third of the cell. The middle, vein of the hind wings with no long hairs 
at the base. The inner tarsal spur decidedly longer than the outer. Anal tuft moderate. 

Separated from Cochylis by the decided costal fold in the male, but agreeing in neuration. 

IdiograpMs fulvipUcana. (Plate LXVI. figs. 2 & 3.) 

Head yellowish straw-colour : palpi not profusely clothed, extending nearly twice the 
length of the head beyond it, pale whitish yellow above, brown or tawny at the sides beneath : 
antennae tawny, pubescent in the male. Fore wings — with the costa arched ; apical margin 
oblique convex ; an appressed tawny brown costal fold in the male — rather shining whitish, 
much blotched with yellowish straw-colour; a tawny spot at the end of the cell precedes an 

E. 



26 TOETRICID.E. 

oblique tuM-ny fascia ruiming to the aual angle across the apical third of the wing ; beyond it 
the costa and apical margin are spotted with pale tawny ; sometimes an oblique tawny spot 
lies across the cell at the outer edge of the basal third of the wing : vein 2 of the fore wings 
arising from the outer third of the cell. Hind wings pale fuscous grey; the cilia paler, with 
a grey line within them. Female having much the appearance of a true Cochylis ; smaller 
than the male : fore wings narrow, the apical third much suffused with tawny ; its inner 
margin oblique from the anal angle ; a sharply angulated tawny fascia in the naiddle of the 
wing, wider towards the dorsal margin, is narrowly and obliquely interrupted at its angle; also 
a tawny spot on the base of the costa. 

Var. «. ^ . Fore wings mottled whitish and very pale straw-colour ; the costal fold tawny ; 
the apical fascia and basal spot obsolete ; some very pale tawny spots and streaks on the apical 
third of the wing. 5 $ ,2^ . Expanse of wings ,$ 23 millims., $ 17 millims. 

Shasta County, California, June and July L871. 

This species is allied to T. inopiana^ Haw. [centrana, H.-S.), Wood. fig. 1159. Heine- 
mann places centrana in the subgenus Idiographis of Lederer, but confuses inopiana with hepa- 
tariana, H.-S., a true Pcedisca. Its affinities were recognized by Stephens, who classed it with 
Cochylis zcegana and C. hamana in his genus Xanthosetia ; and Doubleday, in his ' Synonymic 
List of British Butterflies and Moths,'' places inopiana, Haw. [centrana, H.-S.), in the genus 
Cochylis, Tr. I have followed them in now referring Id. fulviplicana at least to the neigh- 
bourhood of the same genus. Its stx-ucture and neuration must necessarily place it there, 
according to the rules laid down in Heinemann^s synopsis, which also draw attention to its 
obvious aflSnity. 

Idiographis segrana. (Plate LXVI. fig. 4.) 

Palpi white above, fawn-brown at the sides and beneath, nearly three times the length of 
the head, thickly clothed with long scales projecting below the apical joint, which is slightly 
exposed and rather pointed : head white ; antennae pale brown, slightly pubescent in the 
male. Fore wings — with the costa gently arched ; an appressed fulvous costal fold at the base — 
creamy white, faintly speckled with thinly scattered fawn-coloured scales, especially beyond 
the naiddle, with a fulvous dot at the end of the cell, followed by a slender line of fawn- 
coloured dots running obliquely from the costa beyond the middle to the anal angle, above 
which it is slightly angulated : beyond this line the apical portion of the wing is faintly 
speckled with lines of pale fawn-coloured dots ; a very slender line of the same colour at the 
base of the cilia in the fore and hind wings, more plainly visible on the underside of the 
anterior wings. Hind wings white, very faintly speckled with pale fawn-colour; cilia white. 
Underside of fore wings much shaded with fawn-brown. 2 ^J, 2 ? . Expanse of wings 20 
millims. 

Southern Oregon, June 1872. 

This is nearly allied to the preceding species, /. fidviplicana, but is easily distinguished 
by the white ground-colour of the wings. I have seen no intermediate forms among a con- 
siderable series of varieties oi fulviplicana ; and the present species does not appear to vary. 



IDIOGEAPHIS.— COCHYLIS. 27 

IdiograpHs floccosana. (Plate LXVI. fig. 5.) 

Concliylis floccosana, WcdJc. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 358. 

Tortrix confusana, Roh. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 274, pi. v. flg. 43. 

Palpi very pale yellowish, tinged -with, orange-brown at the sides, projecting more than 
the length of the head beyond it ; thickly clothed with long scales ; the apical joint very 
short, scarcely exposed : head and antennae (which are pubescent in the male) very pale 
yellowish. Pore wings more than twice as long as wide — with the costa evenly arched, folded 
at the base, the apex rounded ; apical margin oblique ; dorsal margin bulged at the base, 
straight beyond — together with the thorax very pale shining yellowish straw-colour, with 
the base of the costal margin and the greater part of the dorsal margin nearly to the anal 
angle bright orange-brown, blending into the paler ground-colour of the wing above the 
middle and towards the anal angle, and not approaching the apex or apical margin. Hind wings 
shining pearly grey, with long concolorous cilia. Type J*. Expanse of wings 15 to 17 millims. 

Prom Mr. Carter's collection, and from Nova Scotia in Lieut. Eedman's collection. 
Robinson gives Pennsylvania as a locality. 

CqCHYLIS, TV. 

Cochylis intactana. (Plate LXVI. fig. 6.) 

Palpi whitish ochreous brown at the sides : head and thorax whitish : antennae of the 
male setose, faintly annulated with ochreous brown. The fore wings — with the costa arched; 
apical margin oblique, not indented — ^pale straw-colour ; the base of the costa ochreous brown, 
with a basal patch, a central fascia, and a shade along the apical margin very faintly indicated 
straw-colour, scarcely distinguishable from the ground-colour of the wing. Hind wings 
grey, with whitish cilia. Abdomen grey, with a straw-coloured anal tuft. 1 ^ . Expanse of 
wings 14 millims. 

Siskiyon County, California, at the end of June 1873. 

This species is nearly allied in form and general appearance to Cochylis hamana and 
C. zcegana of Europe, but much smaller and paler. 

Cochylis fernaldana. (Plate LXVI. fig. 7.) 

Palpi whitish, ochreous at the sides, projecting nearly twice the length of the head 
beyond it, clothed with long scales projecting beyond the apical joint : head whitish, rather 
tufted in front : antennae of the male very strongly pubescent : thorax whitish, the patagia 
ochreous. Pore wings yellowish straw-colour, with ochreous or brownish-ochreous mark- 
ings ; an angulated fascia, sometimes ill-defined towards the costa, encloses the short basal 
patch; a triangular pale-centred spot, rather beyond the middle of the dorsal margin, is 
overlapped at its point by a short oblique streak from the costa, beyond which is a costal spot 
before the apex, and a rather indistinct streak or shade running parallel to the apical margin : 

E 3 



28 TOETRICIDiE. 

the cilia are tlie same as the groiind-coloxir of the wing ; and the hind wings are white or 
greyish Avhite. 4 ^,1 ?. Expanse of wings 17 millims. 

September 1871j North California; and June 1872, Southern Oregon. 

In naming this insect after Prof. Fernald, of Maine State CollegCj I take this opportunity 
of thanking him again for much valuable information and assistance. 

Cochylis scissana. (Plate LXVI. fig. 8.) 
Conchylis scissana, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 360. 

Palpi projecting fully the length of the head beyond it, closely clothed ; the apical joint 
not exposed : antennae brownish, the first pair of tarsi dark brown. Fore wings three ti-mes 
as long as wide — the costa nearly straight ; apical margin oblique, slightly concave — golden 
yellow, with an almost uninterrupted line of purplish-brown dots and streaks along the 
costa, with a faint shade continued along the apical margin to the anal angle ; a wide oblique 
streak from before the middle of the dorsal margin and some indication of a dorsal spot 
beyond it towards the anal angle : cilia pale golden yellow. Hind wings cinereous, with paler 
cilia. Type (^ . Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

Nova Scotia. From Lieut. Redman^s collection. 

Cochylis parallelana. (Plate LXVI. fig. 9.) 

Palpi whitish, brownish ochreous at the sides : head dull ochreous : antennae brownish. 
Fore wings three times as long as wide — with the costa scarcely arched ; apical margin oblique — 
shining whitish, blotched with yellowish ochreous ; the costa brownish ochreous at the base, 
with a brownish ochreous oblique fascia about the middle of the wing, outwardly angulated 
below the costa, and an abbreviated fascia of the same colour running parallel with it from 
before the apex to the lower corner of the cell. Hind wings grey, with paler cilia. 2 ,$ ,2 ? . 
Expanse of wings 14 millims. 

Lake County, California, June 18th, 1871. 

This and the following species are somewhat nearly allied to Cochylis lepidana, Clem. 

Cochylis transversana. (Plate LXVI. fig. 10.) 

Palpi whitish, ochreous at the sides : head white. Fore wings three times as long as 
wide, rather shining white, with a slight yellowish tinge, with an ochreous -brown irregular 
oblique fascia about the middle, and another of the same colour running from the costa 
before the apex to the middle of the apical margin ; some brown spots on the costa towards 
the base, and a pale ochreous blotch above the anal angle : the apex and cilia yellowish 
ochreous. Hind wings grey, with paler cilia. 2 ? . Expanse of wings 14 millims. 

The north of Shasta County, California, June 36th, 1871. 



COCHYLIS. 29 

Nearly allied to C. parallelana, but with tlie head white, and the second fascia not 
parallel to the first, but crossing the apical portion of the wing obliquely to the apical 
margin. 

Cochylis saxicolana. (Plate LXVII. fig. 1 .) 

Head and palpi greyish, touched with brown at the sides; the apical joint exposed. Fore 
wings nearly three times as long as wide, pale brownish, with some ill-defined sublustrous 
streaks and mottlings ; a conspicuous, ferruginous-brown, obliquely elongated spot before the 
middle of the dorsal margin, pointing towards a wider dull brownish patch on the costa, which 
is the commencement of a subobsolete, angulated, median fascia; a narrow, indistinct, brownish 
fascia crosses from the costa beyond it to the anal angle ; and the apex and apical margin 
are spotted with the same colour. Hind wings pale, faintly rosy grey. 3 S • Expanse of 
wings 13 millims. 

Southern Oregon, end of May 1872. 

Cochylis latipunctana. (Plate LXVII, fig. 3.) 

Head and palpi greyish white, tinged with fuscous at the sides : antennae faintly annu- 
lated. Fore wings nearly three times as long as wide, with some faint greyish-fuscous reticu- 
lations and blotches; the base partly suffused with pale greyish fuscous, especially on the 
costa; a wide, abbreviated, fuscous-brown half-fascia before the middle of the dorsal margin, 
pointing towards a pale greyish- fuscous spot on the middle of the costa, beyond which, before , 
the apex, is another, similar spot ; the apical margin is spotted greyish fuscous, and the cilia 
partly suffused with a paler shade of the same colour. Hind wings greyish. 2 c? • Expanse 
of wings 14|- millims. 

Mendocino County, May 31st, 1871. 

Cochylis dilutana. (Plate LXVII. fig. 3.) 

Head and palpi whitish. Fore wings three times as long as wide — with the costa nearly 
straight ; apical margin very oblique — chalky white, with a pale fawn-coloured shade at the 
base of the costa ; an oblique abbreviated pale fawn-coloured fascia before the middle of the 
dorsal margin, pointing towards a spot of the same colour on the middle of the costa, and some 
faint fawn-coloured spots towards the apex and along the apical margin : cilia white, touched 
with pale fawn-colour. Hind wings pale grey, with whitish cilia. 1 J , 1 ? . Expanse of 
wings 13 millims. 

Early in May, Oregon. 

Cochylis campicolana. (Plate LXVII. fig. 4.) 

Head, face, and palpi reddish brown : antennae brownish. Fore wings nearly three times 
as long as wide — costa not arched, slightly depressed at the apex ; apical margin oblique, not 



30 TORTEICID.^. 

iudcntcd — fahit rosy -white, streaked and clouded, especially on tlie apical portion of the wing, 
with pale olive-grey ; a brownish-fuscous spot on the middle of the costa is connected with an 
oblique abbreviated dorsal patch of the same colour by an indistinct outwardly angulated and 
sometimes interrupted olive-grey band ; some smaller costal spots beyond it and a slender line 
along the apical margin greyish fuscous : cilia light reddish brown, mixed with fuscous. Hind 
■n-ings subreticulated with whitish grey. In the female the apical portion of the fore wings is 
more clouded and suflPused with grey, and the hind wings are darker than in the male. 3 J , 
2 $ . Expanse of wings ^J 16-18 millims.^ $ 14 millims. 
Mendocino County, June 10th, 1871. 

This species is nearly allied to C.pallidana (Zell. Isis, 1847, p. 742), but appears to differ 
from it in the wider grey band towards the apex, in the more conspicuous costal spot, and in 
the wider dorsal patch. 

Cochylis parvimaculana. (Plate LXVII. fig. 5.) 

Head, antennae, and palpi greyish fuscous. Fore wings not three times as long as wide 
— the costa slightly arched — dull whitish, faintly mottled with pale greyish fuscous ; a small 
greyish-fuscous basal patch is projected along the costa to one fourth of its length, followed by a 
greyish-fuscous spot on the middle of the costa ; the whole apical portion of the wing from the 
costa to the anal angle, as well as the cilia, irregularly streaked, mottled, and suffused with 
greyish and purplish fuscous ; a small, purplish-fuscous, obliquely elongated spot before the 
middle of the dorsal margin. Hind wings pale brownish grey, faintly mottled. 1 (J • Ex- 
panse of wings 16g millims. 

Shasta County, July 16th, 1871. 

Under the generic name of Conchylis, VYalker describes also the following North-American 
species : — 

Conchylis invexana, Walk., =Ptycholoma melaleucanum, see p. 10. 

gratana, Walk., =Crcesia? reticulatana, Clem., var. sulfureana. 

cretiferana, Walk. This belongs to the Noctuidse ? 



PENTHINA, Tr. 

Penthina consanguinana. (Plate LXVII. fig. 6.) 

Palpi short, obtuse : antennae slightly pubescent : thorax mottled white and brownish 
fuscous, with a raised umber-brown tuft behind it. Fore wings — with the costa evenly arched; 
the apex rounded; apical margin oblique, not indented — rather yellowish white_, with an 
oblique narrow fascia near the base and a rather oblique broad central fascia, convex at its 
outer edge and much widened towards the dorsal margin, mottled with brownish fuscous, the 
space between them as well as the base of the wing being almost obscured by brownish-fuscous 



PENTHINA. 31 

streaks and mottlings ; three small costal spots are conspicuous between the fascise ; beyond 
the outer fascia are four or five grey costal spots and a triangular grey shade at the apex, 
which is continued in a broken line along the apical margin ; before this is a greyish-fuscous 
horseshoe-shaped spot^ conspicuous upon the plain ground-colour of the wing^ sometimes 
connected at its outer edge with the apical margin : a pale fuscous line runs within the base 
of the cilia^ the points of which are also touched with fuscous. Hind wings whitish stone- 
grey^ with paler cilia. Abdomen and anal tuft slightly ochreous. 3 (^, 3 ? . Expanse of 
wings 21 millims. 

This species differs from P. variegana, Hiibn. (No. 937j Wocke's Cat.); in having no grey 
shading on the plain apical portion of the wing^ with the exception of the one horseshoe-shaped 
spot, also in the larger and more diluted costal spots and more defined central fascia. It lacks 
the strong ochreous tint of P= ochroleucana, Hiibn. (No. 939, Wocke''s Cat.), and has paler 
hind wings than that species ; and it may be at once distinguished from P. capreana, Hiibn. 
(P. mcestana, Wocke ; No. 931, Wocke''s Cat.), by the convex (not concave) outer edge of the 
central fascia. In a considerable series from California, obtained in May, June, and July, 
I have found no specimen which could not at once be separated from the numerous nearly 
allied European forms, at least so far as I am acquainted with them. 

Penthina nimbatana, Clem., which is the Penthina contrariana of Walker, differs from 
consanguinana in its smaller size and in the almost unspotted white apical portion of the 
wing, which contains no horseshoe mark. 

Penthina conditana. (Plate LXVII. fig. 7.) 

Palpi depressed, greyish fuscous : head and antennae greyish fuscous. Fore wings more 
than twice as long as wide— the apical margin scarcely oblique, slightly convex ; apex rounded ;, 
the costa somewhat arched — brownish fuscous, speckled or blotched with yellowish stone- 
colour, especially towards the base and on the outer portion of the costa, suffused before and 
beyond the middle with a purplish hue, leaving the darker ground-colour in an ill-defined 
rather straight fascia across the middle of the wing, with a slight angulated excrescence about 
the middle of its outer edge, and in a narrow space along the apical margin : the purplish 
suffused band beyond the central fascia is divided into two almost equal parts below the middle 
by a line running parallel to the apical margin. Hind wings dark brown. 2 ,^ . Expanse 
of wings 12 millims. 

Mendocino County, May 24th, 1871. 

Penthina hehesana. (Plate LXVII. fig. 8.) 

Sciaphila hebesana, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 342. 

Carpocapsa inexpertana, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 394. 

Penthina fullerea, JRiley, Journ. Hort. Bost. 1868, fig. ; Treat, Am. Ent. ii. p. 204. 

Sericoris foedana, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. v. p. 135."-d'.^ai^^«-»- c.<rvi^»v.a-,/:j:.<.t<J' . .; 

Palpi projecting scarcely the length of the head beyond it; the second joint thickened ; 



o2 TORTEICIDiE. 

the short apical joint depressed and exposed. Fore wings about twice as long as wide — with 
the costa slightly arched ; apex rounded ; apical margin oblique, slightly convex — brownish, 
with a purplish gloss on the basal half, more pinkish on the apical half of the wing, much 
mottled throughout with irregular purplish-fuscous spots and bands ; an irregular dark 
fuscous-brown central fascia, with a projecting excrescence about the middle of its outer edge, 
with a slight sinuatiou on either side; an ill-defined brownish-fuscous basal patch, with 
a purplish spot near the base of the dorsal margin ; a conspicuous semilunar brown spot, out- 
wardly margined with fuscous, lies between the end of the cell and the apex ; above it is 
a bright ferruginous narrow band along the costa, passing round the apex and along 
the apical margin to the anal angle, separated from the rather fuscous cilia by a slender line. 
Type c? • Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

North America. From Mr. Carter^s collection. Also in Shasta County, California, 
July 1871. 

Riley gives seeds of Tigridia as the food of the larva. Mrs. Treat reared it from buds of 
Ve7'bena. 

In Penthina Walker^s North- American species are : — 

Penthina similisana, Walk., = Sericoris bipartitana, Clem. 

• • contrariana, Walk., = Penthina nimbatana, Clem. 

dealbana, Walk. : see Sericoris dealbana, p. 34. 

transmissana, Walk. : see Pcsdisca transmissana, p. 52. 

ochreoalbana, Walk., = Cochylis nana^ Haw. 

resumptana, Walk. : see Pcedisca resumptana, p. 44. 

subnivana, Walk. : see Teras subnivana, p'. 1. 



SERICORIS, Tr. 

Sericoris vetulana. (Plate LXVII. fig. 9.) 

Palpi projecting about the length of the head beyond it, roughly clothed, the long scales 
below projecting as far as the end of the exposed apical joint ; these, together with the head, 
antennae, and thorax (which is tufted behind), cinereous brown. Fore wings more than twice 
as long as wide — the costa arched ; the apical margin scarcely oblique — greyish cinereous, with 
a brown fascia from the middle of the costa, not reaching the dorsal margin, and having an 
excrescence on its outer edge, the whole having the appearance of an inverted chess-knight ; a 
brown triangular spot on the dorsal margin before the anal angle, sometimes joined to a second 
brown shade or blotch below the apex, which tends obliquely towards the apical margin : some 
few brown abbreviated streaks from the costa, a very ill-defined sometimes obsolete basal patch, 
and a brown line along the apical margin at the base of the cilia, which are cinereous. Hind 
wings rather brownish; cilia paler. 5 ^ . Expanse of wings 15-17 millims. 

Northern California, early in June 1873, also from Texas. 



SEEICOEIS. 33 

Allied to Penthina antiquana, Hiibn. (Staud. and Wocke, 1003), which it greatly resembles, 
but much, smaller. In a long series I have seen none which approach the size of the 
European species, 

Sericoris auricapitana. (Plate LXVII. fig. 10.) 

Palpi short, projecting but little beyond the head ; the apical joint scarcely exposed, 
together with the head and basal joint of antennse bright orange-yellow : antennae fuscous. 
The fore wings brownish fuscous, irrorated with orange-yellow and with shining steel-blue 
spots and streaks ; the spots are most conspicuous about the base of the wing and before the 
middle of the costal margin, with some of smaller size on the cell and below it. There are 
two costal streaks of the same colour running obliquely towards the apical margin, and a 
wider one more conspicuous about the ocellated patch above the anal angle. A conspicuous 
orange-yellow patch on the costa, before the apex, reaches across towards the apical margin, 
which with the cilia is bluish fuscous. Hind wings fuscous brown, paler towards the base, 
with ochreous-white cilia. 3 $ . Expanse of wings 12 millims. 

I have seen specimens of this species in the collection of the Entomological Society at 
Philadelphia under the MS. name of " panther ana." It seems to be nearly allied to Endo- 
pisa agilana, Clem., which is probably also a small Sericoris. The two original species in- 
cluded by Guenee in the genus Endopisa, namely E. nigricana and E. proximana, are placed 
in Staudinger and Wocke's Catalogue under the genus Pcedisca, to which Endopisa agilana 
cannot belong, as it has no costal fold in the male. S. auricapitana comes rather near to the 
larger S. siderana, Tr., of Europe. 

Sericoris ptmcticostana. (Plate LXVIII. fig. 1.) 
Sciaphila puncticostana, Wallc. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 339. 

Palpi very pale buff, tinged with brown at the tips, projecting about the length of the head 
beyond it, hirsute; the apical joint not exposed. Head pale bufij mixed with brown. Fore 
wings — with the costa slightly arched ; apical margin rather oblique — very pale bufi", with an 
irregularly margined basal patch, a wide central fascia connected with it by a narrow band 
on its inner edge, a dorsal spot before the anal angle, a large subapical patch, and a spot at 
the apex all deep olive-brown, irrorated with very pale bufi' scales and margined with bright 
shining silvery metallic lines and spots ; some shining silvery spots along the costa alter- 
nating with small olive-brown dots : cilia slightly paler than the wings. Hind wings pale 
whitish grey. 1 (^, 1 ? . Expanse of wings 20 millims. 

Nova Scotia. From Lieutenant Redman-'s collection. 

Sericoris dilutifuscana. (Plate LXVIII. fig. 2.) 

Palpi short, obtuse, the second joint clothed with long greyish-fuscous scales ; the apical 
joint slightly exposed, whitish : antennae brownish fuscous. Fore wings white, delicately 



34 TOETEICIDtE. 

streaked aud dotted witli grcjdsh fuscous ; tlie basal patcli greyisli fuscouSj its outer edge 
angulatod about the middle aud indented below it ; a greyish-fuscous central fascia widest 
towards the dorsal maa'giu^ narrower towards the eosta^ containing some tawny scales^ some- 
times Avliollvj sometimes partially interrupted along the cell ; the apical portion of the wing 
delicately streaked along the costa with greyish fuscous ; a spot at the apex and an interrupted 
streak of the same colour extending obliquely upwards from the apical margin above the anal 
angle, with a slender grejash-fuscous line along the base of the cilia, which are white with a 
few fuscous spots. Hind wings pale greyish fuscous, 2 ^ . Expanse of wings 16 millims. 
Southern Oregon, June 2nd, 1872. 

This insect differs from its nearest allies Sericoris bipartitana, Clem. (= similisana, Walk.), 
and Serico7'is dealbana, Walk., in the white ground-colour of the fore wings being delicately 
streaked, as well as in the apical half of the costal margin being streaked rather than spotted : 
moreover it has a generally greyer tinge than those two species, the darker markings of which 
are blackish. 

Sericoris dealbana. (Plate LXVIII. fig. 3.) 
Penthina dealbana. Walk. Cat. Lep. Set. xxviii. p. 374. 

Palpi brown, tipped with whitish, with the second joint roughly clothed below ; the apical 
joint exposed, scarcely projecting beyond the head, which with the antennae is also brown. 
Fore -wings — with the costa slightly arched; apex rounded; apical margin oblique — white, 
■with an outwardly angulated basal patch ; a slightly oblique central fascia indented about the 
middle of its inner edge and dilated outwardly on the dorsal margin, beyond it three costal 
spots and one larger apical spot or shade running through the cilia, also an oblique elongated 
patch from the apical margin above the anal angle to a point below the middle costal spot, 
all these markings pale olive-brown irrorated with darker brown scales ; some minute ab- 
breviated brownish streaks between the costal spots and patches, especially towards the apex : 
the pale ground-colour of the wing is not striated ; and the costal spots are wider and more 
conspicuous than any to be found in Sericoris dilutifuscana. Hind wings pale cinereous, vpith 
whitish-grey cilia, slightly shaded round the apex. Type ^ . Expanse of wings 18 millims. 

North America. From Mr. Carter^s collection. 

This species stands in the collection of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia under 
the MS. name of Antithesia hebascana, Clem. 

Sericoris chalybeana. (Plate LXVIII. fig. 4.) 

Head saffron mixed with fuscous : palpi stout, compressed, projecting scarcely the length 
of the head beyond it ; the apical joint exposed, whitish grey ; the apex fuscous : antennae 
fuscous. Fore wings bright saffron (twice as long as wide, the costa regularly arched, apical 
margin rather straight, not indented) ^ blotched with blackish fuscous, most noticeable in two 



SEEICOEIS. 35 

oblique fasciseform shades, one from the middle of the costa to the dorsal margin^ the other 
before the apex, extending through the cilia above the anal angle : several shining steel-blue 
spots from the base to beyond the middle of the wing, followed by two or three streaks of the 
same colour in the apical third. Hind wings fuscous brown ; the cilia variable, brownish or 
yellowish white. 3 (^ , 2 ? . Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

Siskiyou Mountains, on the borders of Oregon and California, June 1872. 



Sericoris inquietana. (Plate LKVIIT. fig. 5.) 

Psedisca inquietana, WalJc. Oat. Lep. Het. sxviii. p. 378. 

Mixodia? sp., M^Lachlan, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xiv. no. 74, p. 116. 

Palpi whitish grey, projecting scarcely the length of the head beyond it, the middle joint 
thickened, apical joint depressed, exposed : head and antenuEe greyish fuscous : thorax brownish 
fuscous in front, greyish behind. Fore wings — with the costa straight ; apex rounded ; apical 
margin oblique, not indented — whitish grey, streaked and mottled irregularly with brownish 
scales ; with a brownish mottled basal patch, mixed with fuscous, projecting along the upper 
edge of the cell, indented below it, and a central fascia of the same colour, of which the inner 
edge follows irregularly the line of the basal patch ; this fascia has a small sinuous indentation 
on the projecting portion of its outer edge, above the middle, and is widest on its dorsal half, 
but narrowed at the costa : the apical portion of the wing is irregularly streaked and mottled 
with a series of brownish spots, mixed with fuscous scales : cilia greyish white. Hind wings 
dull dingy grey. Type ?. Expanse of wings 24 millims. 
Arctic America. Presented by Sir J. Richardson. 

Two specimens of this species, brought by Mr. Hart from the winter quarters in Grinnell Land 
of the ' Discovery ' in the last Polar Expedition, are mentioned by Mr. M'^Lachlan (Journ. Linn. 
Soc, Zool. xiv. no. 74, p. 116) as probably identical with specimens in bad condition in the British- 
Museum collection representing J?e^mio! septentrionana of Walker's catalogue (pt.xxviii. p. 373). 
He adds that they do not agree with the description of Orthotcenia septentrionana, Curt, 
(App. Ross's 2nd Arctic Voyage, p. 77). Curtis gives the expanse of the wings of his species 
as 7 lines, and Walker's specimens under that name measure about 8^ lines, whereas those 
described by M'^Lachlan (expanding 11| lines) appear to agree with S. inquietana (11^ lines) 
not only in structure and markings, but also in measurement. 

Walker's SciapMla primariana, measuring 7 lines, is evidently the same species as his 
supposed septentrionana, Curt., which I venture to think would have agreed with Curtis's 
description had they been in better condition. 

Packard's descriptions of Penthina tessalana (expanse under 8 lines) and P. fulvifrontana 
(expanse about 7 lines), in the Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. xi. pp. 55, 56, and Clemens's 
description of Mixodia ? intermistana, Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. v. p. 140, which must all be closely 
allied species, appear to agree more nearly with septentrionana, Curt., than with inquietana 
Walk. 

r2 



36 TOETElCIDJi. 



PH^CASIOPHORA, Grote. 

Phaecasiophora confixana. (Plate LXVIII. fig. 6.) 

Sciapliila confixana, Walk. Oat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 340. 

Sciaphila? perductaua, Wcilh. Gat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 341. 

Sericoris mutabilana, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. v. p. 135. 

Phaecasiophora mutabilana, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. i. p. 90, pi. 11. figs. 4-6; Zell. Verh, z.-h. Ges. 

Wien, XXV. p. 276. 
Sericoris permundana, Grote Sc Boh. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 83, 

Palpi dingy brownish grey, projecting less than the length of the head beyond it; the 
second joint thickly clothed; apical joint exposed, fuscous: head brownish grey, thickly 
clothed above ; antennae scarcely pubescent. Fore wings — with the costa arched, the apex 
slightly rounded, apical margin convex — pale fawn-brown, mixed with fuscous scales, with 
a short indistinct basal patch ; an oblique geminated wavy fascia dilated outwardly on the 
dorsal margin, and a similar, rather narrower, geminated fascia beyond the middle, all pale 
whitish ochreous with a faint rosy tinge ; the first has two small excrescences, one on the 
outer side, at the middle, the other on the inner side near the dorsal margin ; the second has 
a projection on its inner edge reaching to the dorsal extension of the first, and is continued 
round the anal angle in a series of detached spots along the apical margin, where it is 
joined by some geminated subapical streaks from the costa : cilia whitish, especially at the 
anal angle, touched with fawn-brown above it. Hind tibise covered with long coarse whitish 
scales in the male. 2 ^ . Expanse of wings 19 millims. 

North America : from Mr. Carter's collection. New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia 
{Grote) . 

In redescribing this species I have reversed the usual practice of mentioning first the paler 
shades of the wing-colours, thus making the description entirely independent of those of 
other authors, whilst endeavouring not to fall short of them in accuracy or simplicity. 
Messrs. Grote and Robinson {I. c.) consider Walker's Sciaphila confixana to be the Exartema 
permundanum of Clemens; but a careful examination does not support this view. 



EXARTEMA, Clemens. 

Exartema sericoranum. (Plate LXVIII. fig. 7.) 

Palpi yellowish white, erect; the second joint thickly clothed beneath; the apical joint 
short, exposed, tipped with fuscous : antennae dull ochreous, slightly pubescent in the male : 
head, thorax, and patagia ferruginous. Fore wings — twice as long as wide; costa arched; 
apical margin slightly convex — ferruginous, slightly shaded with fuscous, with irregular fasciae 
and streaks, bluish grey internally, narrowly margined with whitish ochreous. The first 
fascia is geminated at the costa before the middle, bulged on its outer edge along the cell, 



EXAETEMA. 37 

and narrowed as it attains the dorsal margin ; the base of the wing between this marking 
and the thorax is somewhat mottled with the same shades as compose the fascia ; the second 
fascia originates in a geminated oblique costal streak scarcely beyond the middle^ which just 
reaches to the next costal streak beyond it, thence diverging at an angle to the apical margin, 
of which it covers the lower fourth with the anal angle j this fascia has an excrescence on its 
inner edge projecting along the cell ; and below this excrescence is a branch running to the 
dorsal margin, which branch also has a projecting excrescence on its inner edge. Towards 
the apex are three geminated costal streaks ; the first, after touching the outer angle of the 
fascia as described, converges, with the other two, towards the middle of the apical margin. 
The above-described markings leave the ferruginous ground-colour of the wings most con- 
spicuous, in a wide central band, a triangular dorsal spot before the anal angle, and an ovate 
patch, projecting obliquely inwards, rising from below the middle of the apical margin. The 
costa is shaded with fuscous between the streaks ; and there is a narrow fuscous line along the 
apical margin. The markings and general appearance of this insect remind one strongly of 
those of a Sericoris. 1 c?; 1 ? • Expanse of wings 17 millims. 
North America. 

Exartema punctanum. (Plate LXVIII. fig. 8.) 

Head brown, tufted above; palpi whitish, the second joint thickly clothed with long 
scales projecting below the exposed apical joint, which is fuscous ; antennae scarcely pu- 
bescent in the male. Fore wings whitish fawn-colour blotched with olivaceous fuscous ; an 
angulated blotch at the base of the dorsal margin, another on the middle of the costa, another 
rather darker covering the apex and apical margin, and two paler olivaceous blotches, one on 
the middle of the dorsal margin, another before the anal angle ; also some abbreviated streaks 
along the costa ; the space between the blotches contains some very sublustrous leaden-grey 
lines and bands ; a slender pale line, followed by a wider fuscous line, runs along the apical 
margin at the base of the cilia ; a fuscous spot lies within the end of the cell. Hind wings 
brownish, darker towards the margin ; cilia whitish, with a dark line along them as in the 
fore wings. 1 c?, 2 $ . Expanse of wings 17 millims. 

Shasta County, July 12th, 1871. 

This species is nearly allied to Exartema inornatanum, Clem., which. Prof. Fernald 
informs me, is probably the E. quadrifidum of Zeller (Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 268) ; 
but the markings are more defined, and the spot at the end of the cell constitutes a good distin- 
guishing character. 

Exartema ferriferanum. (Plate LXXV. fig. 4.) 

Sciaphila ? ferriferana, Wdlh. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 343. 

Sericoris gratiosana, Clem. Proc, Ent. Soc. Pli'il. v. p. 134. 

Grapholitha (Poecilochroma ?) iisticana, Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 293, pi. ix. fig. 26. 

Palpi short, whitish grey ; the apical joint exposed, ferruginous : head and thorax rich 



38 TOETEICID^. 

t;nAny red, tlie thorax tufted bcliind ; antennai tawny red, pubescent in tlie male. Tore winga 
— -with tlie costa arclied principally towards the base ; the apex not produced ; apical margin 
convex — pale ashy grey irroratcd with minute ferruginous red streaks ; a basal patch angu- 
latcd at its outer edge below the costa ; a wide costal patch commencing before the middle 
and extending nearly to the apex, emitting a branch at its outer angle posteriorly, which 
attains the middle of the apical margin, and a small apical spot, all rich tawny red : a slight 
ferruginous shade extends below the costal patch. Hind wings greyish fuscous, with paler 
cilia. 2 c?, 2 $. Expanse of wings 20 millims. 

North America : from Mr. Carter's collection. Clemens gives "Virginia " as the 
habitat of the species. 

Exartema griseoalbanum. (Plate LXVIII. fig. 9.) 

Palpi erect, white, with the second joint enlarged, sparsely clothed; the apical joint 
short and naked : head, thorax, and antennae dull fuscous ; the face white. Fore wings 
rather dirty white, with a dull fuscous spot on the middle of the costa ; a larger dull fuscous 
blotch indented on its outer edge below the middle, covering the base of the wing except 
along the costa, to which it does not reach ; and a medium-sized dull fuscous spot on the 
dorsal margin before the anal angle ; the costa and apical margin are dotted with dull 
fuscous ; a narrow line of the same colour lies at the base of the cilia ; and there is a very 
pale quadrangular olivaceous shade on the dorsal margin between the basal patch and the 
dorsal spot. Hind wings dull brownish grey. Type ? . Expanse of wings 14 millims. 

A single specimen from the Eastern States of North America, which is unfortunately a 
female; but the neurationand general character of the insect seem to place it without doubt 
in the genus Exartema. -'■'> ?^-t Oh-uLL^'^-i^' 



P.ffiDISCA, Led. 
Paedisca culminana. (Plate LXVIII. fig. 10.) 

Palpi short ; the middle joint stout, thickly clothed ; the apical joint exposed : antennae 
greyish white : head greyish white. Fore wings — with the costa arched, depressed at the 
apex ; the apical margin straight, not indented, with an appressed costal fold in the male — 
white, with a very faint rosy tinge and some almost obsolete greyish reticulations ; a short 
basal patch, of which the dark brown outer margin is angulated above the middle; an ill- 
defined brown triangular spot on the dorsal margin before the anal angle ; and a fuscous- 
brown shade extending from the costa, in the form of half an arrow-head, to a point above the 
anal angle, separated from the fuscous-brown cilia by only a narrow whitish streak above the 
middle of the apical margin ; there are also some faint brownish abbreviated costal streaks 
above the projecting angle on the inner edge of the dark shade, which, following the idea of 



P^DISCA. 39 

the arrow head, -would represent the point of the barb. Hind wings greyish white, with a 
grey line along the middle of the paler cilia. 1 (^ . Expanse of wings 16 millims. 
Shasta County, California, end of July 1871. 

Psedisca illotana. (Plate LXIX. fig. 1.) 

Head and palpi ferruginous; the latter short and obtuse, the apical joint not exposed : 
antennse fuscous. Fore wings — with appressed fold in the male reaching to the middle of the 
costa, slightly bent downwards towards the apex — white, streaked and speckled with pale 
greyish fuscous ; an obliquely margined basal patch dark fuscous, streaked transversely with 
paler greyish -fuscous wavy lines, sometimes with a bluish tinge, and reaching anteriorly 
beyond the end of the costal fold, posteriorly beyond the first third of the dorsal margin ; 
beyond the basal patch, coming from the costa, are some pale fuscous waved streaks, the last 
only prolonged and extending along the apical margin ; the apex itself fuscous : parallel to 
the lower portion of the apical margin, but separated from it by a clear space, is a row of 
three or four black dots above the anal angle ; and between these and the basal patch are some 
pale greyish-fuscous mottlings assuming rather the form of an obsolete median fascia. 
2d', 1 $ . Expanse of wings 16-18 millims. 

Rouge River, Oregon, May 1872. 

This species is nearly allied to the European P. tripunctana, S. V., but differs in the 
basal patch being less abruptly defined, the anal angle being clear white, not suffused with 
greyish fuscous as in that species, and in the row of black 'dots being distinctly detached from 
the extreme marginal shade. In general appearance also it is smaller and paler. 

Paedisca terracoctana. (Plate LXIX. fig. 2.) 

Head reddish ochreous, face whiter : palpi whitish ochreous, touched with greyish 
fuscous at the tips : antennae simple. Fore wings — the costa slightly arched ; apical margin 
scarcely oblique, slightly concave ; costal fold long and narrow, not closely appressed — whitish 
ochreous, with bright reddish rust-coloured streaks and markings (a curved narrow spot on 
the dorsal margin before the middle preceded by some streaks of the same colour ; an 
oblique fascia from beyond the middle of the costa to within the anal angle, and some bright 
streaks from the costa towards the apex) ; a blotch of sprinkled fuscous scales through the 
oblique fascia and beyond it above the middle of the wing, and a line of sprinkled fuscous'- 
scales along the apical margin at the base of the cilia. Hind wings greyish fuscous. 4 cj, 3 $ . 
Expanse of wings 17 millims. 

Occurring in some abundance among Manzanita, Arctostaphylos glauca (Lindl.), Mount 
Shasta, August 1871 ; also in Mendocino County in June. 



40 TOETKICID^. 

Psedisca rectiplicana. (Plate LXIX. fig. 3.) 

Palpi sliort_, projecting scarcely the length of the head beyond it, white : head white : 
antennse greyish. Fore wings — with the costa slightly arched ; apical margin scarcely 
oblique, convex ; the straight costal fold in the male not closely appressed — rather yellowish 
white, Avith a patch of greyish-brown and fuscous streaks on the basal portion of the dorsal 
margin, and beyond it an oblique shade of greyish brown and fuscous extending towards the 
apex and mixed with some bright steel-blue patches about the ocellated spot above the white 
anal angle ; some abbreviated greyish-brown streaks along the costa, and a chestnut-brown 
shade at the apex extending along the apical margin, where it is separated from the dark grey 
cilia by a black line interrupted by a white spot below the apex. Hind wings — female pale 
brownish, with paler cilia ; in the male whitish towards the base. 2s , 1 5". Expanse of wings 
13 miliims. 

Mendocino County, California, May 31, 1871 ; and Siskiyou Mountains, June 1872. 

Closely allied to P. campoliliana, Tr., but slightly larger; the pale costal half of the wing 
not interrupted by a conspicuous dark spot about the middle as in that species, but prolonged 
nearly to the apex, with only a few delicate costal streaks. 

Psedisca albangulana. (Plate LXIX. fig. 4.) 

Head brownish grey, tufted above : palpi short, the third joint exposed : antennse fuscous 
Drown : thorax fuscous brown, mottled at the sides. Fore wings — three times as long as wide, 
a long narrow costal fold in the male extending nearly half the length of the wing, not closely 
appressed, the costa arched; apical margin slightly concave — whitish much mottled with grey 
and fuscous brown ; a quadrangular fuscous-brown patch on the dorsal margin before the 
middle, preceded and followed by some wavy greyish-brown lines ; some brown spots on the 
costa beyond the middle, leaving four or five geminated streaks of the pale ground-colour 
between them ; an ill-defined interrupted fuscous-brown oblique fascia from the middle of the 
costa is widest and most conspicuous towards the dorsal margin ; the apex fuscous brown, 
crossed by two oblique bluish-grey streaks ; a bluish-grey ocellated spot enclosing a few 
blackish-fuscous scales above the anal angle, which is white ; a blackish-fuscous line at the 
base of the cilia. Hind wings pale brown, with paler cilia. \6 , 2 $ . Expanse of wings 
16 miliims. 

Mendocino County, end of May 1871. 

Psedisca? basipunctana. (Plate LXIX. fig. 5.) 

Palpi whitish, more than twice the length of the head, projecting upward ; the second 
joint long and thickly clothed ; apical joint usually concealed or nearly so : head tufted above ; 
head and thorax whitish : antennse white, scarcely pubescent in the male. Fore wings — costal 



P^DISCA. 41 

fold in tlie male not closely appressed^ its lower edge nearly straight^ not convex ; costa much 
arched ; apex produced^ nearly falcate^ the apical margin deeply impressed below it — sub- 
ochreous white^ rather cream-coloured^ sometimes tinged or faintly spotted with greyish ; the 
basal third of the wing with several black spots j some fawn-coloui'ed abbreviated costal 
streaks, sometimes mixed with fuscous ; the ocellated spot almost obsolete, sometimes with 
one or two black dots within it : cilia whitish, black at the apex. Hind wings rather rosy 
whitish grey. 2 c? , 3 $ . . Expanse of wings 19 miilims. 
Lower Lake, California, June 22nd, 1871. 

This species, with the following one, may perhaps form the type of a new genus. In the 
almost falcate apex and the greatly rounded costa it would approach the genus Phoxopterijx ; 
but the costal fold in the male, if we follow Heinemann's arrangement, must place it, at least 
provisionally, in the genus Pmdisca. 

Psedisca? subplicana. (Plate LXIX. fig. 6.) 

Palpi more than twice as long as the head, fully clothed ; the apical joint concealed : head 
tufted above : these and the antennae cinereous grey. Fore wings — with the costa much 
arched or rounded, the apex produced, almost falcate ; apical margin deeply impressed below 
it ; costal fold in the male not closely appressed, the inner edge straight, a shining metallic 
line visible beneath it — mouse-coloured, much irrorated with leaden-grey scales ; a very 
narrow darker fascia extending from the middle of the costa to the anal angle ; the ocellated 
spot almost undistinguishable ; some abbreviated leaden-grey costal streaks : cilia grey, darker 
at the apex, with a pale line along their base. Hind wings greyish cinereous. Abdomen tufted 
in the male. $ . The fore wings paler than in the male, being more suffused than irrorated 
with light leaden grey; the fascia obsolete. 3 cj", 2 ? . Expanse of wings 21 miilims. 

Mendocino County, California, May 1871, and in Oregon. 

Psedisca nigralbana. (Plate LXIX. fig. 7.) 

Head greyish fuscous in front above, whitish behind; face white : palpi white, touched 
with greyish fuscous towards the tips ; apical joints not exposed : antennse greyish fuscous. 
Fore wings more than twice as long as wide, with the costa slightly arched ; apical margin slightly 
sinuated, scarcely oblique : the costal fold in the male long and narrow, not closely appressed, 
reaching nearly half the length of the wing : the apical half of the wing is divided into three 
portions — the 1st an oblique ferruginous-brown fascia, widest towards the dorsal margin, and 
touched with fuscous especially along its edges ; the 2nd bluish grey, externally margined 
with fuscous ; the 3rd bright ferruginous, extending to the apex, interrupted by some white 
geminated streaks from the costa ; each pair divided by a slender black line : along the upper 
portion of the apical margin is a black line at the base of the cilia, which are touched with 
brown and fuscous ; towards the base, on the dorsal half of the wing, are some irregular 

G 



42 TOETEICIDiE. 

blotclies of brown aud fuscous scales, "with some minute spots of the same on the costa or costal 
fold. Hiud -wings brownish grey, with paler cilia. 2 c?, 2 ?. Expanse of wings 14 millims. 
Mendocino County, June 10, 1871. 

Allied to P. campoliliana, Tr. 

Paedisca agricolana. (Plate LXIX. fig. 8.) 

Head, palpi, and thorax milk-white ; the head tufted above ; palpi thickly clothed to the 
apex : antennae faintly annulated. Fore wings — more than twice as long as wide — milky 
white, with ochreous fawn-coloured streaks or reticulations : the appressed costal fold at the 
base in the male is ochreous faw^n-colour ; and there are numerous pale streaks of the same 
colour along the costa, the first acutely angulated beyond the middle and sometimes forming 
with a straight horizontal line towards the base an arrow-shaped mark ; two or three others 
on the costa towards the apex assuming the form of the Greek y, the tails pointing outwards 
towards the very oblique apical margin : in some varieties the markings are so much blended 
as to be scarcely traceable, giving to the wing a more suffused appearance : the apical margin 
is narrowly ochreous fawn-colour, with a line of black scales at the base of the ciha, and a few 
black dots above and within the anal angle : underside brownish fuscous. Hind wings pale 
brownish grey ; cilia milky white. 5 ^. Expanse of wings 13-20 millims. 

May and June, California and Oregon. 

Psedisca atomosana. (Plate LXIX. fig. 9.) 

Head, thorax, and palpi milky white ; antennse greyish white, pubescent, faintly annu- 
lated. Fore wings — more than twice as long as wide ; apical margin oblique, slightly sinuated 
— milky white, closely reticulated with fawn-colour, and irrorated with fuscous scales ; the 
costal fold in the male fawn-colour, sometimes tinged with fuscous; before the apical margin 
are one or two rather shining irregular lines ; the cilia whitish, irrorated with fuscous : under- 
side brownish fuscous, shot with a faint purplish tinge. Abdomen and hind wings brownish 
grey, the cilia paler. 2 <S . Expanse of wings 20-23 millims. 

San Francisco, May 18th, and Bear Valley, California, June 26th, 1871. 

Paedisca bolanderana, (Plate LXIX. fig. 10.) 

Palpi depressed, tapering, projecting about the length of the head beyond it ; white above, 
pale brown at the sides : head white ; antennae brownish ; thorax white, touched with pale 
brown in front ; patagia pale brown at the base, white at the tips. Fore wings — three times 
as long as wide, with a somewhat lengthened appressed costal fold — buff-brown with silvery 
white streaks and spots : a very small spot at the base ; a larger spot beyond it touching the 
dorsal margin near the base, and sometimes joined below the costa to an oblique biangulated 



P^DISCA. 43 

streak nearly L^'eacliing the anal angle : two conspicuous spots at the costa — one beyond the 
middle^ the other near the apex, sloping obliquely towards each other, and sometimes meeting 
so as to leave a buff-brown triangular mark at the costa between them ; a small triangular spot 
on the middle of the apical margin, and a rather square spot on the dorsal margin before the 
middle ; all slightly margined with some blackish-fuscous scales : cilia whitish, tipped with 
brown. Hind wings pale greyish brown: cilia paler. 3 d , 2?. Expanse of wings 19 
millims. 

Mount Shasta, California, August 1871. 

This species is nearly allied to "Conchylis " agassizii, Rob. (Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 284) , 
but differs from it in the absence of the costal spot near the base, and of the circular white 
costal dot beyond the middle, moreover in the white median streak being more abruptly 
angulated and situated somewhat more towards the costa. The dorsal margin also is not 
white beyond the middle, as in Robinson's species. 

Psadisca crambitana. (Plate LXX. fig. 1.) 

c? . Palpi ochreous white above, ochreous at the sides : antennse ochreous ; head ochreous 
white ; both more ochreous in the female : thorax white, with an ochreous streak down the 
middle ; patagia ochreous. Fore wings — more than three times as long as wide ; costa 
slightly arched ; apical margin very oblique, dorsal margin subconvex — shining silvery white^ 
with two ochreous streaks, the first slightly arched, running from the base, touching the 
ochreous costal fold in the male, and ending in the middle of the apical margin, with a branch 
from above, beyond the cell, to the apex ; the second, leaving the base below the cell, is slightly 
depressed beyond the middle to the anal angle, where it is divided by a slender silvery 
wedge-shaped streak : the hind margin is narrowly ochreous : cilia white, tipped with 
ochreous. Hind wings pale straw-colour in the male, cilia white ; pale greyish fuscous in 
the female, cilia greyish white. Expanse of wings $ 33 millims., ? 26 millims. 
Mount Shasta, California, August 1871. 

This insect reminds one curiously of a Crambus, not only by its long narrow wings, but 
by the character of its ornamentation much resembling that of many species in the group 
which includes that genus. 

It may perhaps be worthy of remark that whereas Wilkinson and other authors frequently 
mention the colour of the eyes in their descriptions of new species, we have in this species a 
proof that such observations are of little or no value ; for in the female specimen described 
above the eyes are pale ochreous grey, whereas in the male they are black ; moreover I have 
in my own collection another female of the same species, of which the eyes are black, showing 
that in this case at least it is a mere variation, and not even a sexual distinction. 

Psedisca larana. (Plate LXX. fig. 2.) 

Head, palpi, antennse, and thorax chalky white. Eore wing — with the costal fold in the 
male closely appressed — chalky white, very sparsely irrorated with minute black scales ; the 

g2 



44 TORTEICID^. 

costa straiglit ; apical margin slightly oblique and concave : some very faint ochreous blotches, 
one near the base of the dorsal margin, others towards the middle of the wing, and some 
very faint ochreous streaks along the costa ; above the anal angle are a few black dots : 
cilia white, irrorated with minute black scales. Hind wings pale greyish white ; cilia white. 
3 (J , 1 ? . Expanse of wings 22 millims. 

Siskiyou County, California, September 3rd, 1871. 



PsBdisca luridana. (Plate LXX. fig. 3.) 

Antennse slightly annulated; head, palpi, thorax, and fore wings almost ochreous 
whitish ; the fore wings nearly three times as long as wide, the apical margin very oblique, 
convex, faintly blotched or partly suffused with very pale fawn-colour, sometimes with a few 
black scales above the anal angle : an appressed costal fold in the male ; the costa scarcely 
arched ; apical margin oblique, not concave : cilia sometimes slightly irrorated with fuscous. 
Hind wings pale greyish straw-colour. 2 (J. Expanse of wings 19 millims. 

North California, September 7th, 1871. 



Psedisca argentialbana. (Plate LXX. fig. 4.) 

Palpi short, thickly clothed ; the apical joint not exposed ; white : head and thorax white ; 
antennae whitish. Fore wings — with an appressed costal fold in the male ; the costa slightly- 
arched; apical margin oblique, not indented — silvery white, faintly irrorated with scattered 
greyish-fuscous scales : some faint oblique greyish-fuscous costal streaks ; and a faint 
I'eduplicated dash of the same colour from the apical margin below the apex, continued to a 
point along the upper edge of the cell : the ocellated spot contains on its inner side one 
and on its outer side two small sublustrous silvery patches : the cilia white, irrorated with 
greyish fuscous. Hind wings very pale grey, with a faint yellowish tinge along their margin, 
within the white cilia. Expanse of wings c? 15 millims., ? 13 millims. 

Texas. 

This species differs from Padisca agricolana chiefly in the purer white of the fore wings, 
in the much smaller size, and in the more shining ocellated spot. 

Psedisca resumptana. (Plate LXX. fig. 5.) 

Penthina resumptana, Walk. Oat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 376. 

Head cinereous : antennse greyish fuscous, scarcely pubescent. Fore wings — with a rather 
long appressed costal fold in the male — greyish white, shaded and mottled with ashy grey, 
especially towards the apex, with several abbreviated oblique tawny costal streaks ; an ill- 
defined outwardly angulated tawny-speckled basal patch, more conspicuous towards the dorsal 



P^DISCA. 45 

margin ; a subobsolete tawny-speckled central fascia^ with some fuscous scales posterioi'ly 
before tbe anal angle, followed by an indistinct ocellated spot containing two black streaks, 
with a patch of mixed ashy grey and tawny shading above it : cilia gi'eyish, tipped with 
fuscous, with a pale tawny line along their base. Hind wings dingy greyish. Type cj . 
Expanse of wings 14 millims. 

Nova Scotia. From Lieut. Redman's collection. 

Paedisca pulveratana. (Plate LXX. fig. 6.) 

Head, palpi, and antennae dusty whitish grey; thorax grey. Fore wings — three times as 
long as wide ; the costa scarcely arched — whitish grey, much irrorated with pale brownish 
fuscous, with two brownish-fuscous pale-margined half-fascise sloping obliquely outwards 
from the dorsal margin; some minute brownish-fuscous spots or streaks along the costa ; 
and before the apex a fuscous shade, through which are some rather shining greyish lines 
margined with brownish fuscous, running towards the dorsal margin ; a streak or spot of 
shining grey at the anal angle. Hind wings brownish grey ; cilia paler. 4 ^ . Expanse 
of wings 15-19 millims. 

San Francisco, May 16th, 1871. I have also received it from Texas. 

PsBdisca primulana. (Plate LXX. fig. 7.) 

Palpi slightly drooping, tapering, and clothed to their points, together with the head, 
thorax, and antennse pale primrose, the latter faintly annulated and pubescent in the male. 
Fore wings — more than twice as long as wide ; the costa arched ; apical margin very oblique, 
convex; a small inconspicuous costal fold in the male closely appressed — pale primrose 
watered as it wei-e with rather shining pearly-white streaks, which sometimes enclose an 
oblique olivaceous streak from beyond the middle of the costa to a point above the anal 
angle, and an elongated olivaceous spot below the costa before the apex. Hind wings and 
abdomen grey, with paler cilia. Female smaller than the male ; fore wings slightly narrower 
and more acute. 6 c?j 1 ? • Expanse of wings 17-20 millims 

Mendocino County, June 10th, 1871. 

Paedisca Mquadrana. (Plate LXX. fig. 8.) 

Head, palpi, and antennae greyish brown; palpi obtuse, slightly depressed, extending 
more than the length of the head beyond it ; thickly clothed to the apex : antennae of the 
male having a serrated appearance. Anterior wings — with a short appressed costal fold near 
the base in the male; the costa slightly arched; hind margin oblique — whitish much streaked 
with wavy brown and fuscous lines ; a pale fuscous shade runs along the upper edge of the 
cell; some fuscous scales at the apical margin and at the apex, within which is a small 
ferruginous-brown triangle, crossed by several slender blackish-fuscous lines; four or five 



4G TORTEICID.^. 

smnll triangular fuscous streaks aloug tlie costa, alternated with narrow blackish-fuscous 
lines ; two ferruginous patches on the dorsal margin — the first before the middle, the second 
wider beyond the middle, both margined and streaked with fuscous, enclosing and defining 
with the fuscous shade above them a square patch of the pale ground-colour, which also 
appears conspicuously within the anal angle ; a curved ferruginous streak from below the 
apical triangle to the apical margin above the anal angle : cilia whitish, tinged with brown. 
Hind wings and abdomen brown, with a slightly fuscous tinge along the margin. 2 ^ . 
Expanse of wings 2.2 millims. 

Pitt River, Shasta County, California, end of July 1871. 

Paedisca shastana. (Plate LXX. fig. 9.) 

Palpi tapering to a blunt point, whitish ochreous, the sides and apex somewhat fuscous ; 
antennae pale, slightly pubescent in the male ; head whitish ochreous above and in front, with 
a tuft of ferruginous scales above each eye; thorax brownish in front, above and behind 
whitish, irrorated with brown scales. Fore wings — three times as long as wide, costa straight ; 
a short appressed costal fold near the base ; hind margin oblique ; dorsal margin slightly 
rounded — yellowish white, much blotched and streaked with brown and fuscous ; the costa 
shaded with brownish fuscous to the middle, beyond it with three brownish-fuscous spots 
alternating with four slender, short, brownish-fuscous lines on the pale ground-colour ; on the 
dorsal margin are two irregular ferruginous -brown blotches much tinged with blackish fuscous, 
and enclosing a wide oblique half-fascia of the pale ground-colour, which also appears con- 
spicuously above and within the anal angle ; an irregular triangular blotch of ferruginous 
brown mixed with blackish fuscous lies before the dorsal margin, which it touches at the 
apex and above the anal angle. Abdomen and hind wings pale brown : cilia brownish white. 
1 (J , 1 ? . Expanse of wings 27 millims. 

Mount Shasta, California, August 1871. 

Paedisca cataclystiana. (Plate LXX. fig. 10.) 

Paedisca cataclystiana, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 378. 
Steganoptycha ? ochreana, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 520. 

Palpi ochreous, short, obtuse, projecting but little beyond the head, apical joint not 
exposed ; head, thorax, and antennae ochreous. Fore wings — three times as long as wide, the 
costa slightly arched; apex produced, acute; apical margin oblique, indented below the apex, 
with an appressed costal fold at the base in the male — ochreous ; an indistinct brownish- 
ochreous shade along the middle of the wing from the base to near the upper edge of the 
ocellated spot is accompanied by some faint longitudinal streaky lines on either side of it ; 
some minute brownish abbreviated streaks along the costa, alternating beyond the middle 
with shining metallic silvery-white oblique streaks, of which the first is produced outwards 



P^DISCA. 47 

towards the ocellated spot ; the third and fifth from the apex^ converging below the fourth ; 
and the extreme apical one pointing inwards, and forming with the one next to it a hollow 
triangle ; the ocellated spot is margined on both sides with shining metallic silvery white, 
most conspicuously on its inner side ; a streak of the same runs across the middle, dividing 
a black spot below from a slender black line above it : the cilia are ochreous, profusely 
irrorated with fuscous scales except at the points ; and there is a patch of similar scales above 
the ocellated spot. Hind wings yellowish grey, slightly dotted with darker grey towards the 
apex. In the male of this species the fore wings are slightly wider, the apex less acutely 
produced. Type ? . Expanse of wings 18-19 millims. 

North America. From Mr. Carter^s collection. I have also met with this species in 
some abundance in California. 

Psedisca Mpunctella. (Plate LXXI. fig. 1.) 

Affa bipunctella, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxvii. p. 202. 
~ Psedisca wortMngtoniana, Fernald, Can. Ent. x. p. 83. 

Palpi projecting more than the length of the head beyond it ; the second joint freely 
clothed, increasing in size towards the apex; apical joint tapering, exposed; pale yellowish, 
touched with brown towards the base : head and thorax pale yellow ; antennae brownish. 
Fore wings — rather less than three times as long as wide, with the costa nearly straight, only 
slightly raised in the middle ; a costal fold in the male, not closely appressed, reaching nearly 
to the middle, with a tuft of long hairs arising from its base, usually concealed beneath it, 
but apparently capable of elevation; the apex subacute; apical margin oblique, scarcely 
convex-^pale straw-yellow, with a small brownish spot at the end of the cell, diffused into a 
faint longitudinal ferruginous shade before and beyond it. Hind wings brownish grey ; cilia 
paler. Underside of the fore wings shaded with fuscous. The first pair of tarsi brownish, 
the others with the abdomen and anal tuft whitish grey ; the thorax and abdomen unusually 
stout. The proboscis is not " obsolete," as stated by Walker in creating the genus Affa for 
the reception of this specimen. Type ^ . Expanse of wings 40 millims., from, palpi to anal 
tuft inclusive 18 millims. 

Fernald gives North Illinois as the habitat of this species. 

Paedisca grandiflavana. (Plate LXXI. fig. 2.) 

Head, palpi, antennae, and thorax pale yellow ; palpi more than twice the length of the 
head. Fore wings — little more than twice as long as wide, the costa evenly arched, apical 
margin rather oblique ; male with an appressed subconvex costal fold at the base — yellow, 
with numerous olivaceous fuscous spots mixed with shining metallic ochreous scales ; these 
spots seem to follow no fixed method of arrangement, but are somewhat grouped before the 
middle of the wing below the cell, and have perhaps a tendency to run in lines sloping 
obliquely outwards from beyond the middle of the costa, and bending parallel with the apical 



48 TOETEICIDiE. 

margin on roaoliiug tlic upper edge of the cell : the cilia arc thickly Irrorated with olivaceous 
fuscous : underside pale straw-colour^ shaded and dotted with brownish fuscous. Abdomen 
and hiiid wings pale straw-colour delicately suffused with a fuscous tinge^ except some pale 
blotches along the margin ; cilia paler. 1 (^ , 2 ? . Expanse of wings 30-34 millims. 
Lake County^ California^ June 17t hl9th^ 1871. 

Paedisca suljflavana. (Plate LXXI. fig. 3.) 

Head tufted in front^ Avith palpi and antennae (which are pubescent in the male) pale 
ochreous fawn-colour ; the palpi thickly clothed, projecting about twice the length of the head 
beyond it. Fore wings scarcely more than twice as long as wide — 'male with appressed costal 
fold near the base ; apical margin oblique, dorsal margin slightly convex towards the base — 
pale ochreous fawn-colour, in the male much irrorated with sublustrous yellowish scales, 
especially towards the apical margin, with an ill-defined, almost obsolete fascia running 
from the middle of the costa towards the anal angle, and extending upwards parallel with the 
apical margin ; above the anal angle are one or two single black scales ; the costa is faintly 
dotted with brownish ochreous, the cilia slightly touched with fuscous in the male. Hind wings 
shining straw-colour, with a brownish-fuscous tinge in the male. 2 J* , 1 ? . Expanse of 
wings 27-31 millims. 

Rouge Eiver, Oregon, end of May, 1872. 

Psedisca maculatana. (Plate LXXI. fig. 4.) 

Palpi projecting more than twice the length of the head beyond it, widely clothed and 
rounded at the apex ; pale fawn-colour, somewhat tinged with fuscous at the sides in the male : 
head, thorax, and antennae pale fawn-colour. Fore wings — about twice as long as wide, the 
costa slightly arched, with appressed costal fold near the base in the male — very pale fawn- 
colour, streaked or reticulated with wavy lines of a slightly darker shade, with a conspicuous 
buff-brown spot, elongated obliquely outwards at the middle of the dorsal margin, which it 
scarcely touches ; some lustrous streaks from the costa before the apex, the outer one or two 
bending parallel to the apical margin ; an almost obsolete half -fascia sloping from the middle 
of the costa towards the apical margin, more conspicuous in the female than in the male. 
Hind wings pale fuscous brown, slightly darker in the female ; cilia paler. 3 J* , 3 $ . 
Expanse of wings (J 23 millims., $ 21 millims. 

Lake County, California, June 17th-19th, 1871. 

Psedisca irroratana. (Plate LXXI. fig. 5.) 

Head and thorax fawn-colour; palpi and antennae fawn-colour with a slight fuscous 
tinge, especially beneath ; palpi more than twice as long as the head, thickly clothed. Fore 
wings — more than twice as long as wide, with the costa evenly arched, apical margin oblique ; 



P^DISCA. 49 

a subconvex appressed costal fold near the base — fawn- coloured ^ profusely irrorated with 
greyish shining scales assuming the form of wavy lines, one of which runs parallel with and 
near to the apical margin ; the cilia fawn-colour : underside of fore wing much shaded with 
pale brownish fuscous. Abdomen and hind wings pale greyish fuscous, the latter above some- 
times shaded along the margin, with paler cilia, beneath greyish white, reticulated with 
brownish fuscous along the costal margin. 5 J* • Expanse of wings 28 millims. 
Mendocino County, June 7th-10th, 1871. 

Psedisca perdricana. (Plate LXXI. fig. 6.) 

Head, palpi, and thorax pale fawn-colour ; antennae the same, pubescent. Fore wings — 
with the appressed costal fold near the base irrorated with fuscous — very pale fawn-colour, 
irrorated with numerous brown and fuscous scales, which have a tendency to run in wavy 
lines, first sloping obliquely outward from the costa, then turning parallel to the apical 
margin ; there are a few single black scales above the anal angle. Hind wings pale fuscous 
brown, with paler cilia. 3 c? • Expanse of wings 19 millims. 

Burney Falls, Shasta County, July 20th, 1871. 

Nearly allied to P. irroratana, but a much smaller species, and without the lustrous 
scales which distinguish it, otherwise greatly resembling it in general appearance. The di- 
stinction between the two species appears to be that in P. irroratana the ground-colour of the 
wing is dark with paler markings, whereas in P. perdricana the ground-colour is pale and the 
markings are darker. 

Paedisca passerana. (Plate LXXI. fig. 7.) 

Head cinereous brown above, face ochreous white ; palpi cinereous, thickly clothed, espe- 
cially beneath, apical joint not exposed ; antennae greyish fuscous ; the patagia dusty whitish. 
Fore wings — costa slightly arched, apical margin oblique — greyish white, streaked, shaded, 
and blotched with dull brown ; a brown half-fascia from the dorsal margin near the base, 
another usually wider from the dorsal margin beyond the middle ; a dull brown shade along 
the costa and at the apex, in which are several geminated costal streaks of the pale ground- 
colour ; a pale greyish rather shining spot above the anal angle, divided by an irregular brown 
streak. Hind wings brown, with paler cilia. 4 c?. Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

Mendocino County, California, June 9th & 10th, 1871. 

PsBdisca glomerana. (Plate LXXI. fig. 8.) 

Palpi extending more than the length of the head beyond it ; the second joint clothed 
with long scales ; the apical joint freely exposed ; together with the head dull greyish white, 
irrorated with fawn-colour : antennae slightly pubescent. Fore wings — two and a half times as 
long as wide, the costa scarcely arched, with appressed costal fold in the male ; the apical 

H 



50 TOETEICIDiE. 

margin oblique, sliglitly convex — dull fawn-brown, streaked along the costa and irrorated over 
tlicir surface with pale cinereous grey, with some shining silvery metallic dots before the 
ocellated spot ; the ocellated spot contains four transverse rows, each of six or seven black 
dots, except the lowest, which consists only of three or four and somewhat diverges from the 
others, pointing downwards towards the anal angle : on the margin and in the middle of this 
group of black dots are some shining silvery metallic spots. Hind wings pale brownish fawn- 
colonr, with paler cilia : the underside unicolorous. 1 (^ . Expanse of wings 25 millims. 
Texas. 

Pasdisca fulminana. (Plate LXXI. fig. 9.) 

Palpi reddish brown ; the apical joint darker, almost fuscous, exposed. Fore wings rich 
fawn-brown, with appressed costal fold in the male : the costa slightly arched, with a series of 
fourteen or fifteen oblique shining white costal streaks arranged in pairs ; the first and sixth, 
counting from the apex, are prolonged to the apical margin : the subobsolete ocellated patch 
is bounded on its outer and upper edge by a slender shining white angulated streak, and by 
another on its inner margin ; the remaining surface of the wing irrorated with dull whitish 
dots : cilia greyish fawn-colour, irrorated with fuscous. Hind wings fawn-brown, with slightly 
paler cilia. The abbreviated costal streaks are very visible on the underside of the fore wings ; 
and the underside of the hind wings is profusely speckled, giving them a reticulated appearance. 
2 (^ . Expanse of wings 22 millims. 

Texas. 

Psedisca canana. (Plate LXXI. fig. 10.) 

Head and thorax grizzled or brownish white : palpi the same, short, obtuse, thickly 
clothed ; the apical joint depressed, almost concealed, fuscous. Fore wings — with an appressed 
costal fold at the base ; the costa scarcely arched ; apical margin slightly oblique, almost un- 
impressed — ^white or dingy white, sometimes striated with wavy greyish-fuscous or brownish 
lines, and mottled with the same colour about the apex and apical margin, with two conspi- 
cuous dorsal patches brown or greyish fuscous, one before and one beyond the middle, shaded 
also along the costa with the same colour, which is penetrated by numerous oblique whitish 
costal geminations. Hind wings greyish or brownish fuscous, with paler cilia. 4 J , 1 $ . 
Expanse of wings 19 millims. 

Mendocino and Lake Counties, California, May and June 1871. 

In general appearance very like Steganoptycha lagopana (see page 71). 

Psedisca Mrsutana. (Plate LXXII. fig. 1.) 

Palpi roughly clothed with long scales projecting far beyond the obtuse apical joint, 
cinereous brown, whitish grey below and sometimes at the points j head tufted above, brown. 



P^DISCA. 51 

Fore wings cinereous brown, somewhat mottled with whitish and fuscous scales, ferruginous 
towards the apex : the costa rather arched, with an appressed fold in the male near the base ; 
apical margin slightly indented, scarcely oblique ; a rather square white spot on the middle of 
the dorsal margin, interrupted by a few brownish scales, in the female with a white streak 
joining it obliquely from the costa : some whitish abbreviated streaks from the costa beyond 
the middle, with two steel-blue wavy streaks meeting at the anal angle and enclosing three 
black lines in the ferruginous ocellated spot. Hind wings fuscous brown. Legs cinereous 
brown, spotted with whitish. 4 <S . Expanse of wings 13 millims. 

Sonoma County, California, May 23rd, 1871 ; and on Rouge River, Oregon, May 7th, 
1872. 

This species is nearly allied to P. trigeminana, Steph. (Stand, and Wocke, 1101), but is 
slightly smaller, the fore wings shorter in proportion to their breadth, the dorsal spot whiter, 
the ocellated patch less distinctly visible, the hind wings darker, and the palpi rather longer 
and more conspicuous. I am informed by Prof. Zeller that he has a specimen of the true 
P. trigeminana from California ; and Prof. Fernald has also a specimen from the same locality 
which approaches even more nearly to it than my P. hirsutana. I have two specimens in my 
own collection, taken in California, which I believe to be P. trigeminana ; but I had long since 
made a note of their distinctness from the species above described, which appears to be very 
constant in its characters. 

Since writing the above. Prof. Zeller has most generously presented to me the specimen 
above referred to, which exactly resembles in colour and shape one of my supposed P. trigemi- 
nana from California. It is, however, much larger. I am by no means convinced that it is 
not another good and distinct species. In any case it seems distinct from P. hirsutana. 



Paedisca improbana. (Plate LXXII. fig. 2.) 

SciapHla improbana, Wallcer, Cat. Lep. Het. xsviii. p. 337. 
Paedisca diffinana, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 378. 

Palpi projecting about the length of the head beyond it ; the second joint clothed, obtuse; 
apical joint conical and exposed. Fore wings — three times as long as wide, with the costa 
scarcely arched ; the apical margin oblique ; apex slightly rounded — dark ashy brown, inclining 
to fuscous, with a slight purplish gloss and some abbreviated brownish-fuscous costal streaks 
and indistinct transverse strigse. There is a brownish-fuscous rather mottled basal patch 
clearly defined at its outer edge, where it forms a bold subacute angle on the middle of the 
cell, nearly reaching an excrescence projecting from the inner edge of an indistinct oblique 
fascia of the same colour, which runs from the middle of the costa to the anal angle ; two 
small brownish-fuscous spots are situated about the middle of the dorsal margin. Hind wings 
pale brownish : cilia cinereous whitish, with a slender dark line near their base. Type $ , not 
S as stated by Walker. Expanse of wings 18 millims. 

St. Martin's Falls, Albany River, Hudson's Bay. Presented by Dr. Barnston. 

h2 



52 TOETEICID.E. 

Paedisca transmissana. (Plate LXXII, fig. 3.) 

Peuthiua transmissana, Walher, Cat. Lep. Het. sxviii. p. 375. 

Palpi projecting about the length, of the head beyond it; together with the head and 
autennje greyish fuscous ; the apical joint scarcely exposed, paler. Fore wings — with the 
costa arched ; an appressed costal fold at the base in the male ; apical margin oblique, slightly 
concave — dull ptxrplish brown at the base, where there is a wide rather mottled basal patch 
distinctly defined and slightly angulated at its outer edge above the middle ; beyond this is a 
whitish dorsal patch, diffused upwards at its inner edge towards the costa, and outwards along 
the dorsal margin, but not reaching the anal angle; beyond the dorsal patch the wing 
is shaded off from reddish brown to ferruginous ; towards the apex are four pairs of abbreviated 
shining yellowish-white costal streaks, with slightly darker shades between each pair, emitting 
slender streaks towards the apical margin ; the ocellated spot is margined on both sides with 
shining whitish, and contains two or three black streaks ; a dark fuscous line runs parallel 
to the apical margin near the base of the whitish cilia, which are also tipped with brownish 
fuscous. Hind wings pale cinereous. Type 6 . Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

Nova Scotia. From Lieut. Eedman^s collection. 

Paedisca strenuana, (Plate LXXII. fig. 4.) 

Grapholita strenuana, Wallc. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 383. 
Grapholita exvagana, Walk. Gat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 383. 

Palpi dull cinereous, scarcely projecting beyond the head, obtuse ; the apical joint very 
short : head dull brown, irrorated with cinereous ; the face paler : antennae brownish. Fore 
wings — with the costa slightly arched, an appressed costal fold in the male, the apex produced ; 
apical margin much indented, slightly oblique — having a wide basal patch brownish fuscous, 
profusely irrorated with minute cinereous scales, obtusely angulated at its outer edge above 
the middle, and extended narrowly along the costa ; followed by a pale whitish ochreous wide 
dorsal patch, diffused indistinctly upwards towards the costa, and blended outwardly with the 
dull brownish-fuscous apical half of the wing, which is also minutely irrorated with cinereous : 
a very pale whitish ochreous ocellated spot above the anal angle is margined with shining 
silvery, preceded by a few black scales, and contains a black streak near its upper edge, and a 
brownish-fuscous spot or streak below it : some very oblique sublustrous costal streaks, alter- 
nating with fuscous scales, converge towards the middle of the apical margin : cilia irrorated 
with brownish fuscous. Type ,$ . Expanse of wings 15 millims. 
North America.. From Mr. Carter's collection. 

This is one of those remarkable instances in which Mr. Walker has described two obvi- 
ously similar specimens from the same collection under different new specific names, without 
reference or comparison, and has published the descriptions on the same page of his catalogue. 



P^DISCA. 53 

Psedisca radicana. (Plate LXXII. fig. 5.) 

Head, palpi, and thorax brownish fuscous, palpi extending scarcely more than the length 

of the head beyond it, thickly clothed ; apical joint not exposed : antennse brownish. Fore 

wings — rather more than twice as long as wide; the costa arched; apical margin oblique, 

slightly convex; the costal fold in the male closely appressed — the ground-colour creamy 

white, much mottled and suffused with grey ; a greyish basal patch covering about one third 

of the wing, including on its outer edge a brownish-fuscous band, which becomes obsolete 

towards the costa ; about the middle is a ferruginous-brown fascia, angulated on its outer 

edge below the costa, dotted with fuscous, and crossed by a fuscous line below the middle ; 

the apical portion of the wing is also ferruginous brown to a point above the anal angle, and 

is internally mottled with fuscous ; a small fuscous wedge in the pale ground-colour before 

the middle of the dorsal margin : cilia dull grey. Hind wings fuscous brown. Legs fuscous, 

spotted with ochreous. Underside of fore wings brownish fuscous ; the costa spotted with 

ochreous ; underside of hind wings yellowish white, spotted with pale fuscous. Expanse of 

wings (^ 15 millims., ? 13 millims. 
ij 

Rouge River, Oregon, May 1871. 

Psedisca abruptana. (Plate LXXII. fig. 6.) 

Head brownish ochreous, thickly tufted above ; the palpi ochreous, tipped with fuscous, 
short and obtuse ; the fuscous apical joint scarcely exposed ; antennae ochreous. Fore wings — 
with the costa arched, an appressed costal fold at the base — much mottled with various shades 
of ochreous brown and fuscous ; a patch of fuscous scales about the middle of the wing on 
the basal third ; some oblique slender geminated whitish costal streaks, those nearest to the 
apex forming a triangular spot ; below this, arising in the apical margin, is an elongated 
whitish spot, joined to the third pair of costal geminations by a slender grey and fuscous line ; 
the ocellated spot is subochreous white, with shining scales on its inner and upper external 
edge, and a minute fuscous spot at its upper extremity : cilia whitish, irrorated with fuscous. 
Hind wings and cilia dull brown. 3 (J. Expanse of wings 15 millims. 
Texas. 

I have little doubt that this is the species referred to by the late Dr. B. Clemens in the 
' Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia,' vol. v., where, after describing 
his Steganoptycha flavocellana from a specimen in his own collection, he mentions that there 
are other specimens from Virginia, in the collection of the Entomological Society of Phila- 
delphia, of which the general hue is paler, and which are not more than half the size of the 
specimen chosen as his type. I have myself seen in that collection specimens of the species 
now under description labelled Steganoptycha flavocellana, Clem.; but I am assured by Prof. 
Fernald, who has seen Dr. Clemens's type, that the present species is quite distinct from it. 

The absence of a black central dash, and of one on the costal edge of the ocelloid spot, 
are among the most noticeable points of divergence from Dr. Clemens's description, in which, 
unfortunately, the dimensions and the presence or absence of a costal fold are not referred to. 



k 



64 TOETEICIDJ^:. 



Psedisca gradiiatana. (Plate LXXII. fig. 7.) 

Palpi shortj depressed and obtuse^ greyish : head grey, paler in front : thorax and patagia 
grey : antennse greyish. Pore wings — nearly three times as long as wide, the costa (with an 
appressed fold in the male) straight ; apical margin slightly convex ; dorsal margin bulged 
towards the base — rather speckled grey, with a triangular dorsal spot, of which the obtuse 
apex does not reach the costa ; a fascia beyond the middle narrowly separated from the costa, 
posteriorly diminishing in width to the dorsal margin, and an apical blotch reaching nearly 
to the anal angle brownish fuscous, narrowly margined at the sides with greyish-white 
lines, leaving the grey ground-colour of the wing appearing as a basal patch; a central 
fascia widest on the dorsal margin, and an evenly narrow fascia from the anal angle; 
all connected along the costa. Hind wings and cilia brown. 1 J* . Expanse of wings 
17 millims. 

Texas. 



Pasdisca palpana. (Plate LXXII. fig. 8.) 

Palpi cinereous grey, roughly and widely clothed with long hairs projecting twice the 
length of the head beyond it : head tufted in front, slightly paler than the palpi : antennae 
cinereous. Pore wings — with a small appressed costal fold; costa slightly arched; apical 
margin oblique, rather concave — cinereous whitish, streaked and mottled with olivaceous 
brown, with some few fuscous scales, especially towards the base, and a triangular spot on the 
dorsal margin beyond the middle : the pale ocellated spot contains the usual three black 
streaks or spots ; some white oblique geminated costal streaks tending towards the apical 
margin. Hind wings brownish fuscous. 5 (^, 1 $ . Expanse of wings 14 millims. 

Mount Shasta, California, August 1871. 



Paedisca abbreviatana. (Plate LXXII. fig. 9.) 

The head and the palpi, which project scarcely more than its length beyond it, cinereous 
grey. The fore wings — rather more than twice as long as wide, with the costa scarcely 
arched ; the apical margin oblique, not impressed, and an appressed costal fold in the male — 
whitish grey, shaded and blotched with greyish fuscous, sometimes with a ferruginous tinge 
over the apical portion of the wing : at the outer edge of the greyish -fuscous basal patch is 
a brownish-fuscous abbreviated dorsal fascia ; beyond it, running from the costa obliquely 
towards the anal angle, is an irregular ill-defined and sometimes interrupted fascia of the 
same colour : some short brownish-fuscous costal streaks blend with a rather ferruginous- 
brown shade which covers the apical portion of the wing : the ocellated patch is margined 
externally with rather shining grey, and contains a black spot on its inner, and three black 



P^DISCA. — SEMASIA. 55 

streaks on its outer side : cilia greyish^ touched with fuscous. Hind Things pale brown, with 
greyish cilia. 2 ^ . Expanse of wings 11 millims. 
At the beginning of August 1872, Washington. 



Paedisca solicitana. (Plate LXXII. fig. 10.) 

Grapholita solicitana, WaVc. Cat. Lep. Het. sxyiii. p. 387. 
Halonota ? packardiana, Clem. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 417. 

Palpi projecting about half the length of the head beyond it, whitish grey ; the apex of 
the second joint much dilated ; the apical joint not exposed : head and antennae whitish 
grey. Fore wings — with an appressed costal fold at the base in the male ; the costa slightly 
arched; apical margin indented, slightly oblique — whitish grey, transversely streaked and 
mottled with ferruginous over the apical half of the wing; some slender brownish costal 
streaklets divide the pale ground-colour into five oblique geminated streaks, which, partially 
blending, acquire a bluish metallic lustre posteriorly, and are continued in angulated lines 
across the wing : the basal patch is brownish, irrorated with fuscous scales, occupying fully one 
third of the dorsal margin ; its outer edge leaving the dorsal margin at first straight, but 
quickly becoming oblique, is strongly angulated about the middle : two shining metallic steel- 
blue patches, each preceded by some short black dashes, form the ocellated spot above the 
anal angle : cilia greyish white, tipped with black and having a very distinct black line along 
their base. Hind wings pale brownish grey, with a distinct line of the same colour running 
within the paler cilia. Type $ . 

Nova Scotia. From Lieutenant Redman's coUeetion. 

There is also in the Museum a male, which I received from Professor Fernald. 

Walker describes the following additional species under the generic name Paedisca : — 

Paedisca inquietana, Walk. : see Sericoris inquietana, p. 35. 

diffinana, Walk., = Paedisca improbana, p. 51. 

albicepsana, Walk., = " Anchylopera " striatana, Clem. 

procellariana, one of the Pyralidse. 



SEMASIA, H.-S. 

Semasia radiatana. (Plate LXXIII. fig. 1.) 

Palpi tinged with brownish fuscous externally, paler on the inner side, projecting fully the 
length of the head beyond it; the second joint much thickened anteriorly, the apical joint not 
exposed : head pale fawn-colour ; antennse brownish : thorax pale fawn, tinged with brownish 
at the sides. Fore wings — with the costa slightly arched, the apex acute, apical margin 



56 TOETEICID^. 

oblique^ scarcely concave — whitisli fawn-colour^ longitudinally streaked witli darker shades : 
from the base are tAvo brownish shades^ one above and one below the middle^ the latter the 
most conspicuous^ blending with some streaks of the same colour^ which are continued along 
the cell, terminating in a brownish-fuscous spot at its lower extremity : from the apical 
margin pointing inwards are six narrow brown wedge-shaped dashes following the veins to 
the end of the cell, interrupted by two pale elongated spots, one before the apex, the other 
below the middle : the anal angle shaded with brown : cilia irrorated with brownish fuscous, 
with a slender whitish line along their base. Hind wings brownish, with paler cilia. Type ^ . 
Expanse ot wings 24 millims. 

From the Eastern States of North America. 



Semasia? elongana. (Plate LXXIII. fig. 2.) 

Palpi stone-grey, very long, projecting more than three times the length of the head 
beyond it ; the second joint thickened in the middle, clothed with long hair -like scales, 
enveloping and concealing the short slender apical joint : antennse stone-grey, pubescent in 
the male. Fore wings— about three times as long as wide, with the costa straight, slightly 
depressed towards the apex ; apex produced ; apical margin very oblique, not indented — 
whitish stone-grey, mixed with dull ochreous and fuscous scales : on the dorsal half of the 
basal portion of the wing is an inconspicuous oblique ochreous shade mixed with fuscous ; 
from the middle of the costa is a very faint indication of an abbreviated oblique fascia ; 
towards the apex are some inconspicuous whitish costal streaks, blending towards the sub- 
lustrous white outer margin of the ocellated spot, which contains two black streaks : the 
apical margin is tinged with ochreous ; the cilia irregularly tinged with purplish fuscous, a 
slender pale line along their base. Hind wings ample, pale brownish grey : cilia as on the 
fore wings; vein 4 absent.- 2 J*. Expanse of wings 25 milHms. 

Northern Oregon, middle of April 1872. 

This is one of several species in which vein 4 of the hind wings appears to be obsolete. 
They agree in neuration with pupillana, Linn., and wimmerana, Tr., placed in the genus 
Semasia by Heinemann, but scarcely with the distinguishing characters of the neuration of 
the genus as stated by that author in his synopsis (Schmett. p. 100), viz. " Ast 3. und 4. 
der Hinterfliigel auf gemeinschaftlichem Stiele;'^ and again, in the same volume (Tabelle 
der Gattungen, p. 2), " Der Mittelast der Plinterfliigel gegen seinen Ursprung deutlich 
gebogen und convergirt daselbst mit Ast 4." In the length of the palpi and in the form of 
the fore wings it is also somewhat peculiar. I have placed it with some hesitation in this 
genus, at least provisionally. 



Semasia artemisiana. (Plate LXXIII. fig. 3.) 
Head white, tafted in front, with a slight ochreous tinge above, the palpi projecting more 



SEMASIA. 57 

than its length beyond it : antennae with the basal joint thickened. Fore wings milk-white; 
the cilia bright chestnut-brown^ with an inconspicuous oblique pale olive-grey fascia from 
near the base to the middle of the dorsal margin; another of the same colour from the 
middle of the costa, joining a bright chestnut-brown streak which divides the subobsolete 
ocellated spot above the anal angle ; this streak contains two or three black scales and some 
few sublustrous silvery- white ones : underside glossy pale chestnut, the costa narrowly white. 
The hind wings pale grey, faintly shaded with chestnut, especially along the margins ; vein 4 
of the hind wings is absent. Type c^" . Expanse of wings 22 millims. 

A single larva, found July 29th, 1871, near Mount Shasta, California, drawing together 
the leaves of leading shoots of a species of Artemisia, produced a male in the following month. 
The species is allied to the European S. pupillana, L. 



Semasia scalana. (Plate LXXIII, fig. 4.) 

Head cinereous grey ; palpi cinereous grey above, white at the base beneath, thickly 
clothed, extending nearly twice the length of the head beyond it : antennae fuscous above, 
paler beneath. Fore wings — oblong, three times as long as wide, the costa arched towards 
the base; apical margin oblique, not perceptibly indented — reddish chocolate-brown; a few 
scattered whitish scales at the base ; an oblique white, rather shining fascia from before the 
middle of the costa to beyond the middle of the dorsal margin, divided by a narrow pale yel- 
lowish-buff line ; some shining silvery streaks from the costa beyond the middle, divided by 
pale yellowish fawn-colour, and extending to the ocellated spot, which is irrorated with 
fuscous in its upper half, and contains in its lower half a patch of twelve (sometimes 
sixteen) square black dots, divided into two groups of six or eight each by a lustrous steel- 
blue streak, and margined on both sides by lustrous steel-blue : cilia whitish, irrorated 
with fuscous. Hind wings brownish grey; vein 4 absent. 4 c?.- Expanse of wings 
16 millims. 

June 1872, on the borders of California and Oregon. 



Semasia columbiana. (Plate LXXIII. fig. 5.) 

Head, thorax, and palpi speckled grey, the latter paler beneath, projecting about the 
length of the head beyond it : antennae simple. Fore wings whitish, thickly irrorated with 
greyish fuscous ; in the male three times as long as wide ; costa very slightly bulged near the 
base ; apical margin scarcely sinuated ; dorsal margin convex towards the base ; a basal patch, 
occupying the first third of the wing, sometimes greyish fuscous, sometimes buflP-brown, and 
sometimes pale brownish buflp, margined with fuscous ; an oblique fascia of a corresponding 
colour, sinuated on its inner edge, near the dorsal margin, sometimes with a branch towards 
the costa before the apex ; a few sublustrous whitish streaks in the apical portion of the wmg. 



58 T0ETE1CIDJ5. 

and a pale ocellutcd spot above the anal angle, including two black spots, externally margined 
by bluisli lustrous scales. Hind wings whitish grey, with a faint tinge of reddish brown 
towards the margins; vein 4 absent. 3 (^, 1 $ . Expanse of wings 13-16 millims. 
April 17th, 1872, North Oregon, near the Columbia River. 

Semasia decempunctana, (Plate LXXIII. fig. 6.) 

Head, palpi, and antennae grey ; palpi short, well clothed, the apical joint not exposed ; 
patagia brownish buff. Fore wings — with the costa scarcely arched; apical margin very 
oblique, not concave ; dorsal margin rounded near the base — greyish white, a rusty buff- 
coloured shade at the base, blending into tbe pale ground-colour beyond ; the first third of the 
wing with a wedge-shaped projection on its outer edge, reaching neai-ly to the middle ; an 
indistinct narrow oblique biiff-brown fascia beyond the middle, some white-margined buff 
spots on the costa beyond it, and a buff line, internally white-margined, along the upper half 
of the apical margin; an ocellated spot above the anal angle is divided transversely by a 
double row of ten black dots, and contains some faint silvery lines. Hind wings whitish grey, 
shaded witb greyish brown along the margin; vein 4 is present in this species. 4 J* . 
Expanse of wings 18 millims. 

Fort The Dalles, Oregon, April 20th, 1872. 

Semasia perangustana. (Plate LXXIII. fig. 7.) 

Face whitish.; the head rather greyish ochreous above; palpi projecting rather more 
than tbe length of the head beyond it, dusky whitish; the antennae less than half the length 
of the fore wings, not pubescent. Fore wings — more than three times as long as wide, the 
apical margin very oblique, scarcely indented ; the costa very slightly arched — olivaceous 
ochreous, sparsely irrorated with a few fuscous scales; some rather shining whitish costal 
streaks beyond the middle, with some few fuscous scales between them, and a pale rather 
shining whitish ocellated spot above the anal angle, including two or more short black streaks ; 
a fuscous line along the apical margin at the base of the cilia, which are shaded with fuscous 
along their middle, but tipped with white. Hind wings greyish; vein 4 absent. 2 cj. 
Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

June 1872, Siskiyou Mountains, extreme north of California. 

Semasia lapidana. (Plate LXXIII. fig. 8.) 

Palpi compactly clothed, rather club-shaped, moderately short, projecting scarcely the 
lengtb of the head beyond it; the apical joint not exposed; together vpith the head mixed 
greyish white and fuscous : antennae in both sexes scarcely pubescent. Fore wings — three 
times as long as wide, the costa scarcely arched ; apex rounded ; apical margin very oblique 
■ — yellowish stone-colour, densely irrorated with greyish-white and greyish- fuscous scales: an 



SEMASIA. 59 

indistinct dusky grey line runs along the apical margin, more or less conjointly with another 
at the base of the stone-grey cilia. Hind wings with vein 3 forked near the margin in female, 
and in one wing only of the male ; rather shining whitish grey in the female, more greyish in 
the male, slightly emarginate below the apex, especially in the male, with a slender redupli- 
cated darker line along the base of the cilia. 1 (3^, 2 ? . Expanse of wings 15 millims. 
September 22nd, 1871, Crooked Eiver, near Klamath Lake, Southern Oregon. 

The difference in vein 3 of the two hind wings of the male above described led me to 
re-examine it very carefully ; for had it been a female or an hermaphrodite I should have been 
disposed to consider this species and the following as only opposite sexes of the same ; but 
the specimen is in all respects a true male, the frenulum on both sides being single ; and it 
differs as decidedly as the female from Semasia sublapidana. . 



Semasia suWapidana. (Plate LXXIII. fig. 9.) 

Palpi hirsute, projecting about the length of the head beyond it, roughly clothed with 
long hair-like scales, mixed greyish white and fuscous ; the head and base of antennse roughly 
clothed and tufted with scales of the same colour : antennse in the male strongly pubescent or 
ciliated. Fore wings — fully three times as long as wide, the costa almost straight ; apex 
rounded ; apical margin very oblique, the anal angle rather less defined than in the preceding 
species, giving the wing a more lanceolate appearance — ^yellowish stone-colour, densely irro- 
rated with whitish and greyish-fuscous scales ; an indistinct dusky grey line runs along the 
base of the stone-grey cilia ; a line of the same colour along the apical margin is broken into 
a continued series of indistinct spots : the yellowish-grey ground-coloiir of the wing is more 
visible towards the apical margin than in the preceding species. The hind wings very pale 
whitish grey ; a slender reduplicated greyish line along the base of the cilia ; vein 4 obsolete, 
i. e. vein-3 not forked. 4 ^ . Expanse of wings 16 millims. 

End of September 1871, near Klamath Lakes, Southern Oregon. 

This species in general appearance is singularly like the preceding one, S. lapidana ; and 
being from the same locality, I long failed to distinguish them, considering them as only dif- 
ferent sexes of the same species. The present species is slightly more slender than S. lapidana, 
and can be at once recognized by the lanceolate appearance of the fore wings, the hirsute 
palpi, and the very strongly pubescent antennse of the male. 

Semasia tenuiana. (Plate LXXIII. fig. 10.) 

Palpi greyish white, twice the length of the head, very thickly clothed with long hairs 
projecting beyond the apical joint; antennae stouter and sbghtly pubescent in the male; head 
and thorax greyish white. Fore wings — more than three times as long as wide, the costa 
slightly arched ; apical margin very oblique — whitish, with a slight ochreous tinge, streaked 
and irrorated with cinereous ; several small oblique cinereous streaks from the costa, the most 

i2 



GO TOETEICID/E. 

conspicuous one being about the middle, extended towards the rather shining white ocellated 
spot, which contains two black streaks, and is surrounded by a cinereous shade : an ob]iqu.e 
abbreviated cinereous streak above the dorsal margin, before the middle of the wing, is pre- 
ceded by a pale reddish ochreous shade along the base of the dorsal margin : cilia white, 
tipped and dusted with cinereous. Hind wings whitish with a faint rosy tinge ; vein 4 pre- 
sent in the form of a short fork from vein 3 very near the margin. 1 (^ , 1 ? . Expanse of 
wings 15 millims. 

September 3rd, 1871, Siskiyou County, California. 



Semasia parvana. (Plate LXXIV. fig. 1.) 

Palpi scarcely longer than the head, greyish above, fuscous at the sides ; antennse greyish 
fawn. Pore wings — three times as long as wide, the apical margin slightly concave — whitish 
ochreous with a slight fawn-coloured tinge, streaked and dusted with cinereous ; some abbre- 
viated streaks along the costa, that in the middle being the most conspicuous ; an irrorated 
cinereous shade along the dorsal half of the wing, extending to the rather ochreous ocellated 
spot, which contains some lustrous white scales and two black streaks : a cinereous line along 
the apical margin before the base of the cilia, which are ochreous white, dusted with cinereous. 
Hind wings very pale greyish white ; cilia white. 2 (^ . Expanse of wings 11^ millims. 

April 1872, North Oregon. 

This species is very like Semasia tenuiana in general appearance, but is smaller and rather 
more ochreous ; moreover the venation of the hind wings is diiferent, vein 3 having no branch 
near the hind margin as in that species. 

Semasia stramineana. (Plate LXXIV. fig. 2.) 

Head, palpi, antennae, and fore wings pale straw-colour, the latter more than three times 
as long as wide ; the apical margin slightly concave ; the male with several short oblique 
brown streaks from the costa, alternated with shining whitish towards the apex; a slight 
ochreous shade before the sublustrous ocellated spot, which contains the usual two black 
streaks ; a narrow brown line along the apical margin, and a line of fuscous scales at the base 
of the cilia. Female — fore wings nearly unicolorous ; the costal streaks and the line along the 
apical margin scarcely indicated. Hind wings whitish; vein 4 absent. 1 cj, 1 ? . Expanse 
of wings 11^ millims. 

Denver, July 1872. 

Semasia minimana. (Plate LXXIV. fig. 3.) 

Head whitish ; the palpi whitish, touched with greyish fuscous at the sides ; antennae 
whitish. Fore wings — more than three times as long as wide, the apical margin very oblique. 



SEMASIA. 61 

not indented — whitish, delicately spotted with fuscous : the costa with abbreviated fuscous 
streaks beyond the middle; an indistinct, rather shining, ocellated spot above the anal angle, 
containing two black streaks ; several irregular fuscous spots and irrorations towards the base 
of the wing : cilia white, irrorated with fuscous. Hind wings whitish ; vein 4 absent. 1 cj , 1 ? . 
Expanse of wings 10 millims. 

Siskiyou County, California, Sept. 3rd, 1871. 



Semasia argenticostana, (Plate LXXIV. fig. 4.) 

Palpi short ; the second joint thickly clothed with long hairs below, giving them a trian- 
gular appearance ; these, with the antennse, head, and patagia whitish grey. Fore wings — fully 
three times as long as wide, apex produced, acute ; apical margin concave ; the costa (without 
a costal fold in the male) not arched ; the dorsal margin convex towards the base — dusky 
fawn-grey, with a silvery-white streak along the costa from the base to beyond the middle, 
where it leaves the costa and is divided into narrow, waved, and ragged branches, the upper 
one reaching to a small triangular white spot at the apex ; a silvery-white streak along the 
middle of the wing, not sharply pointed, extends nearly to the ocellated patch, which is whitish, 
containing several small black spots ; the dorsal margin is dull grey ; cilia whitish, thickly 
speckled with grey. Hind wings pale brownish grey, with whitish cilia ; vein 4 present. 
1 ^ , 2 ? . Expanse of wings 21 millims. 

Northern Oregon, April 17th, 1872. 

This species must be nearly allied to the Grapholitha spiculana of Zeller (Verb. z.-b. Ges. 
Wien, XXV. p. 289, pi. ix. fig. 23) ; but Prof. Fernald, who is well acquainted with the type in the 
Cambridge (Mass.) Museum, assures me that it is quite distinct. Through the kindness 
of Prof. Zeller I have had the opportunity of comparing it with his original draAving of G. 
spiculana, from which it differs chiefly in the form of the costal markings near the apex and 
in the more bliinted termination of the narrower middle streak, also in the absence of a spot 
on the middle of the costa. 



Semasia griseocapitana. (Plate LXXIV. fig. 5.) 

Head and palpi yellowish white ; the palpi roughly clothed with long scales projecting 
beyond the apical joint, touched with fuscous towards the apex; antennse slightly pubescent 
in the male. Fore wings — with the costa somewhat arched; hind margin oblique, slightly 
concave — yellowish white, streaked and irrorated with olive-brown ; some straight olive-brown 
streaks across the middle of the wing near the base, with spots of the same colour along the 
costa above them ; the costa towards the apex and the upper part of the apical margin 
yellowish ochreous, streaked obliquely from the costa with brown and shining white ; a, con- 
spicuous shining white wedge-shaped mark near the apex, and a shade of irroi'ated fuscous 



62 TOETEICID^. 

scales aboA'^e the shining white ocellated spot^ which contains two or more black streaks or 
spots; the cilia white, irroratecl with fnscous. Hind wing pale brownish grey; vein 4 
present. 1 (^,2 $. Expanse of wings 18 millims. 

Mount Shasta^, kc, California, August and September 1871. 

Semasia pallidicostana. (Plate LXXIV. fig. 6.) 

Palpi short, white, clothed to the apex ; head white j thorax white, somewhat tinged with 
grey posteriorly ; antennae greyish. Fore wings — with the costa slightly arched ; apical margin 
scarcely concave below the apex — olivaceous gTey; milky white along the costa, with some 
fuscous-grey (sometimes pale brownish) oblique streaks beyond the middle ; an ocellated spot 
above the anal angle, lined with sublustrous grey, narrowly on the outer, widely on the inner 
edge, with two broken black streaks across it. Hind wings brownish grey, the veins and 
margins more darkly indicated; vein 4 present; cilia whitish grey. 1 cJ, 1 ? . Expanse 
of wings 17 millims. 

May and June 1871, Sonoma and Lake Counties, California. 

Allied to the " Anchylopera " striatana of Clemens, which is the " Paedisca albicepsana " of 
Walker, but wanting the white middle streak along the cell. 

Semasia infuscana. (Plate LXXIV. fig. 7.) 

Head cinereous^ sometimes brownish above : palpi projecting about the length of the head 
beyond it ; cinereous : antennae pubescent in the male. Fore wings — more than twice as 
long as wide ; apical margin oblique, slightly indented in the middle — cinereous, much clouded 
with brownish fuscous, especially about the costal half of the wing, the line of demarcation 
being waved or angulated ; the pale, almost obsolete ocellated spot contains a few black scales, 
and is preceded by a triangular fuscous-brown shade on the dorsal margin ; the apex and 
upper half of the apical margin brownish, partly obscured by a fuscous shade extending 
through the cilia. Hind wings pale fuscous; cilia greyish; vein 4 present. 1 (^, 1 $ . 
Expanse of wings 21 millims. 

San Francisco, May 1871. 

Semasia? oregonana. (Plate LXXIV. fig. 8.) 

Head cinereous, tufted above : palpi short; the second joint thickly clothed; third joint 
comparatively bare : antennae pubescent in the male. Fore wings fuscous grey, more or less 
faintly shaded with cinereous or brownish-fuscous streaks and spots. The more usual variety 
is nearly unicolorous, with a few streaks only visible towards the apical portion of the wing 
and with a very faintly indicated basal patch outwardly angulated about the middle. A more 
strongly-marked variety, female, has the basal patch more distinctly defined, covering the basal 



SEMASIA. 63 

third of the wing, with a triangular patch before the anal angle, and some ill-defined small 
blotches above it towards the apex, with some fuscous streaks passing through or between 
them from the costa before the apex towards the apical margin and anal angle. The hind 
wings are pale brownish fuscous, paler beneath^ especially in the female : anal tuft with an 
ochreous tinge in both sexes. 6 (5* , 1 ? . Expanse of wings 19 millims. 

I met with this species in some abundance at Camp Watson, on the John Day^s River, 
about 70 miles from Canyon City, in Oregon, in the beginning of April 1872, and have in my 
own collection several varieties intermediate between the two above noticed ; but the insect is 
very plain in its colouring, and, although very distinct, is by no means a striking species. 

Semasia amphorana. (Plate LXXIV. fig. 9.) 

Palpi greyish fuscous, depressed, much widened in the middle, thickly clothed to the 
apex, not twice the length of the head : antenna! slightly pubescent in the male ; greyish 
fuscous: head and thorax greyish fuscous. Fore wings — three times as long as wide, the 
costa nearly straight, with no costal fold in the male ; apical margin oblique — whitish grey, 
almost entirely shaded with fuscoiis from the base to beyond the middle, leaving only a few 
wavy grey streaks : beyond the middle is an ocellated mark o£ the form of a double-handled 
bottle, extending over the entire width of the wing ; the lower half of this within the anal 
angle is occupied by a collection of twelve rather square black dots in two groups of six each, 
divided and margined at the sides by shining silvery scales ; the upper half is crossed by two 
transverse greyish-fuscous lines, the short neck of the bottle opening on the costa, the margins 
and handles being marked out internally with greyish fuscous, externally with sublustrous 
silvery lines : cilia shining greyish fuscous : underside pale shining yellowish grey. Hind 
wings pale brownish fuscous; cilia paler. 7^,1 ? . Expanse of wings 17-21 millims. 

Beginning of April, Camp Watson, on John Day^s Eiver, Oregon. 

This species greatly resembles Padisca dodecana of Zeller in the character of its orna- 
mentation, especially in the cluster of black dots. The absence of a costal fold and the much 
darker colour of the fore wings at once distinguish it. 

Semasia refusana. (Plate LXXIV. fig. 10.) 

Grapholita refusana, Walle. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 382. 

Palpi projecting about the length of the head beyond it, together with the head rough 
brownish ochreous ; the apical joint not exposed : antennae brownish, slightly pubescent. 
Fore wings — with the costa slightly arched, apex rounded ; apical margin oblique, slightly 
indented — dull cinereous ochreous, profusely irrorated with brownish scales, giving the whole 
wing, excepting the parts adjacent to the costal margin, a dull brownish appearance ; there 
are some abbreviated brownish streaks towards the apex alternating with silvery- grey metallic 
lines, which are continued round the margins of the ocellated spot ; this contains five black 



64 TORTMCIDiE. 

dots, throe before aiul two beyond a metallic silvery-grey middle streak; there is a line of 
brownish seales along the apical margin ; and the cilia are much suffused with brownish. 
Hind wings dull brownish grey, with paler cilia. Abdomen brownish fuscous, with pale anal 
tuft. Type ^ . Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

St. ]Martin's Falls, Albany Kiver, Hudson's Bay. Presented by Dr. Barnston. 

Semasia perstructana. (Plate LXXV. fig. 1.) 
Sciaphila perstructana, Wall: Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 343. 

Palpi projecting fully the length of the head beyond it ; the second joint thickly clothed, 
obtuse; the apical joint exposed : antennae not pubescent. Fore wings — with the costa almost 
straight, the apical margin oblique, slightly impressed below the apex — dark brownish 
fuscous, with several shining, short, geminated costal streaks ; the third pair from the apex 
blending into a shining steel-blue double band, outwardly angulated above the middle, the 
others towards the apex being also tipped with steel-blue metallic streaks ; the ocelloid patch 
is bright shining metallic steel-blue on its inner and outer sides ; a square dirty-whitish sub- 
lustrous patch on the middle of the dorsal margin is interrupted by three slender brownish- 
fuscous lines, the middle one being the thickest : cilia shining brassy whitish, with a slender 
fuscous line along their base. Hind wings pale brownish fuscous, with paler cilia. Type ? . 
Expanse of wings 13 millims. 

St. Martinis Falls, Albany River, Hudson's Bay. Presented by Dr. Barnston. 

HYSTEICHOPHORA.* 

Caput hirsute vestitum. Palpi ultra apices hirsute vestiti, capite quasi ter longiores, 
articulo medio triangulari, apicali brevissimo. Antennae maris subpubescentes. Alee anticce 
parum ornatce, costa arcuatd ( J" revolucro nullo), apice depresso pcene falcato, margine apicali 
suboblique concave, dorsali convexo ; venis duodecim singulis. Alee postica vend media prope 
quartam ortd, margine postico sub apice vix impresso. 

Head thickly clothed with long hair-like scales, projecting forward between the antennae: 
palpi also roughly clothed with long hair-like scales, which extend considerably beyond the 
end of the short apical joint, projecting twice the length of the head beyond it; the second 
joint thickened in the middle above, almost triangular ; the apical joint very short, obtuse. 
Fore wings with the costa evenly arched, the apex produced and depressed, but scarcely 
falcate ; the apical margin slightly oblique, concave ; dorsal margin rounded ; the male 
without a costal fold ; veins 12, all separate at their origin. Hind wings with the outer 
margin slightly indented below the apex, rather wide, with long cilia ; the median vein with 
long hairs above at the base ; vein 5 arising near the same point as 4. The inner spur of 
hind tarsi considerably longer than the outer. 

♦ * v(TTpi-^os, brush ; fopely, to bear. 



HTSTEICHOPHOEA. — GRAPHOLITHA. 65 

This genus may be distinguished from Phoxopteryx, Tr., and from Steganoptycha, H.-S., 
by its longer and more conspicuous palpij as well as by tbe form of their middle joint, from 
Semasia by its less oblique apical margin and almost falcate apex, and from Pcsdisca by tbe 
absence of a costal fold in the male ; wbilst the venation of the hind wings separates it from 
GrapJiolitha, Tr. It seems, perhaps, more nearly allied to Phoxopteryx tban to any other 
genus hitherto characterized ; but until it may find its place in some general revision of the 
group, the peculiarities of the species under description seem to demand for it a new generic 
as well as specific definition. 

Type Hystrichophora leonana. 

Hystrichophora leonana. (Plate LXXV. figs. 2 & 3.) 
Palpi three times the length of the head, roughly clothed with long hairs projecting 
beyond the short apical joint ; tawny fawn-colour : antennae slightly pubescent in the male. 
The fore wings — fully twice as long as wide, with the costa arched (male without a costal fold), 
the apex produced, apical margin concave, dorsal margin convex — tawny fawn-colour, paler 
towards the costa, with oblique fulvous costal streaks, the first two or three meeting at right 
angles above the middle of the wing, others less distinct running to the dorsal margin ; the 
most conspicuous of these costal streaks, which runs to the middle of the apical margin, is 
followed by a sublustrous metallic streak of equal length and by some smaller metallic streaks 
beyond it towards the apex ; the ocellated patch contains also some sublustrous metallic 
scales, and sometimes two or three black dots ; a tawny line runs along the apical margin at 
the base of the cilia, which are tipped with shining golden brown. Hind wings grey, with 
paler cilia. 4(^,1$. Expanse of wings 19 millims. 

Var. aurantiana. 
Pore wings golden saffron streaked with golden brown, paler towards the costa. 2 J* . 

This cannot be considered a distinct species ; it differs only in colour, the shape and 
position of the markings being the same as in the type. 

The typical form occurred from the middle of May to the middle of June 1871, in 
Sonoma, Lake, and Mendocino Counties, California ; the bright variety in Shasta County in 
the middle of July. 

GRAPHOLITHA (iy.-/S.), fiem. 

Grapholitlia vitrana. (Plate LXXV. fig. 5.) 

Head greyish fuscous : the palpi short, clothed with long scales below ; the apical joint 
almost concealed ; greyish fuscous, whitish at the sides and beneath : antennae greyish 
fuscous, simple in both sexes. Fore wings olivaceous fuscous, irrorated about the middle 
with greyish-white scales, and streaked with slender greyish-white lines on the the apical 
half ; some dull white geminated streaks on the costa merging into shining brassy lines, two 
of which enclose the greyish ocellated patch with its few black scales or streaks ; the first of 



C)0 TOETEICID.E. 

tlicsc two, forming tlic inner margin of tlie occllatcd patch, is angiilatcd at the middle, becoming 
as it wore a narroAv fascia dividing the irrorated from the striated portion of the wing : the 
cilia arc shilling brassy, with a fuscous line along their base slightly interrupted below the 
apex. Hind wings pale brownish, with whitish cilia. Abdomen annulated with olivaceous 
and whitish grey. 4 6 . Expanse of wings 17 millims. 
April 187.2, Northern Oregon. 

Grapholitha cseruleana. (Plate LXXV. fig. 6.) 

Palpi short, obtuse, greyish ; head and antennae fuscous. Fore wings bronzy brownish 
fuscoiis, indistinctly marked from the costa before the middle with some shining purplish 
metalhc scales : beyond the middle is a narrow shining augulated metallic fascia ; the upper 
half, sloping outwards fi-om the costa, is of a beautiful lilac or purplish tinge ; the lower half, 
which forms the straight internal margin of the ocellated patch, is brassy yellow : beyond this 
fascia from the costa are first a group of three metallic white and lilac streaks, the outer one 
being the longest, then a single streak of the same colour nearly reaching the straight brassy 
yellow external margin of the ocellated patch, which contains two or more black streaks, and 
beyond this two more short whitish' costal streaks before the apex, terminated with shining 
lilac : the cilia are shining lilac grey, with a black line along their base, sometimes interrupted 
by a whitish-lilac spot below the apex. Hind wings pale brownish fuscous : cilia whitish. 
Abdomen fuscous, the segments indicated by greyish-fuscous bands. 1 (J, 1 $ . Expanse of 
wings 13 millims. 

Bouge River, South Oregon, May 1872. 

Grapholitha conversana. (Plate LXXV. fig. 7.) 

This species differs from the preceding in having a slightly oblique wedge-shaped whitish 
spot on the middle of the dorsal margin, interrupted (not divided as in G. inter stinctana, Clem.) 
by a short streak of the dark ground-colour, and connected at an angle on the middle of the 
wing with two metallic costal streaks : the metallic margins of the ocellated patch are not 
parallel as in G. ccsruleana, but slightly converging towards the dorsal margin. 3 c? , 1 $ . 

Taken at the beginning of April 1872, at Camp Watson, on John Day^s river; also met 
with in Central Oregon. 

Grapholitha lunatana. (Plate LXXV. fig. 8.) 

Head, antennae, and palpi greyish fuscous. Fore wings — nearly three times as long as 
wide, the apical margin very oblique, the apex rounded — fuscous brown, with a white slender 
obliquely crescent-shaped dorsal streak before the middle, above which are two indistinct 
sublustrous costal streaks ; beyond these is a slender angulated metallic fascia, whitish at the 
costa, preceding the ocellated patch, which is followed by a similar fascia, and contains some 



GEAPHOLITHA. 67 

black transverse lines ; above it^ on the costa and between the fascisej are three abbreviated 
whitish costal streaks^ tipped vrith shining lilac ; and before the apex are two similar streaks, 
the outer one almost communicating with a pale dot in the cilia below the apex : cilia sublus- 
trous greyish, with a black line along their base. Hind wings whitish grey, with paler cilia. 
4 c? . Expanse of wings 14 millims. 
April 1872, North Oregon. 

Grapholitha americana. (Plate LXXV. figs. 9 & 10.) 

Palpi scarcely longer than the head, fuscous brown, paler beneath; the apical joint 
visible : head, thorax, and antennae fuscous brown. Fore wings — more than twice as long as 
wide, the costa evenly arched, apical margin scarcely indented below the apex, rather 
oblique — fuscous brown, much overrun with rather shining bluish-purple streaks and 
blotches; a large conspicuous white triangular spot on the middle of the dorsal margin, 
having a slight excrescence at its outer edge, and sometimes containing at its base a few 
broAvnish-fuscous scales ; an ocellated spot is faintly indicated by two or three black streaks 
or spots between two of the purplish shining bands above the anal angle : underside — male, 
glossy greyish brown ; female, dull fuscous brown. Hind wings — male whitish, much shaded 
towards the margin with fuscous brown, cilia greyish ; female fuscous brown, cilia the same. 
2 (J, 2 ¥ . Expanse of wings 17 millims. 

Mendocino County, California, June 12th, 1871. 

Grapholitlia trossulana. (Plate LXXVI. fig. 1.) 

Palpi short and tufted, the apical joint not exposed : head, palpi, thorax, antennae, arid 
fore wings pale ochreous fawn-colour. The fore wings — nearly three times as long as wide,- the 
costa slightly arched, apical margin concave — with some oblique shining steel- coloured costal 
streaks beyond the middle, communicating with the margins of the ocellated spot, which are 
also bright steel-colour, enclosing at its upperside three black streaks ; above it is an oblique, 
black, detached streak ; the anal angle is also irrorated with black ; and there are a few 
scattered black scales on the basal third of the wing below the middle : the apex is ferruginous : 
the cilia whitish, tipped with fuscous, and with a black line along their base : a pale dash from 
the middle of the apical margin runs through the upper end of the ocellated patch. Hind 
wings greyish fuscous, with paler cilia. 1 (J. Expanse of wings 13 millims. 

Hatchet Creek, Shasta County, California, July 15th, 1871. 

In the genus " Grapholita" (but evidently not using the name in the limited sense 
intended by Heinemann in his subgenus Gi^apholitha, H.-S.)j Walker describes : — 

Grapholita refusana, Walk. : see Semasia refusana, p. 63. 

strenuana, Walk. : see Pcedisca strenuana, p. 52. 

exvagana, Walk., = P<Edisca strenuana, see p. 52. 

k2 



GS TOETRIOID^E. 

Grapholita disc'igcrana, Walk. : see Phoxopteryx discigerana, p. 72. 

co)i/h\vana, Walk., = Phoxopteryx comptana, Frol. 

divisana, Walk. : see Phoxopteryx divisana, p. 74. 

metamelana, Walk., = Phoxopteryx discigerana, see p, 72. 

discoferana, Walk., = ? " Anchylopera " spirecefoliaiia, Clem. 

sag/ f tana, Walk., = " Joplocama" formosana, Clem.. 

solicitana, Walk. : see Pcedisca solicitana, p. 55. 



PROTEOPTERYX*. 

Palpi breves, articulo secundo squamis supra et infra projectis vestito, articulum apicalem 
pcene occultantibus. Caput supra floccosum ; thorax plenus. Alee anticce ( $ revolucro costali 
mdJo) latitudine ter longiores, costd leviter arcuatd, margine apicali obliquo apud venam 
quartam subito inciso ; vents l^et S'^ vix separatim originatis, 8'^ adcostam finitd. Alee posticcB 
subovatce, sub apice leviter impressce, venis iis Grapliolitlise similibus : colores varii, dimidio dorsali 
scepius costce dissimili, capite huic vel illi concolori. 

Palpi short, projecting about the length of the head beyond it, compressed ; the second 
joint thickly clothed with long scales, projecting below and around the scarcely exposed apical 
joint ; thorax stout ; abdomen rather broad, slightly tufted in male. Fore wings without a 
costal fold in the male, fully three times as long as wide ; the costa gently and evenly arched ; 
apical margin oblique, abruptly indented on branch 4 ; veins 7 and 8 scarcely separate at 
their origin ; branch 8 ending in the costa : the dorsal margin bulging at the base, nearly 
straight beyond. Hind wings subovate, slightly indented below the apex; branches 3 and 4 
from a common pedicle ; branch 5 not bent over at its origin, rather remote from branch 4, as 
in the genus Grapholitha : very variable in colouring, with indistinct abbreviated costal 
streaks ; the dorsal margin usually differing considerably in colour from the costal half of the 
wing ; an ill-defined ocellated spot above the anal angle. Head corresponding in colour some- 
times with the dorsal, sometimes with the costal margin. 

Type Proteopteryx emarginana. 

Proteopteryx emarginana. (Plate LXXVI. figs. 2-6.) 

Palpi short, projecting about the length of the head beyond it, with the head greyish 
white, reddish brown, or ferruginous, corresponding either with the costal or dorsal half of 
the wing : antennse simple in both sexes. Fore wings — fully three times as long as wide, with 
the costa slightly arched ; the apical margin oblique, abruptly indented ou vein 4 — whitish 
or reddish brown, usually with a prolonged dorsal patch from near the base to beyond the 
middle, extending over half the wing ; chocolate-brown, ochreous white, or ferruginous, in 
contrast to the paler or darker colour of the opposite half : the costa is slightly streaked ; the 

* irpwreus, Proteus ; Trrepv^, wing. 



PEOTEOPTERYX. 69 

ferruginous or ochreous ocellated spot ill-defined^ enclosed by paler streaks meeting at the 
anal angle: cilia greyish brown. Hind wings fuscous brown; cilia paler. 6 S, 3 ?. 
Expanse of wings 15-17 millims. 

About 40 specimens were taken in June 1871^ in Mendocino and Lake Counties^ 
California. 

Var. a. The costal and apical portions of the fore wings mottled brown^ with several 
short whitish geminated costal streaks ; the elongated dorsal blotchy as also the head and 
palpij ferruginous : antennse brown. 

Var. /3. The head and palpi reddish brown ; the costal and apical portion of the wings 
reddish brown, mottled Avith darker brown ; the elongated dorsal blotch and ocellated spot 
white tinted with ochreous ; some short whitish geminated costal streaks. 

Var. y has the head and palpi, together with the costal half of the fore wings and the 
ocellated spot, dirty whitish, with some short chocolate-brown costal streaks, the elongated 
dorsal blotch chocolate-brown, the apex tinged with brownish fuscous. 

In some varieties the character of the ornamentation is somewhat changed, the dorsal 
blotch being obsolete or merged in the generally mottled appearance of the wing, in which 
various shades are represented. Among all these, however, there appeared to be scarcely any 
variation in size. 

Later in the year I met with a smaller form, taking sixteen or eighteen specimens on 
Crooked River, in Oregon, in September. These are exactly similar in structure, but exhibit 
some differences in the general character of their ornamentation, which leads to a suspicion 
that they may be found to belong to a separate species. I have figured two of these specimens, 
in which it will be seen that the dorsal blotch is, as it were, continued into the ocellated patch, 
dividing the whole length of the wing more distinctly into two halves. 

Some specimens of the larger form approach this colouring ; but in none is it so distinct, 
and whereas in those it appears to be the exception, among the smaller specimens taken in 
September it is almost the rule. I shall not, however, venture to describe those two forms as 
specifically distinct, but would rather consider the smaller one as the more northern form, or 
perhaps the second or autumnal brood of the larger. 

Var. 8. Head, palpi, and cilia yellowish grey : antennse and costal half of fore wings, 
together with the extreme apical margin, dull brown ; the dorsal half, including the obsolete 
ocellated patch, stone-grey, the division between the two colours evenly undulating. 

Var. e. Head and elongated darsal blotch, together with the obsolete ocellated patch, 
ferruginous ; the costal half and extreme apical margin mottled whitish grey and dark brown, 
with short geminated pale costal streaks and an undulating line along the middle of the wing. 
3 cJ, 5 $ . Expanse of wings 14 millims. 



70 TOETEICIDtE. 

PTHOROBLASTIS, Led. 
Ptlioroblastis texanana. (Plate LXXVI. fig. 7.) 

Palpi short; tlic apical joint scarcely exposed^ together with the head and antennae 
ochreous drab : thorax stent, dnsky drab. Fore wings — more than twice as long as wide^ the 
costa arched ; apical margin oblique, scarcely indented below the apex — dull greyish drab, 
with a narrow obscure reddish-brown fascia from about the middle of the costa, margined on 
both sides with leaden grey to within the anal angle, forming with two leaden-grey streaks 
from its outer edge an almost equilateral triangle, from the apex of which a short narrow 
brown streak runs to the apex of the wing ; some short oblique geminated costal streaks and 
a narrow line along the apical margin dirty whitish, a row of black dots above the anal 
angle running parallel with the apical margin : cilia dull drab, with a fuscous line along their 
base. Hind wings fuscous brown. 3 ^ . Expanse of wings 13 millims. 

Texas, May and July 1875. 

CARPOCAPSA, Tr. 

Carpocapsa latiferreana. (Plate LXXVI. fig, 8.) 

Palpi short, scarcely thickened in the middle ; not profusely clothed ; together with the 
head and antennae brownish grey : thorax stout, speckled with grey and brown. Fore wings — 
about twice as long as wide, with the costa arched, apical margin scarcely indented below the 
apex — reddish brown^ speckled with grey towards the base, with a broad metallic bronzy 
median fascia, wider on the dorsal than on the costal margin ; some short geminated whitish- 
ochreous costal streaks beyond it, which are obliquely produced in shining metallic streaks 
towards the apical margin, along which runs a narrow black line at the base of the dusky-grey 
cilia : a large dark-margined metallic bronzy patch lies above the anal angle and before the 
ocellated patch (which contains some narrow black transverse streaks), with another smaller 
metallic spot beyond it. The hind wings are fuscous, paler towards the base, with whitish 
ochreous cilia. 2 ? . Expanse of wings 6-9 lines. 

Mendocino County, California, June 9th, 1871 ; also in Southern Oregon, May 1872. 

This species is very nearly allied to a species of which I have specimens from the Eastern 
States, and which Professor Fernald informs me is likely to be described by Professor Eiley 
under the name of orichalceana ; but the Western form now figured differs in its much wider 
metallic fascia, in the metallic patch above the anal angle not being produced as a second 
fascia to the costa, and in the costal streaks being less oblique and more distinct. I will not, 
however, anticipate the description of the allied species, which is not in the British-Museum 
collection. 

In this genus Walker describes : — 

Carpocapsa distigmana, Walk., == " PoRcUochroma " dorsisignatana, Clem. 

inexpertana, Walk. : see Penthina liebesana, p. 31. 

ferrolineana, Walk., = Sericoris coruscana, Clem. 

clavana, Walk., = Eocartema inornatanum, Clem. 



STEGANOPTYCHA. 71 

STEGANOPTYCHA, Stph. 
Steganoptycha liturana. (Plate LXXVI. fig. 9.) 

Head and palpi fawn-colour; the apical joint fuscous: antennse of tlie male ciliated 
Fore wings — three times as long as wide^ the costa slightly arched but flattened on the 
middle^ the apical margin not perceptibly impressed^ dorsal margin scarcely bulged near the 
base — ochraceous fawn-colour^ blotched and clouded with rich brown^ mixed with some fuscous ; 
an abbreviated half-fascia on the middle of the dorsal margin, with an almost obsolete pale 
spot from the costa above it, sometimes forming with it a sharply angulated fascia, and a 
blotch above the anal angle inwardly falcate at its upper end, both pale yellowish ochreous ; 
some pale spots on the costa towards" the apex and on the apical margin below it : the cilia 
pale ochreous, much tinged with fuscous, especially at the anal angle. Hind wings fuscous- 
brown. 2 cJ. Expanse of wings 5 5-6| millims. 

Rouge River, May 1872. 

Steganoptycha lagopana. (Plate LXXVI. fig. 10.) 

Head, palpi, and antennse chalky white. Fore wings chalky white, streaked along the 
costa with brownish fuscous : a quadrangular scarcely oblique brownish-fuscous spot on the 
dorsal margin before the middle, and another beyond the middle, sometimes meeting or 
almost meeting some less conspicuous markings coming from the costa above them. There 
are some streaks and shades of brown or brownish fuscous before the apex, and a black 
transverse streak at the upper edge of the ocellated patch above the anal angle, with one or 
two black dots below it. Hind wings brownish grey. 2 J", 3 ? . Expanse of wings 
15-22 millims. 

Colusa County, California, June 28th, 1871, 

This species is somewhat variable in its size, and in the arrangement and distinctness of 
its markings. 

Steganoptycha Mangulana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 1.) 

Palpi, thorax, and antennae smoky black ; the palpi extended about the length of the 
head beyond it ; the head black, with a rather greyish-black tuft above. The fore wings- 
three times as long as wide, with the costa slightly bent, the apex much rounded — ashy grey, 
irrorated with smoky black scales ; the costal half of the wing suffused with smoky black, the 
pale ground-colour cutting two angles in the lower edge of the black shade, one before and 
one beyond the middle ; a dark sooty spot at the apex pointing inwards, and several small 
sooty spots along the dorsal margin. Hind wings pale greyish fuscous, the cilia scarcely 



72 TOETRICID.E. 

paler : underside greyisli fuscous ; the eostal margins of both wings dotted with fuscous. 
1 (^ . Expanse of wings 21 millims. 

On Crooked l\lver^ near Klamath Lakes, Southern Oregon, towards the end of Sep- 
tember 1871. 

Steganoptycha purpuriciliana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 2.) 

Palpi small : head, palpi, and antennae creamy white. Fore wings — twice as long as wide, 
the costa slightly arched ; the apical margin rather oblique, scarcely indented — creamy white, 
speckled with greyisli fuscous on the basal half, which is obliquely margined with bluish 
fuscous, extending over the apical half of the wing, with the exception of a creamy wbite 
costal triangle, from which some shining steel-blue and silvery streaks running to the anal 
angle enclose the nearly obsolete ocellated spot : cilia purple, with a reddish ferruginous line 
along their base. Hind wings greyish, sligbtly paler towards the tips, with a slender pale 
line along their base. 4^,1 ? . Expanse of wings 14 millims. 

Mount Shasta, California, August 1871. 

PHOXOPTERYX, TV, 

Phoxopteryx discigerana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 3.) 

Grapholita discigerana, Walk. Cat. Le/p. Het. xxviii. p. 384. 

metamelana, Walk. Cat. Lej). Het. xxviii. p. 385, and xxxv. p. 1795. 

Auchylopera spiresefoliana, Clem., Orote Si' Roh. Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 84. 

Head and antennae brownish, the palpi white, with the apical joint scarcely exposed. 
Fore wings — with the costa arched, the apex produced and falcate — white, with a conspicuous 
roddish-brown patch along the dorsal margin, gradually widening from the base to the middle, 
obliquely margined externally ; beyond it is a costal streak of the same colour, running 
parallel to its oblique outer margin, blending with a faint ferruginous shade beyond the 
middle of the wing : three small dark brown (almost fuscous) triangular oblique costal 
dashes, each followed by a minute streak of the same colour, blend into a pale ferruginous 
grey shade, containing two black streaks, which follows the apical margin to the anal angle 
and dorsal margin : there is a conspicuous triangular brownish-fuscous spot at the apex, and 
a minute line below it, dividing the cilia, which are white, with a slender line along their base. 
Hind wings very pale grey or cinereous. Type (^ . Expanse of wings 15 millims. 

Nova Scotia. From Lieut. Redman^s collection. 

There are two species under the above name in the British-Museum collection. The 
first two specimens of the series are undoubtedly G. discoferana, Walk. ; the last three only 
are P. discigerana. Messrs. Grote and Robinson (Insect Tracts N. America, vol. i.) hold that 
G. discigerana, Walk., is identical with " Anchylopera " spireafoliana , Clem., and consider 
G. discoferana, Walk., a synonym of A. dubiana, Clem. I should have been disposed to refer 
the two upper specimens and G. discoferana to spirecefoliana, Clem., and to maintain the 



PHOXOPTERYX. 73 

distinctness of the present P. discigerana, which appears to differ from P. spireafoliana in its 
less shaded and suffused apical margin and anal angle^ as well as in its much larger average 
size. It differs from its European ally (P. lundana) in the whiter ground-colour of the fore 
wings, and in the conspicuous white dash beyond the first large costal streak. 

I have a considerable series of P. discigerana from California, and two specimens of 
G. discoferana, which I had certainly thought were only darkish varieties of A. spirecefoliana, 
Clem., as they agree well with that species in the form and position of their markings ; but I am 
not sufficiently acquainted with A. dubiana to feel sure upon this point. If they are really the 
same as dubiana, Walker's name " discoferana " must take precedence. Grapholita metamelana, 
Walk., must, I think, be considered only a small variety of discigerana. This specimen is a 
female from Mr. Carter's collection, and has been accidentally redescribed by Mr. Walker in 
his Supplement. 

Phoxopteryx pacificana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 4.) 

Head much tufted above ; palpi extending the length of the head beyond it, fully clothed, 
both dark purplish grey ; antennae the same. Pore wings — witlr the costa much arched — 
rather shining leaden grey, streaked and ii'rorated with rich reddish brown, of which colour 
there is also an elongated patch occupying more than the first third of the dorsal margin and 
extending half across the cell ; its oblique outer edge sharply defined ; an oblique fascia from 
the middle of the costa to within the anal angle, with an acute projecting angle on the middle 
of its outer edge ; on the costa before it are several abbreviated oblique streaks, and beyond 
it three more conspicuous triangular ones, with pale geminated streaks between them : the 
falcate apex is of the same rich reddish brown ; and an oblique elongated spot lies between it 
and the angle of the central fascia : cilia shining whitish grey, with a geminated white streak 
running through them below the sharply falcate apex. Hind wings and cilia pale brownish. 
1 (^, 3 $ . Expanse of wings 18-22 millims. 

Mendocino County, June 10th, 1871, and Rouge River, Southern Oregon, May 1872. 

Phoxopteryx apicana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 5.) 

Grapholita apicana, WalJc. Cat. Lep. Het. xxxv. p. 1795. 

The palpi short, whitish ; head pale ferruginous ; anteimEe ferruginous. Fore wings 
ferruginous, with the apex falcate and the costa arched ; the basal and subcostal portion more 
deeply shaded, interrupted by a geminated oblique bluish costal streak, which meets at an 
angle about the middle of the wing a pale bluish dorsal blotch, forming with it an indistinct 
angulated fascia bounding the basal patch : there are some whitish abbreviated costal streaks 
from which bluish lines run to form the margins of the ill- defined ocellated patch above the 
anal angle ; a short fuscous line running along the middle portion of the apical margin : the 
cilia are greyish fuscous, with a shining silvery line along their base, and two whitish spots 
below the apex. Hind wings brownish fuscous ; cilia paler. Type ? . Expanse of wings 
9 millims. 



74 TOETRICID.E. 

Nova Scotia, from Liciit. Redman's collection. I also met with this species, at the 
beginning- of Jnuc 1872, in Southern Oregon. 

Nearly allied to P. muricana, of which it may be the Western representative form ; but it 
wants the beautiful steel-blue at the base of the wing, and is generally a plainer and less 
distinctly marked species. 

Phoxopteryx muricana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 6.) 

Palpi short, whitish, the apical point almost concealed : head and patagia pale ferru- 
ginous : antennae slightly darker ; thorax purplish grey. Fore wings — the costa arched ; 
apex falcate — with the basal portion (nearly half) steel-blue towards the costa, blending into 
reddish brown outwardly along the dorsal margin, bounded on the dorsal half by a whitish 
oblique patch, and on the costal half by a reddish-brown or ferruginous ill-defined fascia, 
which is connected on its outer edge with a ferruginous shade towards the apex : several 
very short oblique whitish costal streaks, prolonged in blue lines towai'ds the upper edge of 
the pale ocellated patch, of which the inner half is suffused with shining steel-blue ; there is 
a shining silvery line at the base of the pale ochreous cilia. Hind wings brownish fuscous ; 
cilia paler. Type $ . Expanse of wings 10 millims. 

Beginning of May 1871, Washington. 

Phoxopteryx divisana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 7.) 

Grapholita divisana, WaVi. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 385. 

Face and palpi white ; head yellowish above ; antennae missing in the type, but in 
another specimen yellowish white ; thorax ochreous in front, dark reddish brown above. 
Fore wings — nearly three times as long as wide, with the costa rounded at the base, straight 
beyond; the apex falcate — orange-ochreous, with a dark ferruginous basal patch occupying 
rather nnore than the dorsal half of the wing, and extending about one third along the dorsal 
margin, completely surrounded by a diffused band of bright lilac, reaching to the costa above 
it and nearly halfway along the dorsal half of the wing : beyond this the costa is shaded with 
bright ferruginous, blending with an almost orange yellow below it : there are some minute 
yellowish-white specks along the costa^ and two or three minute streaks before the apex, 
which is bright ferruginous ; a small dark ferruginous dash lies along the base of the cilia 
below it. Abdomen grey. Hind wings pale greyish, with ochreous cilia. Type ^ . Expanse 
of wings 13 millims. 

Nova Scotia. From Lieut. Redman's collection. 

Phoxopteryx cometana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 8.) 

Palpi sharp and pointed, greyish fuscous, paler beneath ; head greyish fuscous ; antennae 
fuscous. Fore wings — three times as long as wide, the apex falcate — fuscous ; with some 



PHOXOPTEEYX.— DICHEOEAMPHA. 75 

shining bluish streaks^ two o£ which before the middle of the costa blend into a narrow, wavy, 
white, oblique double fascia ; other two beyond the middle are irregularly continued towards 
the anal angle ; some abbreviated silvery-white costal streaks before the apex and two white 
spots in the fuscous cilia below the apex ; towards the anal angle the cilia are whitish, 
touched with fuscous. Hind wings rather paler fuscous, with a brownish tinge. 1 $ . 
Expanse of wings 13 millims. 

Mendocino County, California, May 9th, 1871. 

RHYACIONIA, H.-S. 
Ehyacionia juncticiliana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 9.) 

Palpi depressed, acute, thickly clothed, the apical joint not exposed, together with the 
head tawny red : antennae pubescent in the male : thorax and fore wmgs rosy whitish ; the 
latter (with the costa gently arched, the apical margin oblique) minutely streaked with wavy 
lines of tawny red, and shaded off gradually from the base — ^first, towards a darker tawny-red 
oblique central fascia outwardly margined with white, and, secondly, beyond it towards the 
tawny-red apical margin : an obsolete basal patch is faintly indicated towards the dorsal 
margin : the costal portion of the wing, just beyond the central fascia, has a strong rosy tinge : 
a line of fuscous scales runs along the apical margin at the base of the cilia, which are also 
rosy and are not separated by any pale line from the darker shade of the apical portion of 
the wing, as in the allied species R. hastiana, Hiibn., which has also the costa more abruptly 
arched towards the base. Hind wings minutely speckled greyish fuscous. 7 ^ . Expanse of 
wings 20 millims. 

Shasta County, California, July 16th, 1871. 

DICHEOEAMPHA, Guen. 

Dichrorampha radicicolana. (Plate LXXVII. fig. 10.) 

Palpi tawny, projecting nearly twice the length of the head beyond it, profusely clothed, 
the apical joint concealed: head tufted above, tawny; antennae the same. Fore wings pale 
tawny ; the costa arched ; apex produced ; apical margin oblique, indented below the apex : 
a basal patch, acutely angulated externally beyond the middle of the cell, is shaded within its 
outer margin with tawny brown ; a triangular patch of the same colour before the anal angle, 
the intermediate abbreviated pale fascia interrupted by waved tawny lines : a tawny brown 
shade on the apical margin, extended inwards towards the middle of the wing, and a few short 
paler brown streaks from the costa : the cilia rather shining yellowish white, divided in the 
middle by a tawny line parallel with the apical margin j a fuscous spot on the cilia at the 
apex. Hind wings brownish fuscous ; the cilia yellowish white, divided by a tawny line. 1 ? . 
Expanse of wings 17 millims. 



70 TOETEICID^. 

Bred, at the end of IMay 1872^ from a larva fouud in March, feeding in roots of a species 
of Scrop/iii/aria ?, at Camp AYatson, on John Day^s Uiver, Oregon. 

"Walker's only North-American species in the genus Dichrorampha is 

Dlchrorampha scitana = " Grapholitha " interstinctana, Clem. 



The folloiving European species 0/ Tortricidse have heen observed also 

in North America. 

[In this list the numbers in brackets refer to the ' Catalog der Lepidopteren des europaischen 

Faunengebiets,' by Drs. Staudinger and Wocke, published in January 1871. 
An asterisk (*) denotes that, so far as I am aware, the species has not before been recorded as 

occurring in North America.] 

Rhacodia effractana, Frol. (649), Zell. Verh, z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxiv. p. 431. 
Teras hastiana, Lin. (652) . 

var. divisana, Hiib., Eob. Trans. Am. Ent. Soe. ii. p. 280. 

var. ptychogrammos, Zell. Verh. Wien, xxv. p. 213. 

Several varieties from California and Oregon, 1871-72. 

?:=inana, Eob. ] -n n m a -n j. o •• 001 

„ ,. , „, I Eob. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. u. p. 281. 

{ =^macuhaorsana, Clem. J 

*Teras maccana, Tr. (654), Crooked Eiver, Oregon; September 22, 1871. 

^Teras parisiana, Guen. (663). 

=placiclana, Eob. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 282. 

Teras tristana, Hiib. (657). 

\&r. famula, Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 214. 

Teras ferrug ana, W. V. (676), Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 211. 

var. ? semiannula, Rob. 

^Teras permutana, Dup. (659), Mount Shasta, California, August 1871. Maine (teste 

Fernald, MS.). 

Caccecia Icsvigana, S. V. (691), Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 218. 

^Idiographis centrana, H.-S. (707), Shasta County, California, July 1871. 

'■^^Lozotania musculana, Hiib. (712), Eouge Eiver, Oregon, May 1872. 

'^ Lophoderiis politanus , Hiib. (719) ") 

I^Tortnx incertana, Clem. I Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. pp. 224, 225. [Seep.l5.] 

^=Tortrix lutosana, Clem. J 

^Lophoderus ministranus, Lin. (725) (teste Fernald, MS.). 



TORTEICID.E. 77 

Argyrotoxa bergmanniana, Lin. (728), Zell. Verh. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxiv. p. 433. 
*Ablabia gouana, Lin. (770), Burney Falls, California, July 19, 1871. 
Ahlabia osseana, Scop. (767) 



„.,.,. ^ , , Mosch. Stet. ent. Zeit. 1870, p. 373. 

bciaphila mveosana, rack. J 

^Ahlahia pratana, Hiib., Christoph. Stet. ent. Zeit. xix. p. 313 ; Mdsch. Wien. ent. Monatsch. 
iv. p. 380 ; Pack. Proc. Post. Soc. Nat. Hist. xi. p. 60. 
*Cochylis kinder manniana, Tr. (858), Mendocino, California, May 30, 1871. 
^Cochylis smeatlimanniana, Fab. (866), North California, beginning of June 1872; Maine 
(teste Fernald, MS.). 
Cochylis deutschiana,7ie\\. (857) 1 Mosch. Stet. ent. Zeit. 1870, p. 373; Wien. ent. Monatsch.viii. 
Cochylis chalcana, Pack. i p. 199, iv. p. 380 ; Pack. Proc. Bost. Nat. Hist. xi. p. 57. 

*Cochylis dubitana, Hiib. (906) . 

=Simaeih{s^ alhidana, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxxv. p. 1807. 

^Cochylis nana, Haw. (880), Rouge River, Oregon^end of May 1872. 
=Penthina ochreoalbana, Walk. [See p. 32.] 

^Retinia duplana, Hiib. (915), Camp Watson, Oregon, April 1872. 

*Retinia sylvestrana, Curt. (916), Western Oregon, end of April 1872. 

^Retinia pinivorana, Zell. (918), Western Oregon, end of April 1872. 

Penthina mcestana, Wocke (931), Moschler, Wien. ent. Monatsch. iv. p. 199; Pack. Proc. 

Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. xi. p. 60. 

Penthina twfosana, H.-S. (955), Mosch. Wien. ent. Monatsch. iv. p. 199; Pack. Proc. Bost. 

Soc. Nat. Hist. xi. p. 60. 

*PentMna roseomaculana, H.-S. (946) (teste Fernald, MS.). 

Penthina pruniana, Hiib. (938) (teste Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. xxviii. p. 374). 

Sericoris bentleyana, Don. (976), Curt. Appendix Ross's 2nd Arctic Voy. p. 77. 

"^Sericoris urticana, Hiib. (983), Shasta County, California, July 1871. 

*"{ Sericoris rivulana, Scop. (981), end of May^ Mendocino, California, 1871, and Rouge River, 

Oregon, 1872. 

Aphelia lanceolana, Hiib. (1006). 

var. verutana, Zell. Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 247. 

Aphelia furfurana, Haw. (1011), Zell. Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 247, also Shasta 

Countyj California, July 12, 1871, and South Oregon, June 1872. 

Eudemis botrana, Schiff. (1013) 1 „ n n, , i r^ •, •• t«o 

„ , . . ' ^, ^ ' \ Zell. Stet. ent. Zeit. xxxii. p. 178. 
=Js/naoptsa viteana, (Jlem. J 

=:Penthina vitivorcma, Pack., Zell. Stet. ent. Zeit. 1871, p. 117. 
*?PiEdiscu trigeminana, Stph. (1101), Rouge River, Oregon, May 1872; Webber Lake, 
California (teste Zeller, MS.). [See p. 51.] 
Pcsdisca bimaculana, Don. (1085), Zell. Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 302. 
*Semasia aspidiscana, Hiib. (1123), April 1872, Fort Dalles, Oregon. 

^Grapholitha succedana, S. V. (1139), Mendocino County, California, and Rouge River, 
Oregon, May 1871 and 1872. 

M 



7S TOETEICIDiE. 

Carpocapsa pomonella, Liu. (1181), Harris's N. Eng. Farm. vol. xxii. no. 11, p. 13 (1843) ; 

ibid. n. s. vol. ii. no. xvi. p. 252 (1850) ; Editors, Am, Ent. i. pp. 112, 114; Riley's 1st 

Hep. Jus. Miss. 1869, p. 02; 1871, p. 101; 1872 and 1873; Betlmne, Can. Ent. i. 

p. 89 ; Sanndcrs, Can. Ent. iii. p. 26. 

Tmetocera ocellana, Fab. (1210) 1 r/ n ^r i in ^w o/^-r 

, ,. , % o -t /fZell. verb. z.-b. Ges. vVien, xxv. 267. 
= Grapholit/ta octilana, feaimders ^ 

^Steganoptijcha dealbana, Prol. (1312), Colusa County, California, June 26, 1871. 
*Stega)iophjcha augustana, Hiib. (1845), North California, June 1872. 
= Sciaj.)7nla direptana, "Walk. 



o • 7 -7 -T w 11 r [^'^^ P- 23.] 

= ^icia-p/ula viLisana, Walk. ^ ^ ^ -> ■ 

Phoxopten/x co7nptana, Fvol. (1261) 1 r^ n Oi. j. ^ r/ -^ ■■ T~n 
f /, \, . -n^ /, „ J,--, Zell. Stet. ent. Zeit. xxxu. p. 1/3. 
=Anchylopera jragarice, Walsh & Kiley J 

= Grapliolita conflexana, "Walk. [See p. 68.] 
^PJwxoptenjx hiarcuana, Stpli. (1256), Shasta County, California, July 12, 1871. 

^Rhopobota ncevana, liiib. (1268), Shasta County, California, July 28, 1871. 

^^Sciaphila luctiferana, "Walk. ] 
o A 7 1 ■ ■ -n 1 r [See p. 23.1 

!=zAncliyiopera vacciniana, rack. J ^ 

^Dichrorampha alpinana, Tr. (1274), Rouge River, Oregon, May 1872. 

"^IDichroranipha plumhana, Scop. (1299), Siskiyou Mountains, California, June 1872. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



abbreviatana (Ptedisca), 54. 
abruptana (Psedisca), 53. 
adumbranum (Hendecastema), 5. 
segrana (Idiographis), 26. 
afflictana (Sciaphila), 14, 23. 
afflictanus (Lophoderus), 14, 23. 
agassizii (Conchylis), 43. 
agilana (Endopisa), 33. 
agricolana (Psedisca), 42, 44. 
albangulana (Psedisca), 40. 
albaniana (Pandemis), 4, 11. 
albaniana (Teras), 4, 11. 
albicepsana (Psedisca), 55, 62. 
albidana (Simaethis), 77. 
alisellana (Tortrix), 19. 
alpinana (Dichrorampba), 78. 
americana (Graph olitha), 67. 
amphorana (Semasia), 63. 
antiquana (Penthina),- 33. 
apicana (Grapholita), 73. 
apicana (Phoxopteryx), 73. 
argentialbana (Psedisca), 44. 
argenticostana (Semasia), 61. 
argyrospila (Cacoecia), 7, 8, 25. 
argyrospila (Ketinia), 8, 25. 
artemisiana (Semasia), 56. 
aspidiscana (Semasia), 77. 
atomosana (Psedisca), 42. 
augustana (Steganoptycba), 23, 75 
aurantiana (Hystricbopbera), '65. 
auricapitana (Sericoris), 33. 

basiplagana (Sciaphila), 23. 
basipunctana (Psedisca?), 40. 



bentleyaua (Sericoris), 77. 
bergmanniana (Argyrotoxa), 77. 
biangulana (Steganoptycha), 71. 
biarcuana (Phoxopteryx), 78. 
bimaculana (Psedisca), 77. 
bipartitana (Sericoris), 32, 34. 
bipunctella (Afifa), 47. 
bipunctella (Pasdisca), 47. 
bipustulana (Batodes), 20. 
biquadrana (Psedisca), 45. 
bolanderana (Psedisca), 42. 
boscana (Teras), 1. 
botrana (Eudemis), 77. 
breviornataua (Leptoris), 20. 

Cacoecia, 6. 

cseruleana (Grapholitha), 66. 

californiana (Dichelia), 21. 

caliginoaana (Teras), 4. 

campicolana (Cochylis), 29. 

campoliliana (Peedisca), 40, 42. 

canana (Psedisca), 50. 

capreana (Penthina), 31. 

Capua, 21. 

Carpocapsa, 70. 

cataclystiana (Psedisca), 46. 

Ceuopis, 17. 

centrana (Idiographis), 76. 

centrana (Tortrix), 25, 26. 

chalcana (Cochylis), 77. 

chalybeana (Sericoris), 34. 

clavana (Carpocapsa), 70, 

Cochylis, 27. 

Columbiana (Semasia), 57. 



M 2 



so 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



comolann (riioxoptoryx), 74. 
comptana (rhoxoptoryx), GS, 78. 
concm*sana (Tortrix), 11. 
conditana (^ronthina), 31. 
coufixana (rinvcasiophora), 23, 36. 
confixana (Sciaphila), 23, 36. 
conflexaua (Grapliolita), 68, 78. 
conrtictana (Tortrix), 10. 
contlictamis (Heterognomon), 10. 
confusana (Tortrix), 27. 
conncxaua (Teras), 5. 
consangiiinana (Penthina), 30. 
contamiuana (Dictyoptesryx), 3. 
contaminana (Teras), 3. 
contrariaua (Penthina), 31, 32. 
conyersana (Grapholitha), 66. 
corruscana (Sericoris), 70. 
costana (Caccecia), 12. 
costomaonlaua (Grapholitha), 20. 
crambitana (Psedisca), 43. 
cretiferana (Conchjdis), 30. 
eulminana (Psedisca), 38. 
cuneanum (Hendecastema), 4. 

dealbana (Penthina), 32. 
dealbana (Sericoris), 32, 34. 
dealbana (Steganoptycha), 78. 
decempunctana (Semasia), 58. 
decisana (Seiaphila), 23. 
deflectana (Teras), 1. 
demissana (Cenopis), 19. 
destitutana (Seiapliila), 23. 
deutschiana (Cochylis), 77. 
Dichelia, 20. 
Bichrorampha, 75, 
diffinana (Psedisca), 51, 55. 
dilutana (Cochylis), 29. 
dilutieostana (Cenopis), 18. 
dilutifuscana (Sericoris), 33. 
directana (Cenopis), 17. 
directana (Teras), 4, 17. 
direptana (Sciaphila), 23, 78. 
discigerana (Grapholita), 68, 72. 
discigerana (Phoxopteryx), 68, 72. 
discoferana (Grapholita), 68, 72. 
distigmana (Carpocapsa), 70. 



divisana (Grapholita), 68, 74. 
divisana (Phoxopteryx), 68, 74. 
divisana (Teras), 76. 
dodecana (Pasdisca), 63. 
dorsisignatana (Poecilo chroma), 70. 
dubiana (Anchylopera), 72. 
dubitana (Cochjdis), 77. 
duplana (Eetinia), 77. 

eifractana (Ehacodia), 76. 
elongana (Semasia ?), 56. 
emarginana (Proteopteryx), 68. 
Exartema, 36. 
exvagana (Grapholitha), 52, 67. 

famula (Teras), 76. 
fasciatanum (Exartema), 23. 
fernaldana (Cochylis), 27. 
ferriferana (Sciaphila), 23, 37. 
ferriferanum (Exartema), 23, 37. 
ferrolineana (Carpocapsa), 70. 
ferrugana (Teras), 76. 
fervidana (Caccecia), 9. 
flaccidana (Lozotsenia), 7. 
flaccidana (Tortrix), 7. 
flavedana (Platynota), 4, 11. 
flavocellana (Steganoptycha), 53. 
floccosana (Conchylis), 27. 
floccosana (Idiographis), 27. 
feed ana (Sericoris), 31. 
foliana (Teras), 3. 
formosana (Joplocama), 68. 
fragarise (Anchylopera), 78. 
franciscana (Lozotsenia), 13. 
frigidana (Sarrothripa), 11. 
frigidana (Tortrix), 11. 
fucana (Lozotsenia), 12. 
fuUerea (Penthina), 31. 
fulminana (Psedisca), 50. 
fulvifrontana (Penthina), 35 . 
Mviplieana (Idiographis), 25. 
furcatana (Capua), 21. 
furcatana (Dichelia), 21. 
furcatana (Tortrix), 21. 
furfurana (Aphelia), 77. 
furvana (Lozotsenia), 8. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



81 



furvana (Tortrix), 8. 
fuscolineana (Lozotaenia), 14. 
fuscoljneana (Tortrix), 14. 

gallieolana (Peronea), 2. 
georgiana (CaccBcia), 9, 25. 
georgiana (Iletinia), 9, 25. 
georgiana (Tortrix), 9. 
glaucana (Lozotcenia), 13. 
giomerana (Psedisca), 49. 
gloveranus (Lophoderus), 14. 
gouana (Ablabia), 77. 
gracilana (Cenopis), 18. 
graduatana (Paedisca), 54. 
grandiflavana (Ptedisca), 47. 
Grapholitha, 65. 
gratana (Conchylis), 30. 
gratiosana (Sericoris), 37. 
griseoalbanum (Exartema), 38. 
griseocapitana (Semasia), 61. 

hamana (Cochylis), 2Q, 27. 
hastiana (Ehyacionia), 75. 
hastiana (Teras), 3, 4, 76. 
hebascana (Antitbesia), 34. 
hebesana (Pentbina), 23, 31, 70. 
hebesana (Sciapbila), 23, 31. 
Hendecastema, 4. 
hepatariana (Psedisca), 26. 
Heterognomon, 10. 
hirsutana (Paedisca), 50. 
horariana (Sciapbila), 22. 
boustonana (Tortrix), 13. 
hudsoniana (Teras), 4. 
Hystricbopbora, 64. 

Idiograpbis, 25. 
illotana (Paedisca), 39. 
implexana (Sciapbila), 3, 23. 
improbana (Pasdisca), 23, 51, 55. 
improbana (Sciapbila), 23, 51. 
inana (Teras), 76. 
incertana (Tortrix), 15, 76. 
inconclusana (Dicbelia), 21. 
inconditana (Qilnectra), 16. 
indivisana (Sciapbila), 23. 



inexpertana (Carpocapsa), 31, 70. 
infuscana (Semasia), 62. 
inopiana (Tortrix), 25, 26. 
inornatanum (Exartema), 37, 70. 
inquietana (Pasdisca), 35, 55. 
inqiiietana (Sericoris), 35, 55. 
intactana (Cocbylis), 27. 
intermistana (Mixodia ?), 35. 
interstinctana (Grapholitha), 76, 
invexana (Conchylis), 10, 30. 
irroratana (Paedisca), 48, 49. 

juncticiliana (Ehyacionia), 75. 

Mndermanniana (Cochylis), 77. 

laevigana (Cacoecia), 76. 
lagopana (Steganoptycha), 50, 71. 
lamprosana (Tortrix), 11, 
lanceolana (Apbelia), 77. 
lapidana (Semasia), 58, 59. 
larana (Paedisca), 43. 
laterana (Tortrix), 6. 
latiferreana (Carpocapsa), 70. 
latipunctana (Cocbylis), 29. 
lentiginosana (Capua), 22, 
leonana (Hystricbopbora), 65. 
lepidana (Cocbylis), 28. 
lepidana (Tortrix), 16. 
liturana (Steganoptycha), 71. 
Lophoderus, 14. 
Lozotaenia, 11. 

luctiferana (Sciapbila), 23, 78. 
lunatana (Grapholitha), 66. 
lundana (Phoxopteryx), 73. 
luridana (Ampbisa), 20. 
luridana (Paedisca), 44. 
luridana (Simaethis), 20. 
lutosana (Lophoderus), 15. 
lutosana (Tortrix), 15, 76. 
lynosyrana (Synnoma), 24. 

maccana (Teras), 76. 
maculatana (Paedisca), 48. 
maculidorsana (Teras), 76. 



S2 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



nicniulornna (Sciaphila), 23. 
niolaknioana (rtvclioloma), 10. 
iiielaloucana (^Torlrix\ 10. 
molaloucaiuim (rtycholoma), 10, 1(), 30. 
luolaloueanus (Lophodcrus), 10, 16. 
metamclana (Grapholita), 68, 72. 
minimana (Semasia), 60. 
ministranns (Loplioderus), 76. 
Mixodia, 35. 

moestana (Penthina), 31, 77. 

miiricana (Phoxopterj'x), 7-1. 

musciilana (Lozotsenia), 76. 

mutabilana (Phsecasiophora), 36. 

muta'bilaua (Scricoris), 36. 

ncevana (Eliopliobota), 23, 76. 
nana (Cochylis), 32, 77. 
nigralbana (Psedisca), 41. 
nigricana (Endopisa), 33. 
nimbatana (Penthina), 31, 32. 
niveana (Cenopis), 19. 
niveosana (Sciaphila), 77. 
niviseUana (Teras), 2. 

obsoletana (Lozotsenia), 4, 11. 
obsoletana (Teras), 4, 11. 
ocellana (Tmetocera), 78. 
ochraceana (Capua), 22. 
ochreana (Steganoptj'cba ?), 46. 
ocbreoalbana (Penthina), 32, 77. 
ochreoleucana (Penthina), 31. 
oculana (Grapholitha), 78. 
(Enectra, 16. 

oregonana (Semasia ?), 62. 
orichalceana (Carpocapsa), 70. 
osseana (Ablabia), 77. 

pacificana (Phoxopteiyx), 73. 
packatdiana (Halonota), 55. 
Psedisca, 38. 

pallidana (Cochylis), 30. 
pallidicostana (Semasia), 62. 
palpana (Psedisca), 54. 
Pandemia, 11. 
pantherana (Sericoris), 33. 



parallelana (Cochylis), 28. 
parisiana (Teras), 76. 
parvana (Semasia), 60. 
parvimaculana (Cochylis), 30. 
passerana (Psedisca), 49. 
patulana (Cacoecia), 6, 11. 
patnlana (Tortrix), 6, 11. 
Penthina, 30. 

perangustana (Semasia), 58. 
perdricana (Peedisca), 49. 
perductana (Sciaphila), 23, 36. 
peritana (Smicrotes), 21. 
permundana (Sericoris), 36. 
permundanum (Exartema), 23, 36. 
permutana (Teras), 76. 
perstructana (Sciaphila), 23, 64. 
perstroctana (Semasia), 23, 64. 
Phsecasiophora, 36. 
Phoxopteryx, 72. 
pinivorana (Retinia), 77. 
placidana (Teras), 76. 
Platynota, 5. 

plumbana (Dichrorampha), 78. 
politana (Tortrix), 15. 
politanus (Lophoderus), 76. 
pomonella (Carpocapsa), 78. 
pratana (Ablabia), 77. 
primariana (Sciaphila), 23, 35. 
primulana (Paedisca), 45. 
procellariana (Psedisca), 55. 
Proteopteryx, 68. 
proximana (Endopisa), 33. 
pruniana (Penthina), 77. 
Pthoroblastis, 70. 
ptychogrammos (Teras), 76. 
Ptycholoma, 10. 
pulcherrimana (Cenopsis), 19. 
pulveratana (Psedisca), 45. 
pulverosana (Teras), 3, 23. 
punctanum (Exartema), 37. 
puncticostana (Sciaphila), 23. 
puncticostana (Sericoris), 23, 33. 
pupillana (Semasia), 56, 57. 
purpuriciliana (Steganoptycha), 72. 

quadrifidum (Exartema), 37. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



83 



radiatana (Semasia), 55. 
radicana (Psedisca), 53. 
radicicolana (Dichrorampha), 75. 
rectiplicana (Psedisca), 40. 
refusana (Grapholita), 63, 67. 
refusana (Semasia), 63, 67. 
restitutana (Teras), 5. 
resumptana (PaBdisca), 32, 44. 
resumptana (Penthina), 32, 44. 
retana (Lozotaenia), 13. 
reticulatana (Croesia?), 4, 18, 30. 
Eetinia, 25. 

retiniana (Lozotaenia), 12. 
retractana (Teras), 4. 
revayana (Sarrothripa), 11. 
Phyacionia, 75. 
rileyana (Lozotaenia), 9. 
rivulana (Sericoris), 77. 
rosaceaua (Lozotsenia), 4. 
roseomaculana (Penthina), 77. 
rostrana (Platynota), 4, 5. 
rostrana (Teras), 4, 5, 20. 
rudana (Qllneetra), 16. 

sagittana (Grapholita), 68. 
sanbornana (Tortrix), 8. 
saxicolana (Cochylis), 29. 
scalana (Semasia), 57. 
Sciaphila, 22. 
scissana (Cochylis), 28. 
scitana (Dichrorampha), 76. 
scriptana (Sarrothripa), 11. 
scriptana (Tortrix), 11. 
Semasia, 55. 

semialbana (Cacoecia), 12. 
semiannula (Teras), 76. 
semiferana (Cacoecia), 7, 16. 
semiferanus (Lophoderus ?), 7, 16. 
semifuscana (Ptycholoma ?), 10. 
senecionana (CEnectra), 17. 
septentrionana (Orthotaenia), 35. 
septentrionana (Eetinia), 23, 35. 
sericoranum (Exartema), 36. 
Sericoris, 32. 

sescnpiana (Lozotaenia), 14. 
shastana (Paedisca), 46. 



siderana (Sericoris), 33. 
similisana (Penthina), 32. 
similisana (Sericoris), 34. 
simpliciana (Teras), 2. 
smeathmanniana (Cochylis), 77. 
solicitana (Grapholita), 55, 68. 
solicitana (Paedisca), 55, 68. 
spiculana (Grapholitha), 61. 
spireaefoliana (Anchjdopera), 68, 72. 
Steganoptycha, 71. 
stramineana (Semasia), 60. 
strenuana (Grapholitha), 52, 67. 
strenuana (Paedisca), 52, 67. 
striataua (Anchylopera), 55, 62. 
subauratana (Teras), 4. 
subcervinana (Eetinia), 25. 
subflavana (Paedisca), 48. 
sublapidana (Semasia), 59. 
subnivana (Penthina), 1, 32. 
subnivana (Teras), 1, 32. 
subplicana (Paedisca), 41. 
succedana (Grapholitha), 77. 
sulfureana (Croesia ?), 30. 
sylvestrana (Eetinia), 77. 
Synnoma, 24. 

teuuiana (Semasia), 59, 60. 
Teras, 1. 

terracoctana (Paedisca), 39. 
tessalana (Penthina), 35. 
testulana (Cenopis ?), 17. 
texanana (Pthoroblastis), 70. 
tinctana (Teras), 4. 
transiturana (Cacoecia), 8. 
transmissana (Paedisca), 32, 52. 
transmissana (Penthina), 32. 
transversana (Cochylis), 28. 
triferana (Cacoecia), 9, 15. 
triferanus (Lophoderus), 9, 15. 
trigeminana (Paedisca), 51, 77. 
trigonana (Sciaphila), 22. 
tripunctana (Paedisca), 39, 
tristana (Teras), 76. 
trossulana (Grapholitha), 67. 
tunicana (Dichelia), 20. 
turfosana (Penthina), 77. 



84 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



urticaiia (Sericoris\ 77. 
iistioana (^Grapholitlia), 37. 
usticsma (^rcccilochroma ?), 37. 

Tacciuiana (Anchylopora), 7S. 
varicgaua (ronthina), 31. 
variegana (Teras), 2. 
relutinaua (Cacoscia ?), 9, 15. 
verutaua (Ax^helia), 77. 
vesperana (Lozotsenia), 11. 
Tcsperana (Tortrix), 11. 
vestitauns (Lophoderus), 16. 
vetulana (Serieoris), 32. 
vicariana (Teras), 4. 



vilisana (Sciaphila), 23, 78. 
vitivoraua (Ponthiua), 77. 
vitrana (Grapholitha), 65. 
vittana (Endopisa), 77. 

wimmerana (Semasia), 56. 
worthingtoniana (Paedisca), 47. 

xanthoides (Begunna), 20. 
xanthoides (Cenopis ?), 4, 20. 
xanthoides (Teras), 4, 20. 

zsegana (Cochylis), 26, 27. 



PKINTED BY TAYLOB AND FBANCIS, 
RED LION COUKT, FLEET STREET, 



LEP.HET.Pl.LXI. 





1. 










8. 




4. 




R 






\ '/m 





10. 



Edyan.WLsotiL, dsL etlrtb.. 



ifiiiteriL Bro s . xnip . 



1.- Caooecaa patulana, 5 4. Teras snnpliciaiia. 

2.- Teras suhnivana. 5. Teras foliana. 

3-. Teras ravisellaaa. 6. Teras foliana. (var.) 



7. Teras putvBrosana. 

8. Hend-ecastema. cuneaaxtm. 71 

9. acbmbrariairi. $ (var.) 



10. Hendecastenia cuuLeanum.. 5 



LEP.HET.Pl.LXLI. 



t 



** y2 



i^KP 




1. 




2. 





5. 




8. 







9. 



10. 



Eajuiii'TOlBCJtL, dBL.etlith.. 



MiTTtemBros. imp. 



1. Platynota rostrana. 4. CaccEcia transiturana,. 7. Cacoecia georgiaiia. 

2. Caccecia semTferana. 5. Cacoecia argyrospila. 8. PLyclioloina melaLeucaimm. 

3. Cacoecia semiferaiia. (var) 6. Cacoecia argyrospila.^^ 9.HeterogrLomoii conQictamis. 

10. PancLemis al-loanisaia. 



iEP.HET. Pl.LXIir. 




2. 



1. 




?^ 



^?*f^ 



Qx^jUj^ 



3. 



4 — , 





6. 



1^ 



::^ 



7. 






10. 



EdwraTOlsan, del.etlrth- 



MmlernBros. imp. 



l.Lozotsmia obsoletana. 4'.Lo7.otegnia ret^a.= 7. LophocLerus gloverana. 

2 . Lozotsenia fucana. 5. Lozot6sma frariascaii.a. 8. Lophoderas afflictana. 

S.Lozotffimaretmiana. G.Lozotesnia glaucana. O.Loplaodenis triferana. 

lO.CEiiectra uiconditana,. 



LEP. HET. PL LKN. 








^^1^ 



a**«t 





EdOTiaWilson, del. et Ifi-.h 



Mmtein Bros . imp. 



1. (Enectra radima. ■ 4. Cenopis directana. 7. Cenopis viYesna.. 

2.CEniectranidaiia.Tar. 5. Cenopis gracfkna. 8. Cenopi^s pLidierrmiana 

3. CEnectra seiiecionaria. 6. Ceriopis dilaticostana. 9, Cenopis dsmissana. 

10. Cenopis xarLtlioid.es. 



LEP.HET.Pl.LXV. 




-;- 



W-.A'^ 



^: 



?\'<^ 



'i^<Ay<i^. 





T 

T 

V / 






ESwin ySisan, dsL. etlni. 







10. 




Mm eniBr 5 . inip . 



1. Dickelia tumcana. 4. Capua fur cat ana. 7. SaapHla tngonaiia. 

2. Dididia califomiajia. ^ 5, Capua leatiguiosana. 8. SciapMla basiplagaTia. 
3 ■ Didaelia califamiaria. jvar. 6 . SciapMLa iioranana. 9. Symioma lyiios3n:aiia. / 

10. SyruiQuia lynosyraiia. ^ 



LEP.HET. liXVI. 










5. 




4. 






8. 



10. 




EdmiLlTOsoii,del- ftt. hth . 



Mmxera Br o s^ im j) . 



1. Retiiiia subcervinaiia. 4.Icliograp]:iis eegrana. 7. Cochylis .femaloLaiia. 

2. Idiographis fulyipKcana. c/* B.TdiograpMs floccosana.. 8. Coclx/iis scissana. 

3. Idiographisfulviplicaiia.o 6. Codiylis mtactana. 9. Codtiylis parallelana. 

10. Cochylis tran_sversana. 



iNiI^fe^ii^ 






2. 





LBP. HET. PI. LXVII. 







7. 






Edwin Wils otl del. 



L'fintem 3r05 ijnp. 



1. Cochylis saxicolana. 4. Cochylis campicolana . ZPenthina conditana. 

2. Cochylis latipunctana. 5. Cochylis parvimaculana S.Penthina hebesana. 

3. Cochylis dilutaiaa. . B.Penthina consangumana. . B.Sericoris' TeUilana. 

10. Sericoris auricapitana. 



LBP. HET.Pl.LXVIII 







5. 




4. 





7. 






8. 



10. 



Edwin WilEondr Miritem Bros jr 

1. Sericoris puncticostana. 4. Sericoris Ghalyloeana. 7, Exartema sericoranum^? 

2. Sericoris dilutifuscana. 5. Sericoris mquietana. 8 . Exs^rtenna punctanum. g 

3. Sericoris dealbana.' 6. PhcEcasiophora confixana. 9. Exartema griseoalb-anunL.? 

10. P^disca culxninana. 



LBP. HBT.Pl, LXrX. 



?^*— 2L_ijyy^LL 




3. 




5. 








6. 






w 










8. 



Edwin Wilson, del etlltii . 



Min+^ern Bros imp. 



1. Psedisca illotana. 4. Pasdisca albangulana. 7 P^disca nigralbana. 

2.Psedisca terracoctana. 5. Psedisca basipunctana. 8. Psedisca agricolana. 

S.P^disca rectiplicana. 6. Psedisca subplicana. 9. Pasdisca atomosana. 

10. P^disca. ■bolanderana. 



LEP.HET .PLLXX. 








5. 





V 







9. 



10, 



Kd-win Wilson del etlith. 



Mintern Bros , 



ntip 



l.P^disca crambitana. 4.Pa8disca argentialbcma. 7 P^disca pnmulana. 
2.P8edisca larana. 5.P«disca resumptana. S.Peedisca loiquadrana. 

3.Pasdisca luridana. G.P^'disca pulveralana. 9.Pffidisca shastana, 

lO.P^disca cataclystiana. 



LEP. HET.Pl.LXXI. 








5. 






4i. 






3. 





9. 



10. 



Edwin WiUon, del el UtVi. 



Mintern Broa, imp. 



1. Peedisca bipunctella. 4. Paedisca maculatana. 7. Psedisca passerana. 

2.Psedisca grandiflavana. 5. Psedisca irroratana. 8. Pssdisca glomerana. 

3. Psedisca subflavana. 6. Psedisca perdricana. 9. Psedisca fulmmana. 

10. Psedisca canana. 



LEP. HET. PI. LXXII. 








5. 





%-,: 







\. /. 



0im 



10. 



;ii 




Edwi-n Wilson del ellith. 



Mintern Bra6-,Tmr3. 



1. Psedisca hlrsutana. 4. Pasdisca sirenuana. 

Z.Pffidisoa improbana. 5. Psedisca radicana. 

3. Pasdisca Iransrnissana. 6. Psedisca abruptana. 

1 . Pse di s ca s olicit ana . 



7. Psedisca graduatana. 

8. Psedisca palpana. 
S.Paedisca abbreviata.na. 



LEP. HET. PI LXXUr. 






3. 




5. 






lv~^" 











Edwin Tfilsan, del et ith. 



Mmtarn Bros, imp. 



1. Semasia radiatana, 4. Semasia scalana. 7. Semasia perangustana . 

2. Semasia elongana. 5. Semasia columfciana. 8. Semiasia lapidana. 

3. Semasia, artemisiana. 6. Semasia decempunctana. 9. Semasia siablapidana. 

10. Semasia tenuiana. 




2. 




. 1 



LEP.HET. PL LXXIV: 




\ / 












10. 



Edwin Wilson, del ei lilh. 

1. Semasia parvana. ^. Semasia argenticostana. 7 Semasia infuscana 

^.bemasia strammeana. 5. Semasia gnseocapitana. 8. Semasia oregonana. 

3. Semasia mmimana. 6, Semasia pallidicostana. 9. Semasia amphorana, 

10. Seinasia refusana. 



MmtemBroe imt). 



LEP HET.Pl.LXXV. 



%mm 



1. 










EdwiTL Wils on ddet litL 




10. 







Mmtern Bros. imp. 



1. Semasia perstructana 

2. Hystncliophora leonana. 

3. Jo . do var auraimaiia. 



4.Exartema fernfera^num. 7. Grapholitha conversana. 
S.Grapliolitha vitrana. 8. Grapho'litKa lunatana, 

6, Grapholitha casruleana. 9.10. Grapholitha americana. 



LEP-HET.Pl.LXXVI. 





^-'^"7f 



'sN 







-■•^1 



* 



•: ti v^ 





9. 



Jidwin V.Msan deiertlilii. 



Miiitem Bros 



imp. 



1. Grapholitha trossulana. 8. Carpocapsa latiferreana. 

2 -G.Proteopteryx emarginana. varr 9 . Steganoptyclia liturana. 
7. Pthoroblastis texanana. lO.Steganoptycha lagopana. 



LEP HET Pl.LXXVIL 











\r 




>P>*»^ i^V ^^^t ' 






10. 



Edwin "\1Slson del et litt. 



Minterrn Bros imp 



1. Steganoptycha biangulana. 4. Phoxopteryx pacificana. 7. Phoxopteryx divisana, 

2 . Steganoptyclia purpunciliaiia- b . Phoxopteryx apicazia . 8 . Phoxopteryx c ometana . 
S.Phoxopteryx discigerana G.Phoxopteryx muncana. 9. RTayacionia juncticiliana. 

lO.Dichroramplia radicicolana.